Hello, What is labour Law? What will be the answer to this in an interview question?
From India, Hyderabad

Labour law mediates the relationship between workers, employing entities, trade unions and the government. Collective labour law relates to the tripartite relationship between employee, employer and union. Individual labour law concerns employees' rights at work also through the contract for work. Employment standards are social norms (in some cases also technical standards) for the minimum socially acceptable conditions under which employees or contractors are allowed to work. Government agencies (such as the former US Employment Standards Administration) enforce labour law (legislature, regulatory, or judicial).
Excellence Labour Management Services

From India, Chennai

Dear Sangeeta,
Labor Laws are that branch of Civil Jurisprudence which exclusively deal with the regulation of industrial relations between the employers and workmen, workmen and workmen and employers and employers as the case be, set down and enforce the standards of various conditions of employment and provide for formation of trade unions to promote collective bargaining in matters of mutual interests, lay down statutory measures of social security for labor and mechanism for resolution of industrial disputes through conciliation, arbitration and adjudication. In short, the collective body of labor laws are called as Labor Jurisprudence.

From India, Salem
Bhartiya Akhil

Dear Sangeeta-Meher,

Umakanthan Sir is very senior person well equipped with knowledge and experience. Whatever he say is a guiding force to all of us.

From your post what I could judge, you are aspiring for job in junior cadre at beginning of your carrier and you wanted to know what kind of questions will be asked to you in interview.

Answer by Umakanthan Sir is very right. Even the answer by Excellence Labour Management Services is right but what he talk about US Employment Standards which is not relevant in India. The entire text is copy paste from Wikipedia.

I will try to guide you in simple words so you can prepare for your interview. However, please keep in mind that unless one has self-study in the subject in depth, he can not face any interview to the fullest satisfaction.

Labour Law subject is very vast subject which we study in three years course. Still our study is incomplete.

In India, there are as many as 44 plus Labour Laws. Those are enacted by Central Government.

Apart from those 44 plus Labour Laws, there are many Labour Laws enacted by various State Governments and by some Local Governments too.

Labour Laws can be broadly classified on the basis of who enacted and on the basis of its nature.

It can also be classified on the basis of who enacted it and who enforced it.

Some of the Labour Laws are enacted and as well enforced by Central Government. Some of them are enacted by Central Government and enforced by both Central & State Governments.Some of them are enacted by Central Government & enforced by State Governments only. And some of them are enacted by particular State Government.and enforced within its jurisdiction.

Further it can be classified on the basis of:

(a) Laws governing Industrial Relations;

(b) Laws governing Wages;

(c) Laws governing Social Security;

(d) Laws governing Working Conditions & Welfare; and

(e) Law governing Welfare Cess.

It can also be classified as Principal Law and Ancillary Laws. On the basis on requirement of Licence such as Factory Act, S&E Act, BOCW Act, CLRA Act etc.

Some of the Laws are industry specific.

Every Law has rules thereunder as framed by Central Government as well the respective State Governments. Without rules no law gets enforcement effect.

Recently the Government of India has gone for codifying the existing 44 central labour laws into four codes by simplifying, amalgamating and rationalising it on recommendations of the 2nd National Commission on Labour namely 1. Code on Wages; 2. Code on Social Security & Welfare; 3. Code on Working Conditions, Safety and Health; and 4. Code on Industrial Relations.

Code on Wages is already became a Law but its implementation is not started yet. Rules under it by Central and State Governments are not finalised.

You must study all those Acts and rules thereunder. You should understand the title of each Act, It's object, it' applicability, important definitions, important provisions, benefits, obligations and duties by all the parties i.e. Employer, Employee and Government, penal provisions etc. under each one of it.

You need to update yourself on updates / amendments under it from time to time. You need to update yourself with various judicial pronouncements from time to time.

I just tried to answer you in short during spare time in lock-down. Expecting some comments by Umakanthan Sir and also by other dignitaries.

From India, Mumbai

Dear Akhil Bhartiya, Good explanations and very useful to all the beginners and experts too.
From India, Tiruchi
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