Make in India is a prestigious program of our current Government, may be because of a conviction that such a initiative is a befitting reply not only to slow GDP and FDI but also to growing problem of unemployment. This program aims to transform India into a global hub of manufacturing to rapidly create more manufacturing jobs for the masses,for the demographic dividend to not turn into a demographic nightmare.
We have the highest young workforce available in the world and yet it is in throes of an acute shortage of skilled and trained people in the manufacturing and service sector. Mass youth is unskilled. Creating jobs and skill development for filling these jobs is the one biggest challenge for the success of the program because creating jobs and providing skills for those jobs are two different things.
Skilling program has to be both institutionalized and corporatized. Single one model is not going to achieve the objective. Skill sets for uneducated and educated workforce are different. Corporates have their own perception about skill sets. They look in workforce something more than requisite technical education because education is not synonymous with skills. For them “something more” is the attitude ,a person wears which includes flexibility, adaptability ,ownership of job ,sincerity, willing to sacrifice for productivity and self discipline. This comes from core values, a person inherits and develops from family and surrounding environment.
Manufacturing sector is prone to labour unrest. While creating jobs and skills for masses to make this program a success, self discipline among masses is a must. In a democracy like ours, regulatory reforms are not easy to put in place. Many stakeholders interests are to be guarded with check and balance but should there be any flexibility allowed in the matter of discipline? It has to be kept in mind that first casualty of indiscipline at workplace is the productivity loss, erosion of work culture and ultimately job loss.Why not we all agree to make a case of putting moratorium for a period on strikes and lock outs? Why not performance , hard work and productivity of everyone should be on to top agenda in manufacturing sector? For the time being leave apart the big labour reforms. At least these small steps can be taken. No industry and no job can survive with out developing a culture of discipline and national interest. If on one side we allow manufacturing to grow for job creation and on the other side we do not check the indiscipline and take it with a sympathetic attitude, we may witness not a rule of law to govern but of crowd governance which would be very alarming.
Why manufacturing is moving towards automation and robotics? Only for productivity? Not solely. Replacing men with machines may not be a idea to be fully appreciated in a country like ours but this may prove to be an impediment in achieving the program objectives. Automation can only be discouraged by reducing the trust deficit between employers and unions/employees. Both need to understand and appreciate the requirements of changing times. Conflicts are capable of killing the dream of job creation.
This time, cover story on jobs & skills for make in India is presented by and with the assistance of the persons working and witnessing the ups and downs of this biggest ever problem of the country.They will take you to divergent shades/views and perspectives of the subject as a whole.
From India, Delhi
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