V.Raghunathan
Process Industry Consultant / Soft Skill
Nashbramhall
Learning & Teaching Fellow (retired)

Teaching and assessing, or imparting training, in the same way as I was taught and assessed in the last century is not acceptable in this age of knowledge management and globalisation. Teachers and trainers in the West have come under pressure from various quarters and have reflected on what they do, how they do and why they do. This has led to a shift in higher education from teacher-centred paradigm to student-centred paradigm. For example, building on the works of Constructivist psychologists such as Piaget and the Learning theories of educationalists such as Marton & Saljo, Entwistle, Prosser and Trigwell, John Biggs proposed constructive alignment approach over 20 years ago.

Here is a PowerPoint presentation that I gave a few years ago. If you find it useful, please feel free to use the whole or parts of it. But please ensure that you give references like I have included in the bibliography.

One great scholar wrote at the end of his book "Please do not copy and claim the ideas in my book as your own, lest you should be blamed for any mistakes I might have made". I think that holds good for copying anyone's work.

Wish you all a Merry Christmas and a Healthy, Happy, and Successful 2016.
25th December 2015 From United Kingdom

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Dear Mr Simhan,

I am thrilled to see a thread starting from your side. At the outset I convey my Christmas Greetings and a HAPPY NEW YEAR to you. Your presentation should serve me as a good reference source.

I have presented my observations and views and would be pleased to receive your comments.

Slides 4 &7, What is HE? HIGHER EDUCATION ?

Slide 16 What about the involvement level of students? Conventional training emphasizes that a person would learn only when he wants to learn or is forced to learn. A student in a class always asks WIIIFM( What is in it for me?) Is the graph substantiated with statistical data?

Slide 47 What is L&T? LEARNING &TRAINING?

It is nice to see my favourite KOLBS theory finding a place. However the following theories do not find a mention.

1. Classical learning theory by Pavlov-Skinner

2. Bloom’s hierarchy of Learning

3. Multiple Intelligences theory of Gardner

4. Sensory learning preferences of Woolridge

5. Four stages Learning of Gordon / Noel Burch / Abraham Maslow

Is there any reason for omitting the above?

V.Raghunathan
25th December 2015 From India
Thanks Raghunathan for taking the trouble to go through my presentation and making comments.

HE stands for Higher Education and T & L for Teaching and Learning. As I used to give lectures and explain the abbreviations, no one had raised that question. I used abbreviations to make the headings compact.

With reference to Slide 16, the level of engagement certainly does depend upon the level of students' involvement. It is for the academic staff to answer the key question "What is in it for students?" Let me give an example from citehr. Students here ask for ready-made questionnaires, project synopsis, project reports, etc. I usually advice students to work on their own and seek help to improve upon their draft work. I am glad that I was able to convert a student to my way of thinking and help him. Please see post at https://www.citehr.com/81561-questio...nload-pg2.html

I can't recall if there was any statistical evidence for that graph. Kindly see http://www.ntu.edu.vn/Portals/96/Tu%...ng-j.biggs.pdf

There is no reason for omitting those theories; I was using the latest works and I am sure some of the references I have given have considered some of those theories in their work. I was not aware Multiple Intelligences theory of Gardner and Sensory learning preferences of Woolridge. I will certainly read about them now.
25th December 2015 From United Kingdom
Dear Sir,
Thank you very much for the detailed reply.
Regarding the Woolridge theory on senses and the Multiple Intelligence theory
of Gardner please find a short write up in the attachment.
They have been sourced from a training study material.
V.Raghunathan
26th December 2015 From India

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File Type: pdf Two Learning theories.pdf (23.6 KB, 356 views)

Dear Raghunathan,
Thank you for the link. We found on youtube "Ramanujar" series that Sri Karunanidhi has penned on Ramanujaracharya and shown on Kalaignar TV. As Ramanujar says in that, there is no need to address me as "Sir". I think we picked up that habit when the English ruled us.
In that series, Ramanujar also mentions about learning and how one should not compete with each other in a class but help each other out, etc. Hence, I searched the web about what our Bhagavad Gita says about learning and found this link https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=...20gita&f=false
I wonder how we can draw the attention of other teachers and trainers at Citehr to contribute to this thread!
26th December 2015 From United Kingdom
Dear Mr Simhan,

Thank you for mentioning to avoid the use of 'Sir'.

I agree it has been a British legacy (conferring the knighthood being exceptions!!).

For the Britishers it is a long tradition set rolling by King Arthur centuries ago and it is appearing

in a different form.

Yes, Ramanujar was a great saint known for his revolutionary thoughts

on equality, service and humanity. To this date many of us are his followers,

may not be in the same degree of being pious but certainly in belief.

Talking of Ramanujar and TV serial episode it is no doubt interesting.

The motives however are not difficult to seek. Ramanujar's 1000 Birth centenary celebrations

are slated to commence in a grand way in 2016. The TN state assembly elections are also to take place next year. That explains the two major forthcoming events as summation of two plus two.

Ramanujar's learning experience itself was remarkable. He had as many as five Gurus.

His learning attempt to learn from Thirukoshtiyur Nambi is a popular one and I wish to share the same for the benefit of readers.

The anecdote goes like this. Ramanujar knocks the door of Thirukoshtiyur Nambi. He asks from inside “ Who is it?”. Ramanujar mentions his name and says “ I have come.”From inside comes a strange reply “ Naan Sethu Vaa” ( Literal translation would be something like YOU COME AFTER I DIE). A bewildered Ramanujar goes back and comes again after few days. The dialogues repeat umpteen times before Ramanujar realizes something and says “My humble self” has come. There upon the guru teaches him the salvation mantra on the condition that he wouldn’t share the same with anyone else. If Ramanujar breaches the condition he would go to hell.

Having learnt in a tough way Ramanujar goes to top of the temple and shares the sacred mantra with the whole town. His contention was that notwithstanding the point he would get punishment, the community at large would stand to gain. It was a tough learning for him and he made the learning easy for the community.

V.Raghunathan
26th December 2015 From India
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