Whilst many companies around the world use the large well-resourced Indian Call Centres, Australian companies included, most of those companies do not own the call centres. They merely outsource their requirements to Indian companies. I am of the view that these companies, used by banks, telcos and other service organisations, are for the most part reputable.
The Microsoft Windows scam is well documented on the Internet. It could be masterminded from outside India, but until someone proves otherwise, India will continue to get the blame for it, as it is Indians making the calls.
On the matter of my suspicions about unsolicited calls regarding solar power rebates in Oz , it arose from a posting and interaction I had with a member seeking Australian data for his call centre early in 2014. Solar was specifically mentioned. Whilst I do not monitor CiteHR everyday, I have not seen any postings from that person since that time. Once again, this scam is well documented on the internet.
These problems are widespread, because the scammers (from any country) play on the fears and weaknesses of people. Many of us are smart enough to see through the scam and just hang up, but less experienced people end up being caught and losing a lot of money. And here in Australia, this is despite the government giving lots of warnings to people to be careful.
In another example, it is estimated that in 2013, people around the world lost over $12 Billion, I will repeat that figure - 12 billion dollars - in Nigerian money scams. Millions of victims lost $12.7B last year falling for Nigerian scams | GeekTime
People are gullible, that's for sure.
From Australia, Melbourne
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From Turkey, Istanbul