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Bhardwaj Ramesh

Dear Friengs,
‘To say accidents are due to human failing is like saying falls are due to gravity. It is true but it does not help us prevent them’ Trevor Kletz
Aim today is to present methods that are known to help identify human failure in accident investigation and prevent reoccurrence
Not a black art, a pragmatic and robust process

From India, New Delhi
Attached Files (Download Requires Membership)
File Type: ppt Human Factors in Accident Investigation.ppt (682.5 KB, 485 views)

Process Industry Consultant / Soft Skill
Bhardwaj Ramesh
Assistant General Manager-hr&admn
Safety Consultant


Hello Mr Bhardwaj Ramesh,
Thank you for this very good presentation.
It presents several nuances to distinguish Slip, Mistake, Lapse etc.
The process diagram is a good eye opener.
Certainly taking this approach would help to build a stronger system in retrospect.

From India

Dear RB
It was again good one...
@ All
What your thinking / opinion about Behavioural Based Safety? Will it can bring changes into the Safety Culture of an Organization or not?
Any case studies on this topic?
Anyone interested for a debate on this topic please come forward...

From India
Bhardwaj Ramesh

Dear Dipil,

Behavior-based safety is a safety management system that specifies exactly which behaviors are required from each employee. These behaviors are geared toward a safer work environment. The system must have controls in place which will measure whether or not these behaviors exist as a routine element in the work environment. Acceptable behaviors must be positively reinforced frequently and immediately as the behavior occurs.

Behavior Is What a Person Does or Says. What Causes a Person to Take This Particular Behavior or Course of Action Depends On Other Influencing Factors. Attitude and Situational Conditions Cause The Particular Behavior.

The following factors influeces the behaviour :






Situational Conditions.






Any other point

Behavior Must Be Observed to Begin to Understand Current Behavior and Develop Lists of Acceptable (Safe) Behaviors. The Lists of Acceptable Behavior Will Be Used in Determining Safe Behaviors in the Future. Someone Is Always New or Young or Unfamiliar With Why They Are Being Observed. Determining Safe Behaviors Is a Never-Ending Process. Your List of Safe Behaviors Will Vary by Job or Department and Will Change As Work Conditions or Equipment Change.

Reinforcement Is Any Consequence That Increases the Likelihood That the Behavior It Follows Will Occur in the Future. In Other Words, If You Promote a Behavior and Make Someone Feel Good About Performing That Behavior, or Give Them a Reason to Perform That Behavior, Its Occurrence in the Future Will Likely Increase.

As Safety professionals we should keep into consideration the following behavioral reinforcing points

1. Reinforce Frequently, and In Public.

2. Reinforce ONLY for Acceptable Behavior.

3. Reinforce Immediately, Never Wait.

4. Reinforce During the Safe Behavior if Possible.

5. Be Specific About the Reinforced Behavior.

6. Give Non-Verbal Positive Cues. (Nods, Smiles etc.)

7. Be Totally Positive.

8. Be Sincere. People See a Lot, But Don’t Say a Lot.

9. Accentuate The Positive.

When a Persons Attitude Changes, His or Her Behavior Will Typically Follow. Assuming He or She Has Adequate Knowledge of the Safe Working Conditions in the Work Environment. When You Eliminate Every Other Reason for Unacceptable Behavior, What Is Left It Attitudinal.If a Person Understands That His or Her Safety at Work is Controllable in a Measurable Way, Acceptance of Safety as an Essential Part of the Work Environment Will Be Increased. Safe Attitudes and Behaviors Will Naturally Follow.

You Can’t Influence Employee Behavior If Contact Is Too Infrequent or Limited. Reinforcement Must Happen Frequently. If Acceptable Behavior Is Not Reinforced As It Happens, and If Corrective Instruction Is Not Direct and Specific, Behavior May Not Be Changed.

Also, Responsibility for Safety Is in No Way Shifted Entirely From Management to the Employee. Safety Is Still the Shared Responsibility Between Management and All Other Company Employees.

Once Safe Attitudes are a Normal Element in the Work Environment, Behavior Will Be Influenced. Then, Peers and Coworkers Expect Each Other To Practice Safety as a Part of Work and Not a Requirement of Work.At This Point Coworkers Will Expect Each Other’s Protection and Accident Rates Will Decrease.

With Best Regards

From India, New Delhi

Dear RB
Thanks for the input.
So according to your input what I could understood is that BBS is a good management tool which can help bring change in the work culture. Great..
If anyone in our forum having different opinion please come forward.

From India
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