[color=blue]Dear All, I am a student of Masters in Human Resource and am interested in doing a project on the Psychometric testing for the selection of suitable and capable candidates.. So, Kindly help me regarding the same..
Thanks and regards

From India
Dear Neha, I have got some material on Pschometric Tests hope it is of some use Regards Srishti
From India, Bangalore

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There are many aspects to be considered before introducing psychometric tests. Given below is a summary of Myers & Briggs -MBTI

Typology

Typology is the study of human differences. Typing people is not to pigeon hole us or to deny our uniqueness & replace it with superficial label. C.G. Jung described psychological types based on basic elements which when combined together, can be used to describe the differences among people.

A type is a group of characteristics that stands midway between the universal traits common to us all & those which are uniquely our own. Typology is a powerful aid to a deeper understanding of who we are.

C.G.Jung

C.G.Jung (1875-1961), was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychologist, the founder of a distinctive school of psychological thought that is being continued and developed today by a world-wide network of Jungian analysts and sympathizers.

Jung was an explorer of the inner world of the psyche. For him this inner world, which he called the unconscious, was not simply a basement filled with forgotten memories and useless junk, but an ocean or forest filled with beauty and danger, life and death and meaningful discovery.

The basic elements

1. Extraversion & introversion: The extravert is someone whose energy and attention is directed outward to the people and world around him, and those objects are decisive in the adaptation he makes and the actions he takes. For the extravert, the world around him is the real world and he adapts himself to it.

In contrast the introvert’s energy and attention are directed inwardly. His own inner world is the real world which he adapts himself to and which determines his behaviour. He strives to protect the inner world from too strong and influence from the outer world. This outer world is less real for him and therefore of less influence than the inner world.

Extroversion and introversion form a pair of opposite basic attitudes to life. Each of use is both extraverted and introverted, for we relate both to the world around us and the world within, but we tend to favour one attitude over the other.

Common behavioural patterns

Extrovert:

- Takes care to look good, say the right thing & do the right thing.

- If someone disagreed with the ‘generally accepted’ attitude, he’d become annoyed.

- His greatest need is to maintain social rapport. If someone wants to make differences he’d displeased.

- Arguments were not to be settled, they were to be smoothed over in order to preserve social harmony.

- He wants everyone to be happy.

Introvert:

- Reserved and does his own affairs but concentrated on supporting others.

- Does not feel much comfortable in a crowd, parties and social gatherings.

- The very first consideration is checking out what’s going inside, no matter what someone else said or did. He’d take that experience into himself and decide whether he liked it or not.

- Is not interested in a smashing wardrobe.

- No interest to be a group leader.

The difficulty is to identify the prominent type. Being an introvert does not mean that he has no extroverted side. Introverts do have their extroverted side coming out when visiting others, entertaining and in many other activities, but this takes more energy than the extroverts. For extroverts these are very easy tasks, which they like so much.

A simple questionnaire to identify your type:

Introvert Extrovert

When speaking to strangers I Sometimes hesitate I find it quite easy

When I am in a new group I tend more to Listen Talk

People would call me Quite and reserved Open and easy to know

When learning about a new subject I like to Read about it Hear about it

When it comes to money I am inclined to Save Spend

When planning a dinner I prefer having 4 people 12 people

Try to decide whether you are more introverted or extraverted. After identification of the type you can move on to the 4 functions, which describe the different kinds of introversion and extraversion. These Jung called thinking, feeling, sensation and intuition.

2. Sensation & Intuition

Sensation & Intuition are the opposite ways of perceiving. Sensation is the perception of the immediate and tangible reality around us by way of seeing, hearing, touching etc. Intuition is also a perception, but of what is in the background, i.e. the hidden possibilities and implications which is similar to the way we understand inspirations and hunches. We perceive something, but we are not aware of how we got to that perception.

Common behavioural patterns

Sensation:

- Details of the environment are noticeable, for e.g. clothes of other people. Physical objects around capture the attention.

Intuition:

- When he meets another what counts is not the present moment, but the possibilities the relationship offers.

- Futuristic. (today is ok, but tomorrow; always tomorrows would be better)

A simple questionnaire to identify your type:

Intuition Sensation

I tend to Get excited about the future Savour the present moment

When I have set plans I feel somewhat tied down I am comfortable with them

If I were to work for a manufacturer I would prefer Research and design Production and distribution

I am inclined to Get involved in many projects at once Do one thing at a time

If people were to complain about me they would say I have my head in the clouds I am in a rut

People would call me Imaginative Realistic

When I find myself in a new situation I am more interested in What could happen What is happening

3. Thinking & Feeling

Thinking and feeling go together as a pair of opposite ways of making judgements. Thinking is the way of judging about the nature of things by means of our ideas, which concerns itself with the question of truth or falsity. (not the same as intelligence) Feeling is limited to a sense of rapport or lack of it by which we decide whether we like or dislike something, feel it is good or bad. (not the same as emotion)

Thinking type is someone who could proceed logically, never got flustered, always knew how to analyse a problem, and was above all rational. Feelings on the other hand meant something unstable, something you didn’t have much control over, something that couldn’t be analysed.

For Jung thinking and feeling were both equally valid and were alternative ways of making judgements. Feeling type person would say “I like it because it feels right to me”, thinking type might throw up their hands in exasperation.

A simple questionnaire to identify your type:

Thinking Feeling

People would consider me Reasonable Warm and sympathetic

When people argue I want them to Come up with a solution Stop

When someone has a problem my first reaction is to Help them work it out Sympathize

When it comes to making a decision I favour My head My heart

Sensation tells you that something exists; thinking tells you what it is. Feeling tells you whether it is agreeable or not, and intuition tells you whence it comes and where it is going.

Conclusion

The above is the base for Analytical psychology. There is a variety of personality analysis based on this foundation, namely Keirsey Temperament analysis and Myers Briggs Personality Tests. These analyses can be used to identify our strengths and weaknesses and to understand various solutions for handling or coping with various people and problematic situations we face in our life.

For further details please e-mail me so that I could send you the relevant documents.

From Sri Lanka, Kolonnawa
Dear Prof Lakshman,
I thank you very much for the simple yet clear explanation of the MBTI. I am an HR planning to use Psychometric Testing as a selection tool for my consultancy and this article was very helpful.
Regards
Ashutosh Sharma
NEMALCONS, Guwahati.

From India, Guwahati

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