Commitment is a psychological state that binds an individual to the organization. It refers to the likelihood that an individual will stick to the organization, feel psychologically attached to it, whether the job is satisfying or not.
Companies often mistake employee retention for Commitment. It would be wrong to say that an employee who stays with the company is committed.
The various forms of commitment coexist simultaneously, yet are distinguishable from each other.
Have you ever heard anybody saying that ‘ I work for this organization because people are great here and that the work is fun’...??
If yes, then that employee is emotionally attached to the workplace. Such an employee has the mindset of identifying with the organization.
Individuals with affective commitment stay with the organizations because they want to.
The mindset that operates in this case is that of obligation. Such individuals have internalized a set of norms concerning appropriate conduct. And, when they are recipient of benefits (personal favors etc), they experience a need to reciprocate.
Individuals with normative commitment stay with organizations because they feel they should.
If you have come across anyone saying ‘one of the reasons I continue working for this organization is that leaving this place would require considerable personal sacrifice – another organization may not match the overall benefits I have here’.
Such form of binding reflects Continuance Commitment. The mindset playing here is the perceived cost of leaving like good pay, other forms of benefits, established networks, image etc
Individuals with such mindset stay with the organization because they need to.
I would be looking forward to thoughts/ Comments from Cite members.
Am also looking for a further insight on this topic. But would like to thank you for a groundbreaking presentation on types of commitment.
Wld want to conduct a research on this topic-esp. in an environment where employees are conducting private jobs using their own registered companies. Sometimes you need to know why the employees do not quit employment, and still reflect a good approach towards their work.
These employees even perform better at most times.
To solicit for more contributions I've opened another thread-Employee commitment and Private Jobs.....whats the Link?
From Zimbabwe, Harare
If you are knowledgeable about any fact, resource or experience related to this topic - please add your views.