Answer for what is personality?
Personality is the sum total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others. The total personality or 'psyche' as it is called by Jung, consists of a number of differentiated but interacting systems. The principal ones are the:
2. Personal Unconscious
3. Collective Unconscious and its archetypes
In addition to these interdependent systems , there are attitudes of introversion and extraversion, as well as the functions of thinking, feeling, sensing and intuition.
Finally, there is the "self" which is the center of the whole personality
Ego: The ego is the conscious mind. It is made up of conscious perceptions, memories, thoughts and feelings. The ego is responsible for one's feeling of identity and continuity being at the center of consciousness.
Personal Unconscious: It consists of experience that were once conscious but which have been forgotten, suppressed, repressed or ignored, and of experiences that were too weak in the first place to make a conscious impression upon the person.
Collective Experience: The collective conscious is the storehouse of latent memory traces inherited from man's ancestral past. It is almost entirely detached from anything personal in the life of an individual and is seemingly universal. What a person learns as a result of his experience is substantially influenced by the collective unconscious which exercises a guiding or selective influence over the behaviour of the person, from the very beginning of life.
An archetype is a universal thought form which contains a large element of emotion. Archetype itself is a product of racial experience. There are presumed to be numerous archetypes in the collective unconscious.
Jung distinguishes two major attitudes or orientations of personality; the attitude of extraversion and the attitude of introversion. The extraverted attitude orients the person towards the external, objective world; the introverted attitude orients the person towards the inner, subjective world. These two opposing attitudes are both present in the personality, but ordinarily one of them is dominant and conscious while the other is subordinate and unconscious.
There are four fundamental psychological functions: thinking, feeling, sensing and intuiting. Thinking is ideational and intellectual. Feeling is the evaluation function; it is the value of things, whether positive or negative, with reference to the subject. The feeling function gives man his subjective experiences of pleasure and pain, of anger, fear, sorrow, joy and love. Sensing is the perceptual or reality function. It yields concrete facts or representations of the world. Intuition is perception by way of unconscious processes and subliminal contents. The intuitive man goes beyond facts, feelings and ideas in his search for the essence of reality.
The self is the mid-point of personality, around which all of the other systems are constellated. It holds these systems together and provides the personality unity, equilibrium and stability. The self is life's goal, a goal that people constantly strive for but rarely reach. Before the self can emerge it is necessary for the various components of the personality to become fully developed and individuated.
13th July 2005 From India, Hyderabad