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Hello Gentlemen, Our Management wants to reduce the manpower and in this regard, we have identified some people to be removed from the organization. I need your expert advice on the below points

1. Is it advisable to remove an employee owing to management's decision to reduce the manpower as per factory act

2. If it is accepted as per the factory act, what is the procedure to follow to remove an employee so that there shouldn't be any legal complications

Your advice will be of much helpful.

From India, Coimbatore

If the persons identified to be removed are managers, then you can give them notice (as per contract of employment) and ask them to go. At the same time, if they are workers, you should follow the procedures outlined in Industrial Disputes Act (not Factories Act because the Factories Act is an Act which provides for welfare, safety, health etc of the workers employed and it has nothing to do with employee disputes or retrenchment)

As per Industrial Disputes Act, you can retrench the employees if you find that there is over staff. But you cannot select and terminate the workers to be retrenched but it should be the last worker in a particular department or division who should be terminated first. Again, if the termination is due to redundancy or over staffing, then no person should be appointed in the place of workers you have retrenched. In case, if the business situation improves and you require additional manpower, it should be the workers who were retrenched who should be appointed then. You can not take freshers/ new persons for that position. Moreover, if you have more than 100 workers in your factory, even to retrench one worker, you should get approval from the government. Certainly, if the number of workers is less than 100, only an intimation of your move to retrench workers to the government (Labour Department) is sufficient. In the case of factories employing 100 or more employees, the notice required to be given to retrench the workmen is three months. If you do not give three months notice, you should pay salary of three months in lieu of notice. In addition to this notice pay, you have to pay retrenchment compensation at the rate of 15 days salary for every completed year of service of the workers whose services have been terminated. This is in addition to gratuity which is payable to those who have completed 5 years' service.

From India, Kannur

Hi Rajesh,
It's essential to consult with legal professionals or human resources specialists in your jurisdiction to ensure compliance with local labor laws and regulations.

Legal Considerations:

In many jurisdictions, reducing manpower solely based on management's decision might not be sufficient or legal. There are usually specific criteria and processes outlined in labor laws that must be followed to terminate employees.
Ensure that your organization complies with all relevant labour laws, including any provisions related to downsizing, retrenchment, or layoffs.

Procedure for Employee Termination:
Consult Legal Counsel: Seek advice from legal professionals to understand the specific regulations and requirements applicable to your situation.

Develop a Clear Policy:
Establish a clear policy outlining the criteria for employee termination. This policy should align with local labour laws and be communicated to all employees.
Provide Notice or Severance Pay: Depending on local laws, you may be required to provide advance notice or compensation in lieu of notice. Ensure compliance with these requirements.
Fair and Transparent Process: Implement a fair and transparent process for selecting employees for termination. This may include considering factors such as performance, seniority, or specific skills needed for the organization.

Consult with Employees:
If possible, consider discussing the situation with employees and seeking their input. This may not only help in maintaining a positive employer-employee relationship but also provide valuable insights.
Document the Process: Keep detailed records of the decision-making process, including the criteria used for selecting employees for termination. This documentation can be crucial in case of legal challenges.

Communicate the decision clearly and empathetically to the affected employees. Provide information on the reasons for the decision and any available support services.

Support Services:
Offer support services such as outplacement assistance, counseling, or job placement assistance to help affected employees transition to new employment.

As per , labour laws can vary widely by location, and it's crucial to consult with legal professionals to ensure that your organization's actions are in compliance with the applicable laws and regulations.


From India, Bangalore
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