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Under THE KERALA SHOPS AND COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS ACT 1960 “employee” means a person wholly or principally employed in, and in connection with, any establishment and includes an apprentices
but there is exemption for manager as follows
3.Exemptions.-(1) Nothing contained in this Act shall apply to-
(a)persons employed in any establishment in a position of management
There may be several mangers such as Hr, Administration,Finance and so on in an establishment.So are these designations are totally exempted under THE KERALA SHOPS AND COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS ACT 1960 .Any specific court rulings upon manager defenition exists .
All inputs are welcome.

From India, Kottayam
Seasoned Ir Professional


As per Kerala Shops and Commercial Establishments Act all who are employed in and in connection with the establishment are employees. This will include managers also. However, the manager having control over the affairs of the establishment will come under the definition of Employer as defined in section 2(7) of the Act. It is to be noted that the word used here is to include only that person (single person) who is either the owner of the establishment or the manager having control over it. That means all managers by function or by mere designation will not become employer.
Truly, section 3 says that nothing in this Act will be applicable to persons in managerial positions and those whose work mainly involves travelling (sales officers). The Act provides for health, safety and welfare of employees, like hours of work,overtime payment, holidays, leaves etc. very simple, the holidays declared by the establishment will not be applicable to them, they are not entitled to overtime wages, they cannot take leave as their right,,,,,,etc etc.

From India, Kannur
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