If an employee work day and night. Is the company liable to pay double salary for night shift?
From India, Ghaziabad
Hr & Payroll Consultant At Kredily
Public Sector Service
Management Consultancy
Nagarkar Vinayak L
Hr And Employee Relations Consultant


Do you mean 24 hours continuous work or a shift of eight hours from say 4pm to 12 midnight?. Pl clarify
From India, Mumbai
According to Section 51 and Section 59 of the Factories Act - 1948 states
“No employee is supposed to work for more than 48 hours in a week and 9 hours in a day. Any employee who works for more than this period is eligible for overtime remuneration prescribed as twice the amount of ordinary wages.”
Additionally, Section 14 of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 states,
“When the minimum wages of an employee are fixed for a particular period of time and the employee works beyond that period, then the employee has to be paid overtime wages for the extra time.”
Every State in India has its own Shops and Establishment Act (SEA) which also lays down overtime rules for workmen employed in different institutions. The SEA is applicable to all in managerial and non-managerial employment, in every shop and establishment.
The overtime rules also state that the employees must be provided at least one break for half an hour between the working hours and the entire working period per day must be calculated in such a way that no working period exceeds 5 hours without an interval.
The total number of labour law working hours India in a day must be 12 and a half hours, limiting the maximum number of overtime hours in a day at 2 hours.
Overtime rules under the Factories Act, 1948 also provides the punishment in case an employer violates these provisions.
Any employer found to be contravening these provisions would be liable for punishment of imprisonment up to 2 years, fine of up to Rs. 1 lakh or both. If the employer continues to violate the provisions after conviction, a fine of Rs. 1000 per day is levied for each day of violation.
Under the overtime payment rules in India, overtime wages are paid in two ways – either on a per hour rate or a per piece rate in factories.
• In per hour or hourly rate, the per hour wage of an employee is calculated and double the amount is paid for every extra working hour.
• In per piece method, an employee is paid overtime for every extra piece made during the overtime period.

From India, Bengaluru

The salary can be the same for employees, even if your organisation has night shifts. Providing a night shift allowance is completely based upon your organisation's discretion.
Sairam Bandi
Email -

From India, Bengaluru
Nagarkar Vinayak L

Dear Colleague,
If the concerned employee has worked for consecutively two shifts, ie for sixteen hours in a row, he is entitled for double salary for 8 hours overtime work under Factories Act.
Vinayak Nagarkar
HR- Consultant.

From India, Mumbai

The salary can be increase more than day shift for night shift employee, but cannot say salary will be paid double for night shift employee. Regards, Tmt Aba
From India, Jammu
Clarification regarding working hour night shift with rest hour. Is rest hour is considered in working hour ?


Rest period will be included if it is continuous shift (i.e., 8 hours X 3shifts per day) but if the factory operates only in two shifts then the rest period can be seperate, like 1st Shift from 07.00 AM to 4 .00PM with lunch interval from 12 noon to 1.00 pm and 2nd Shift from 04.00PM to 01.00 AM with dinner interval from 8.00 PM to 09.00 PM, but in the same factory for continuous work areas the shift timings are 7.00 AM to 3.00 PM, 3.00 PM to 11 PM and 11.00 PM to 07.00 AM with lunch interval/dinner interval (30 minutes) staggered in between for various baches of workmen between 4-5 hours of start of shift.
From India, Mumbai
Night shift working hours with rest covered under which act ?


The shift working is covered in Factories Act and in the Standing Orders as applicable to an industrial establishment.
From India, Mumbai

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