As per Factories Act " Factory is defined in Section 2(m) of the Act. It means any premises including the precincts thereof-
Whereon ten or more workers are working, or were working on any day of the preceding twelve months, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on with the aid of power, or is ordinarily so carried on; or
Whereon twenty or more workers are working, or were working on any day of the preceding twelvemonths, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on without the aid of power, or is ordinarily so carried on.
An important necessity for any premises to be regarded as a ‘factory’ is, that a “manufacturing process” should be conducted within the premises. According to section 2(k) defines manufacturing process as:- “Manufacturing process” means process for –(i) Making, altering, repairing, oiling, washing, cleaning, ornamenting, finishing, packing, breaking up, or otherwise treating or adapting any article or substance with a view to its use, sale transport, delivery or disposal.
16th July 2018 From India, Madras
In the matter Mr Babu Alexander has described the factories act quite well to understand. Hope the above will calrify your doubts over matter.
17th July 2018 From India, Mumbai