Employee Welfare Measures:
We have to keep the employee attached to the organization and towards this keep them happy to the extent possible. The medicine is welfare measures. Welfare measures are over and above the wages paid to employees. These include improved working conditions, health care facilities, insurance for self and family, recreation facilities, improved industrial relations and so on. These measures may not be in the form of monetary benefits.
All these measures are aimed at:
Keeping the workers happy and satisfied, to provide better employment life and health to workers, reduce stress situations, improve intellectual, cultural and materials conditions,
Welfare measures are as follows:
Welfare measures are provided mainly by the employers. However government schemes, social set up and charitable agencies may also extent their help all aimed at improving employee health, economic betterment and social status.
There are reasonable welfare measures available to employees through statutory provisions. In most cases collective bargaining helps to improve the degree of welfare facilities.
The welfare measures are not rigid. It will be changing all the time. It reflects the personality of the Welfare Officer on his vision, creativity and understanding the spirit of his work ethics.
The welfare measures may also help develop the personality of employees to certain extent.
Motive behind providing welfare schemes is to create efficient, healthy, loyal and satisfied labor force for the organization.
The important welfare measures can be detained as follows:
Housing schemes, medical benefits, education and recreation facilities for workers’ families help in raising their standards of living. Because the welfare of their families is taken care of workers pay more attention towards work increasing their productivity.
Employees become loyal to the employer. They will stick on. They start taking active interest in their jobs and work with a feeling of involvement and participation.
There are statutory and non-statutory welfare schemes.
Under the Factories Act and Rules, Dock worker’s Act, Mines Act etc there are certain provisions on Welfare. These are to be complied with failing which legal proceedings will be initiated against the employer. Even appointment of Labor Welfare Officer where more than 500 workers are employed is statutory requirement.
STATUTORY WELFARE SCHEMES
The statutory welfare schemes include the following provisions:
1. Drinking Water: 2. Facilities for sitting: 3. First aid appliances: 4. Latrines and Urinals:
5. Canteen facilities: 6. Spittoons: 7. lighting: 8. Washing places: 9. changing rooms:
10. Rest rooms etc
NON STATUTORY SCHEMES
Housing, recreation facilities, and all that one can imagine can be extended to the workers under welfare scheme. Some industries provide schools and college, sports clubs and teams of their own, scholarships for employees’ children etc. all aimed at one thing – keep the employee and get their work done.
It is too big a subject. You can go through statutes and use your imagination.
Hope it gives some light to your need.
14th March 2010 From India, Kollam