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Good Morning, Seniors / Advisors. I am a Civil contractor and want to understand how we can deduct PF and ESI from the payments made to our Subcontractors. If we deduct the PF and ESI as applicable, how do we remit them to the department since the payments will be in part and not complete wages for any particular month?

Our subcontractor does not have employees covered under ESI and PF, so since we make part payments to them, it is not possible for us to have employee-wise payment details.

Pls, advise how we can comply with this situation.


From India, Bengaluru

Hi Rajesh,

When it comes to deducting Provident Fund (PF) and Employee State Insurance (ESI) from payments made to subcontractors, it's crucial to ensure compliance with relevant labor laws and regulations. Here's a general guideline on how you can handle this situation:

Understanding PF and ESI applicability: First, ensure that PF and ESI are applicable to your subcontractors based on the number of employees they have and their turnover. If they don't have any employees covered under PF and ESI, then there's no need to deduct these contributions.

Deduction calculation: If PF and ESI are applicable, calculate the deductions based on the payments made to subcontractors. Typically, PF is deducted at a certain percentage of the basic wage, and ESI is deducted at a certain percentage of the gross salary. However, since your subcontractors may not have fixed wages, you may need to negotiate a fixed amount or a percentage of the total payment to cover these deductions.

Documenting deductions: Document the deductions clearly in your payment agreements with subcontractors. Specify the amounts deducted for PF and ESI in each payment made to them.

Remittance to the department: Since you're making part payments to subcontractors and may not have employee-wise payment details, you can remit the total deductions for PF and ESI to the respective departments on behalf of your subcontractors. Ensure that you maintain accurate records of the deductions made and the payments remitted.

Consultation with legal and financial experts: It's advisable to consult with legal and financial experts who specialize in labor laws and taxation to ensure compliance with regulations specific to your jurisdiction. They can provide tailored advice based on the nature of your subcontractor agreements and local regulations.

Regular review and updates: Keep abreast of any changes in labor laws and regulations related to PF and ESI to ensure ongoing compliance. Regularly review your subcontractor agreements and payment processes to incorporate any necessary updates.

By following these steps and seeking professional guidance as needed, you can ensure compliance with PF and ESI regulations while making payments to subcontractors.


From India, Bangalore

Better to select sub-contractor who have PF & ESIC Code. If possible change the Sub-Contractor in future.

For the time being deposit PF & ESI in the code of the contractor.

PF & ESI contribution are paid on actual earing in a particular month. Therefore, whatever actual earning - PF & ESIC contribution will be paid on that.

S K Bandyopadhyay ( WB, Howrah )
CEO-USD HR Solutions
+91 98310 81531

From India, New Delhi
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