You got a good topic but it very tough too. All te very best for your project.
Accident analysis is carried out in order to determine the cause or causes of an accident or series of accidents so as to prevent further incidents of a similar kind. It is also known as accident investigation.
Accident analysis is performed in four steps:
Fact gathering: After an accident happened a forensic process starts to gather all possibly relevant facts that may contribute to understanding the accident.
Fact Analysis: After the forensic process has been completed or at least delivered some results, the facts are put together to give a "big picture." The history of the accident is reconstructed and checked for consistency and plausibility.
Conclusion Drawing: If the accident history is sufficiently informative, conclusions can be drawn about causation and contributing factors.
Counter-measures: In some cases the development of counter-measures is desired or recommendations have to be issued to prevent further accidents of the same kind.
There exist numerous forms of Accident Analysis methods. These can be divided into three categories:
Causal Analysis uses the principle of causality to determine the course of events. Though people casually speak of a "chain of events", results from Causal Analysis usually have the form of directed a-cyclic graphs-the nodes being events and the edges the cause-effect relations. Methods of Causal Analysis differ in their respective notion of causation.
Expert Analysis relies on the knowledge and experience of field experts. This form of analysis usually lacks a rigorous (formal/semiformal) methodological approach. This usually affects falsify-ability and objectivity of analyses. This is of importance when conclusions are heavily disputed among experts.
Organizational Analysis relies on systemic theories of organization. Most theories imply that if a system's behaviour stayed within the bounds of the ideal organization then no accidents can occur. Organizational Analysis can be falsified and results from analyses can be checked for objectivity. Choosing an organizational theory for accident analysis comes from the assumption that the system to be analysed conforms to that theory.
I had sending a document of 12 steps accident prevention to your mail box (I think it was copyright material we can't share copy right material in our forum already i did mistake one time).
Take a look on second page of document you will get a link of Additional resources.
Keep on touch. All the very best for your project.
First of all sorry for being late in replying to you... However Raghu has been updating you and helping you on time with great resources...
However I just want to add up few inputs which I come into my mind... May be helpful to you...
Accident Analysis is something we have to do after an accident happen and Accident Prevention is all about how to prevent Accident from occurring... I would like to advice you in giving more importance to the later, ie. Accident Prevention... It's all about Safety Management... How you manage things to ensure an accident free environment... Different companies having different ways of safety management... It's a top driven initiative... If the company top officials not realize and open their minds it would be very difficult then to think even about Accident Analysis... You might not even get figures of how many LTI's or Fatal Accidents took place, analysis is very far in this stage... So if you have a proper Safety Management, Accident analysis also a part of it...
Think of it... Try to gather some data... If possible visit some factory with their permissions... Study about the Safety Management System...
All the very best for your project... Any further input you required come up with specific questions... Hopefully any of our forum members will help you...
@Raghu: Great helping mentality... Keep on doing the good work and let's make this platform alive...