I will try to explain in brief for your query.
To calculate HRA ( House Rent Allowance ) following steps are to be considered
1) Actual HRA Received
2) 40% of basic ( in case of Metropolitan city 50% (Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai)
5) Actual Rent Paid -10% of Basic Salary
In among all which ever is less to be considered for HRA exemption.
About TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) it is nothing but tax deduction from employee or from Rent, Consultants, contractors etc..
To deduct tax from employee foremost we have to compute his total income in separate format which is designed specially for calculating of employee tax liability for the particular financial year. I have attached the same for calculating of employee tax liability.
TDS about Consultants, Contracts, Rent there are some specified percentage has given Income Tax Department for doing the same according to that we have to deduct from them before making payment.
Current Rates are as follows
For Consultants (194J): 10%, Contractors (194C): 2%. Rent (194I): 10% for Buildings and for Plant and Machinery 2%.
I hope you are clear now.
On gross salary the following deductions are applicable.
1) Professional Tax
2) House Rent in excess of 1/10th of salary subject to ceiling equivalent to HRA
3) Interest on Housing loan subject to ceiling Rs. 1,50,000.
4) Refund on Housing loan, savings, tution fee to 2 children etc. altogether subject to ceiling Rs.100,000.
5) In addition savings on infrastructure bonds upto Rs. 20,000.
6) Other than the above one lakh, 15000 to 20000 towards medi claim premium, 40000 to 60000 towards treatment on specified diseases like Motor Neuron disease, 75000 to 100,000 towards disabilty etc. are also admissible for deduction.
The details can be obtained from following web site.
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES NEWS: New Income Tax Slab for FY 2010-11
Now taxable income can be calculated as follows.
Gross salary - total deductions = Taxable income
Tax payee can be categorised into 3.
1) Non Seniors - Male
2) Non Seniors - Female
3) Senior Citizens (65 years old & above)
If the taxable income is Rs. 2,40,000, a Senior Citizen is fully exempted from paying tax. Non Senior Female has to pay in excess of Rs.1,90,000 & Non Senior Male in excess of Rs.1,60,000.
Beyond the above income, one has to pay 10% upto Rs.5,00,000, 20% there after upto Rs.8,00,000 and 30% in excess of Rs.8,00,000. In addition, an education cess @ 3% will be charged on Total Tax.
I shall quote on example.
Gross income of a Non Senior Male - Rs. 12,00,000
Deductions (actual) : Professional Tax - 12000, Housing loan interest - 2,00,000, Total savings/deductions - 2,50,000, Savings on Infrastructure bond - 25,000, other deductions over 1,00,000 - 50,000.
Admissible total deductions (subject to ceiling limits) - 12000+150000+100000+20000+50000 = 332000
Taxable income, 1200000 - 332000 = 868000
For Non Senior Male :
Rs. 1,60,000 is exempted.
For next 340000 (500000-160000), 340000x10% = 34000 -(1)
For next 300000 (800000-500000), 300000x20% = 60000 -(2)
For next 68000 (868000-800000), 68000x30%= 20400 -(3)
Tax - (1)+(2)+(3) = 114400
Also For Non Senior Female Tax is, 114400-3000 = 110400
and Senior Citizens Tax is, 114400-8000 = 106400
Education Cess, 114400*3% = 3432.
Total Tax - Rs. 1,17,832
See Excel Sheet. Enter gross salary and deductions/savings applicable in green colour column. Results will be occured in yellow colour. The red colour is used for static datas.
ITI Employees' Association ,
ITI Ltd, PALAKKAD - 678 623,
Ph. +91 9447 467 667