One of our Client (a company) is developing an Industry and has applied and received approval from the Directorate of Factories under the Factories Act for the site layout and building plans. The construction of buildings and other infrastructure has commenced.
The definition of "Building and Other Construction Activity" under the BOCW Act specifically says that it "does not include any building or other construction work to which the provisions of the Factories 1948 or the Mines Act, 1952 apply".
In this context, can someone ps. clarify if whether the BOCW Act itself is applicable to the above works and whether the Company has to pay Labour Cess under the BOCW Act ?

From India, Hyderabad

Dear Sunil,
There is a Judgment on the same. I have the case with me. Please give me ur mail id so that i can forward.
Existing Industrial Construction is to be covered under BOCW. Cess needs to be paid for existing industry also in case any new project is constructed.
Mail me at
Jiwanjot Singh

From India, Delhi
g ganesh
Dear All,

I am an Administrative in charge working for a leading corporate of India under the construction division located in Andhra Pradesh. Would like to seek your expert opinion in the following.

We are company “ C “.Our group company “A” has got an EPC contract for about Rs.2500 Crs from customer “B”. This group Co. “A” has awarded the portion of execution of construction with materials and a portion of supply of brought out materials to us, for a value of Rs. 300 Crs. Our Contract from group co. is including materials also. Now the customer advised our group co. “A “ for compliance of BOCW Act and BOCW Cess Act. , Our group co. in turn has adviced us to comply the same.(Note: Our group co. is not doing any construction activities. They are taking care of engineering, supply of main items etc.)The entire execution is done by us and workmen also belongs to us.

Kindly advice the following:-

1. Whether the above acts are applicable either to us or to our group co.”A”.

2. If it is applicable whether the group co. is liable for the relevant provisions or we are liable.

3. On what component/amount we are liable to pay the cess ( both in the case of our liability or group co’s liability) i.e whether on the total CV or on the contract value after deducting supplies amount.

Note: Supplies amount means the amount to be claimed by us directly (other than the amount of execution)for the supply items procured for some special job.

Materials means all construction materials required for job like steel, bulk materials etc.




From India, Kakinada

Dear Ganesh ,

As per my understanding , following are the appropriate point wise answers to your queries:

1. Act applies to you if you have registered yourself as an employer under BOCW Act. There is no contractor/ subcontractor etc defined in BOCW. One who has registered as Employer in BOCW Act is laible to pay cess and comply to the Act.

2. As discussed in above point.

3. You should pay the interim amount of Cess on the Construction Cost only and not on supplies. However on completion of project , you are to get Assessment done from Assessing Authority and pay the differential Amount. Though there is no clarity on the same in Law as it says that Cess is applicable on all costs except Land & Compensation. However it doesn't make sense that you pay Cess on the supply material. Though many constrution companies have already appealed against the same in Courts but High Court's decision is still pending on the same.

So I suggest to get the final assessment done from Assessing authority and depositing interim cess amount on construction cost only.


Jiwanjot Singh

( Email: )

From India, Delhi
Dear Ganesh

Essentially it is the liability on the Customer, that they have to deduct 1% on the bills payable and remit to the Govt. Generally, the customer would tend to pass it on to the Contractor (your Gr. company) as in your case. Ofcourse your Gr. company has passed it on to you.

Though BOCW defines the term 'contractor' which also includes a sub-contractor, when it comes to applicability of Cess, everyone (either the customer, contractor or sub-contractor) is the same as pointed by Jiwanjot. Any, one of you have to remit the labour cess to the Govt. Since the buck is passed on to you, you need to get registered as the 'Employer' and comply with BOCW Act and BOCW Cess Act for the component assigned to you.

I'd assume that your Gr. company has an agreement with customer and in turn you have an agreement with your Gr. company. i.e., You bill to your Gr. Company and your Gr. company inturn bills to the Customer. If so, you may want to ensure that you add 1% to your bills as Labour Cess component and your Gr. company does similarly to the Customer. This is considering that the agreement value between your Gr. company and customer and inturn with you is excluding taxes, duties, cess etc. If the value is inclusive of all taxes, duties etc., and missed out on adding the 1% cess, then your Gr. company has lost 1%. You may want to ensure that this is not passed on to you.



From India, Hyderabad

Sir,we are a power generating company having our existing power producing units covered under the factories act.We are constructing additional units in the same premises.we require guidance on the following points: 1)Whether the factories act or the BOCW(RE & CS ) ACT 1996 shall be applicable for construction activities? 2)the main package contractor neither engages any construction worker nor supplies any construction worker but gets all the job done by engaging SUB CONTRACTORS under the circumstances who will be the employer if THE BOCW (RE &CS ) ACT 1996 stands applicable for us? 3)Who will be responsible for statutory compliances in respect of THE CL (R &A ) ACT 1970. may kindly enlighten us in the matter.with regards,GOUTAM MAJUMDER.
From India, Suri
Dear Jiwanjot,
kindly mail the copy of judgement to my mail id also
we have also received verbal instructions to deposit the cess and we are covered under factories act.
that judgment will be helpful for us to decide further course of action.

From India, Chennai

Dear All, Can any one provide me application from of BOWC act 1996. RAGHU
From India, Bhopal
Sir I am already registered s as Principal Employer under CLRA act 1971.Wheather me or my contractors have to again register/obtain labour licence under the BOCW act 1996? Anil
From India, Bangalore

During the construction phase of an Industrial establishment, the unit does not acquire the status of a Factory. Once the commercial operations started, the unit is covered under Factories Act. Hence, BOCW is applicable during construction phase. There is a HC judgement against Sterlite at Odhisha wherein the court has ruled the applicability of BOCW.
From India, Lucknow
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