is a psychological state that binds an individual to the organization. It refers to the likelihood that an individual will stick to the organization, feel psychologically attached to it, whether the job is satisfying or not.
Companies often mistake employee retention for Commitment. It would be wrong to say that an employee who stays with the company is committed.
The various forms of commitment coexist simultaneously, yet are distinguishable from each other. Affective Commitment
Have you ever heard anybody saying that ‘ I work for this organization because people are great here and that the work is fun’...??
If yes, then that employee is emotionally attached to the workplace. Such an employee has the mindset of identifying with the organization.
Individuals with affective commitment stay with the organizations because they want to. Normative Commitment
The mindset that operates in this case is that of obligation. Such individuals have internalized a set of norms concerning appropriate conduct. And, when they are recipient of benefits (personal favors etc), they experience a need to reciprocate.
Individuals with normative commitment stay with organizations because they feel they should. Continuance Commitment
If you have come across anyone saying ‘one of the reasons I continue working for this organization is that leaving this place would require considerable personal sacrifice – another organization may not match the overall benefits I have here’.
Such form of binding reflects Continuance Commitment. The mindset playing here is the perceived cost of leaving like good pay, other forms of benefits, established networks, image etc
Individuals with such mindset stay with the organization because they need to.
I would be looking forward to thoughts/ Comments from Cite members.
Bhavna www.vinove.com 15th November 2007 From India, Delhi