Labour Law & Hr Consultant
Principal Hr Consultant
Asst Manager - Hr
The concept of " No Work No Pay " is basically an implied condition of the contract of employment which may again be either express or implied too.
If you want to be Law-specific, pl go through sec.7(2)(b) r.w sec.9 of the Payment of wages Act,1936 regarding deduction of wages for unauthorised absence from duty. In this context, sec.24 of the Industrial Disputes Act,1947 declaring, inter alia, when a strike becomes illegal may also be referred to. Every day of an illegal strike is a day of no work at the instance of the employees and hence no pay/wages to them for that day.
But, you should remember an important aspect of this concept of " No Work-No Pay ". It applies only to the situation of no work at the instance of the employee(s) and not at the volition of the employer(s). An employer can also cause no work to his workmen/employees by resorting to suspension pending enquiry on disciplinary charges, lock-out, lay-off, retrenchment or closure in any one of which case being as per the Standing Orders applicable to the establishment or the relevant provisions of the Industrial Disputes Act,1947, the affected employees are entitled to legal compensation for the period of no work in stead of wages; otherwise entitled to full wages. In the case of employees above the status of "workman", such no work in violation of the contract of employment would entitle them for full pay or damages.
17th March 2017 From India, Salem
17th March 2017 From India, Thane
Sorry for my belated response for your last question required a lot of contemplation coupled with multiple cross-references both academic and legal. Therefore, let me be brief with a practical answer to the best of my knowledge and belief.
In the realm of industrial employment, not in the case of the employment in the sovereign functions of the State, the right to strike is recognised as a legal right. When the law or the contract of employment mandates that strike should be resorted to in a particular fashion, the employees can not violate those conditions.But it can not be capriciously exercised. The exercise should be justifiable also. Therefore, the exemption of the doctrine of no work-no pay would be applicable only in the case of a particular strike is both legal and justifiable. It would be easy to define a legal strike but it is not easy to conclude whether a strike is justifiable or not because it is a question of fact. If we come to a hasty conclusion based on some extraneous reasons, the very right to strike as an effective measure of collective bargaining would become meaningless. So in my opinion, for a strike to be justifiable so as to make a claim for wages for the strike period, the following elements must be present:
(1) It should be a legal strike
(2) It should have been after raising lawful and reasonable demands and sufficient direct negotiations.
(3) The timing of the strike should also be a determinative factor
(4) The conduct of the strike should have been peaceful devoid of any violence or untoward incidents.
(5) The strike should have been against any unfair labour practices on the part of the employer.
(6) Either on the advice of the any lawful authority or on their own decision, when the striking employees were prepared to call off the strike and resume their duties, they should not have been prevented to do so by the employer on some reason or other.
21st March 2017 From India, Salem
"The respondents have not actually worked in the said posts and, therefore, on the principle of "no work no pay" they will not be entitled to the higher salary. Hence, we give no directions in this behalf and leave it to the appellant to give such relief as they may deem fit."
Supreme Court of India
Union Of India vs B.M. Jha on 24 October, 2007
Bench: A.K. Mathur, Markandey Katju
Appeal (civil) 5128 of 2001
Union of India
DATE OF JUDGMENT: 24/10/2007
A.K. Mathur & Markandey Katju
JUDGMENT ORDER Heard learned counsel for the parties.
This appeal by Special leave is directed against the judgment and order dated 17.5.2000 passed by the learned Division Bench of the High Court of Delhi whereby the learned Division Bench upheld the order dated 11th January, 2000 passed by the Central Administrative Tribunal, Principal Bench. None appears for the appellant.
The Tribunal has taken the view that since the respondent herein has been granted retrospective promotion from 27.8.1984 he must be paid arrears of pay and allowances for the higher post for the period 27th August, 1984 till 5th February, 1992.
Aggrieved against the order of the Tribunal dated 11th January, 2000 the Appellant herein filed a writ petition before the High Court and the High Court dismissed the writ petition affirming the order of the Tribunal. Hence the present appeal.
We have heard learned counsel for the parties. It was argued by learned counsel for the respondent that when a retrospective promotion is given to an incumbent normally he is entitled to all benefits flowing therefrom. However, this Court in the case of State of Haryana & Ors. v. D.P. Gupta & Ors.,  7 SCC 533 and followed in the case of A.K. Soumini v. State Bank of Travancore JT (2003) 8 SC 35 has taken the view that even in case of a notional promotion from retrospective date, it cannot entitle the employee to arrears of salary as the incumbent has not worked in the promotional post. These decisions relied on the principle of no work no pay. The learned Division Bench in the impugned judgment has placed reliance on the case of State of Andhra Pradesh v. K.V.L. Narasimha Rao & Ors., (1999) 3 SC 205. In our view, the High Court did not examine that case in detail. In fact, in the said judgment the view taken by the High Court of grant of salary was set aside by this Court. Therefore, we are of the view that in the light of the consistent view taken by this Court in the abovementioned cases, arrears of salary cannot be granted to the respondent in view of the principle of no work no pay in case of retrospective promotion. Consequently, we allow this appeal and set aside the impugned order of the High Court dated 17.5.2000 passed by the Division Bench of the High Court as also the order dated 11.1.2000 passed by the Central Administrative Tribunal, Principle Bench.
The appeal is allowed. No order as to costs.
22nd March 2017 From India, Thane