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I would like to confirm the benefits and liabilities between a sole proprietor firm, a private limited company and other types of licensed firms such as a Corporate firm. I would like to know since my son and daughter-in-law have shown interest in taking over my firm. I am wondering whether to keep it as a sole proprietorship and give them executive authority or make it a private limited firm with a certain number of directors including my wife and myself?

Furthermore, during a friendly chat, someone informed me that the liability of a private limited firm was much lower than of a sole proprietorship firm? Can someone please elaborate?

From India, Pune

A sole proprietary firm would render the sole proprietor to be personally liable for the liabilities of the firm. There is no distinction between the firm and the proprietor, in other words, in such cases. The alternate is to have a registered partnership as per the Partnership Act 1932 wherein the inter-se liability between the partners will be determined based on the partnership deed. There is also an option to go for Limited Liability Partnership (LLP), governed by the Limited Liability Partnership Act 2008. In an LLP, the partners have limited liability, whereas in a partnership the liability of the partners is unlimited. The third alternative is to have a company registered as per the Companies Act 2013, either as public limited company or as private limited company. It is suggested to consider Limited liability Partnership or Private Limited Company, as the liability will be limited to the share holding held by the limited share holders. For more details you can contact a Company Secretary.
From India, Mumbai
A company is like a legal entity that follows certain laws. If you own a company, registering it will provide you with many advantages over a sole proprietorship firm or partnership firm. And you can also secure your company with legal protection from the Indian government.
Benefits of Registering a Company
We've covered some of the benefits of registering your company in India below:
1) Legal Protection: Public limited company registration protects your assets from business debts and legal liabilities. You can secure your assets, such as savings, a home, or a car, with legal laws. It provides you peace of mind in case of financial issues with your company.
2) Credibility: If your company is registered, it shows trust and honesty in the eyes of your customers, suppliers, and investors while they do business with you. Your registered company will help boost your stakeholders' confidence, empowering you to maintain a successful business relationship with everyone.
3) Access to Finance: A registered company has an advantage when seeking financial support from banks, investors, and government programs. And these entities will help to give you the right support from their side such as in loans, fundraising, and other essential assistance. That will eventually assist you accelerate sustainable growth in your business.
4) Tax Benefits: Company registration helps business professionals take advantage of many government schemes. It empowers them to enhance their protection, reliably and credibly of business.
You can take advantage of certain taxes, such as startup income tax. These taxes aim to empower business growth and provide business people with more resources for their operations.
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From India, New Delhi
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