The fact of your wife being pregnant at the time she is asked by her employer to resign on the pretext of under performance makes the situation really precarious and complicated.
Since the pregnancy is in its early stage of three months, I presume that the fact would not have been conveyed to the employer officially. However, the frequency of her approved leave and the late attendance during the last two months as stated in the post might have prompted the employer to take cue of her pregnancy. As per the latest amendment to the Maternity Benefit Act,1961 effective from 01-04-2017 the maximum period of maternity benefit stands increased to 26 weeks of which not more than 8 weeks should precede the expected date of delivery. Therefore, in order to avoid this only, the employer has taken such a hasty and faulty decision of getting rid of her services on the ground of under performance that too very soon after her confirmation in June,2017.
Of course, sec.12(1) of the MB Act,1961 prohibits the discharge or dismissal of pregnant employee only during her absence from work any time during the 26 weeks. But ss (2)(a) of sec.12 mandates that such discharge or dismissal during any time of her pregnancy should not deprive her of the maternity benefit or medical bonus. Perhaps, this legal position would have escaped the attention of the employer and hence the compulsion of her resignation or threat of dismissal on the sudden ground of under performance as a pre-emptive measure. The emerging position, therefore, is the employer has to give her maternity benefit and medical bonus even if she is dismissed on the ground of misconduct provided the fact of pregnancy should have been intimated to him formally.
Hence, my suggestions in the order of priority are:
(1) Let your wife communicate the fact of her pregnancy to her employer immediately with a medical certificate.
(2) Let her not accept the proposal of resignation at any cost.
(3) Boldly face the disciplinary proceedings, if any taken otherwise.
From India, Salem
You and your wife decide whether you want to go for a baby. If yes, ask your wife to communicate the fact of her pregnancy to her employer immediately with all medical documents(Patho test, Ultra Sound or Sonography test Report), refering the date & time of email sent earlier in this connection. Do not take a haste decission or bend upon the demand of resignation. Your game is over, if in any manner the employer able to get the resignation. The case of pregnency is the only immunity which can save her from action.
You also agree to point that there are facts stand in favour of misconduct aginst your wife for her irregular at duty due to absenting from duty and habitual late coming is cause of non-performance. Ask your wife to get the copy of standing order as an emploee she should have. The management will not leave it and they would go by as stated. It is your time to counter the proceedings. To ease your matter take a consultant.
From India, Mumbai
If the employee has really such issues warranting stern disciplinary action, the employee's pregnancy can not be a bar. However, what is important to be analysed is whether her pregnancy and the disciplinary action against her for some serious lapses on her part are just coincidental or a mere tactical and exploitative ploy adopted by the employer to deny her statutory maternity benefits. That's why sec.12 of the MB Act imposes certain restrictions on the right of the employer to fire a pregnant woman employee..
From India, Salem