As per OSHA
The following list sets forth the minimally acceptable number and type of first-aid supplies for first-aid kits required under paragraph (d)(2) of the logging standard. The contents of the first-aid kit listed should be adequate for small work sites, consisting of approximately two to three employees. When larger operations or multiple operations are being conducted at the same location, additional first-aid kits should be provided at the work site or additional quantities of supplies should be included in the first-aid kits:
1. Gauze pads (at least 4 x 4 inches).
2. Two large gauze pads (at least 8 x 10 inches).
3. Box adhesive bandages (band-aids).
4. One package gauze roller bandage at least 2 inches wide.
5. Two triangular bandages.
6. Wound cleaning agent such as sealed moistened towelettes.
8. At least one blanket.
10. Adhesive tape.
11. Latex gloves.
12. Resuscitation equipment such as resuscitation bag, airway, or pocket mask.
13. Two elastic wraps.
15. Directions for requesting emergency assistance.
22nd October 2014 From India, Secunderabad
First off, there needs to be a review of the chemicals used in your company / lab. The company\'s R&D supervisor/scientist should be able to give you details of the chemicals used and antidotes / protocol in case of spills/burns etc; You will need supplies / facilities that cater to this. In case you have different sections using different chemicals (which is common), each wing / department might have to slightly modify the contents pertaining to the chemicals they use. Trained first aiders may also be employed for best results and making sure there is atleast one per 100 employees present at a time. And having a contigency plan for the first aid personnel on leave. Altenatively the employees can be trained in first aid and for management specific to your company. And appropriate management protocol with definite roles designated is required. (As to who will call the emergency personnel / ambulance / company\'s doc/, transport arrangements and one person responsible for getting the kit and starting the first aid etc;). Documentation of the events is mandatory. It might be a good idea to have a incident form and pen handy so the same can be filled up as soon as practically possible.
As a chemical R&D company there will be a need for a first aid room separately for this purpose as well. The list provided earlier is sufficient for injuries but additionally specific items required in related to your company\'s hazardous inventory is required which may be kept in a separate box under lock and key. For example, if you deal with acids or alkali solutions, appropriate chemicals for treating such burns is required. This information can be best given by the chemical department chief/supervisor or from other sources.
Secondly, a review of the common accidents that have occured in the past can give you an idea of what to expect. Also, in case of closed workplaces, appropriate safety measures must be in place like to deal with poisonous vapours in closed spaces.
And regarding Over-The-counter drugs, they may be kept like simple Paracetamol for head ache or fever, combiflam or dispirin. Dispirin has its role in cases of heart attack to prevent worsening / spreading of the clot in heart\'s vessels even but it is best used by someone who is trained to identify the medical emergency (not necessarily a medical personnel but someone trained in first aid)
A guiding rule for making a first-aid box would be to customize it based on the possible / common risks in your work place.
Dr. Akilesh R
Ex-Assistant Professor, Govt. DCH, Aurangabad
4th November 2014 From India, Visakhapatnam