I have grounding presentation and articles for grounding on electrical items
Grounding regarding towers and lighthning operations
And grounding relating to protection on pipelines to prevent corrrosion and protection
Which field do or would you like
12th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Lets talk safety when working around electricity

the key is doing the hazard assessment first

A lot of good people have been hurt not assessing the risks

On top of grounding and making sure items are properly connected a lot of place ( usually poor countries or communities ) will have kids or people stealing ground rods or copper wire from sites because of the huge value on the open market this is very common around electrical plants or power generator stations or on pipeline areas were grounding is in place to protect pipelines If in doubt always loto all lines before inspecting or use the proper APPROVED METERS

Why is it so important to work safely with or near electricity?

The electrical current in regular businesses and homes has enough power to cause death by electrocution. Even changing a light bulb without unplugging the lamp can be hazardous because coming in contact with the "hot" or live part of the socket could kill a person.

What do I need to know about electricity?

All electrical systems have the potential to cause harm. Electricity can be either "static" or "dynamic" Dynamic electricity is the uniform motion of electrons through a conductor (this is known as electric current). Conductors are materials that allow the movement of electricity through it. Most metals are conductors. This document is about dynamic electricity.

Note: Static electricity is accumulation of charge on surfaces as a result of contact and friction with another surface. This contact/friction causes an accumulation of electrons on one surface, and a deficiency of electrons on the other surface. Electric current cannot exist without an unbroken path to and from the conductor. Electricity will form a "path" or "loop". When you plug in a device (e.g., a power tool), the electricity takes the easiest path from the plug-in, to the tool, and back to the power source. This is also known as creating or completing an electrical circuit.

What kinds of injuries result from electrical currents?

People are injured when they become part of the electrical circuit. Humans are more conductive than the earth (the ground we stand on) which means if there is no other easy path, electricity will try to flow through our bodies.

There are four main types of injuries: electrocution (fatal), electric shock, burns, and falls. These injuries can happen in various ways:

• Direct contact with the electrical energy. When electricity travels through our bodies, it can interfere with the normal electrical signals between the brain and our muscles (e.g., heart may stop beating properly, breathing may stop, or muscles may spasm).

• When the electricity arcs (jumps, or "arcs") through a gas (such as air) to a person who is grounded (that would provide an alternative route to the ground for the electricity).

• Arc flashes result in intense heat (causing burns), intense light (can cause blindness), or ignition of other materials.

• Arc blasts cause the same conditions as an arc flash, but are more intense and can also include a strong pressure wave. These pressure waves can damage machinery, throw a person, collapse a lung or rupture ear drums.

• Thermal burns including flash burns from heat generated by an electric arc, and flame burns from materials that catch on fire from heating or ignition by electrical currents. High voltage contact burns can burn internal tissues while leaving only very small injuries on the outside of the skin.

• Muscle contractions, or a startle reaction, can cause a person to fall from a ladder, scaffold or aerial bucket. The fall can cause serious injuries.

What are some general safety tips for working with or near electricity?

• Inspect tools, power cords, and electrical fittings for damage or wear prior to each use. Repair or replace damaged equipment immediately.

• Always tape cords to walls or floors when necessary. Nails and staples can damage cords causing fire and shock hazards.

• Use cords or equipment that is rated for the level of amperage or wattage that you are using.

• Always use the correct size fuse. Replacing a fuse with one of a larger size can cause excessive currents in the wiring and possibly start a fire.

• Be aware that unusually warm or hot outlets may be a sign that unsafe wiring conditions exists. Unplug any cords to these outlets and do not use until a qualified electrician has checked the wiring.

• Always use ladders made of wood or other non-conductive materials when working with or near electricity or power lines.

• Place halogen lights away from combustible materials such as cloths or curtains. Halogen lamps can become very hot and may be a fire hazard.

• Risk of electric shock is greater in areas that are wet or damp. Install Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs) as they will interrupt the electrical circuit before a current sufficient to cause death or serious injury occurs.

• Make sure that exposed receptacle boxes are made of non-conductive materials.

• Know where the breakers and boxes are located in case of an emergency.

• Label all circuit breakers and fuse boxes clearly. Each switch should be positively identified as to which outlet or appliance it is for.

• Do not use outlets or cords that have exposed wiring.

• Do not use power tools with the guards removed.

• Do not block access to circuit breakers or fuse boxes.

• Do not touch a person or electrical apparatus in the event of an electrical accident. Always disconnect the current first.

What are some tips for working with power tools?

• Switch tools OFF before connecting them to a power supply.

• Disconnect power supply before making adjustments.

• Ensure tools are properly grounded or double-insulated. The grounded tool must have an approved 3-wire cord with a 3-prong plug. This plug should be plugged in a properly grounded 3-pole outlet.

• Test all tools for effective grounding with a continuity tester or a ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) before use.

• Do not bypass the switch and operate the tools by connecting and disconnecting the power cord.

• Do not use electrical tools in wet conditions or damp locations unless tool is connected to a GFCI.

• Do not clean tools with flammable or toxic solvents.

• Do not operate tools in an area containing explosive vapours or gases, unless they are intrinsically safe and only if you follow the manufacturer's guidelines.

What are some tips for working with power cords?

• Keep power cords clear of tools during use.

• Suspend power cords over aisles or work areas to eliminate stumbling or tripping hazards.

• Replace open front plugs with dead front plugs. Dead front plugs are sealed and present less danger of shock or short circuit.

• Do not use light duty power cords.

• Do not carry electrical tools by the power cord.

• Do not tie power cords in tight knots. Knots can cause short circuits and shocks. Loop the cords or use a twist lock plug.

What is a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI)?

A Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) works by detecting any loss of electrical current in a circuit. When a loss is detected, the GFCI turns the electricity off before severe injuries or electrocution can occur. A painful shock may occur during the time that it takes for the GFCI to cut off the electricity so it is important to use the GFCI as an extra protective measure rather than a replacement for safe work practices.

GFCI wall outlets can be installed in place of standard outlets to protect against electrocution for just that outlet, or a series of outlets in the same branch. A GFCI Circuit Breaker can be installed on some circuit breaker electrical panels to protect an entire branch circuit. Plug-in GFCIs can be plugged into wall outlets where appliances will be used.

When and how do I test the Ground Fault Circuit Interupter (GFCI)?

Test the GFCI monthly. First plug a "night light" or lamp into the GFCI-protected wall outlet (the light should be turned on), then press the "TEST" button on the GFCI. If the GFCI is working properly, the light should go out. If not, have the GFCI repaired or replaced. Reset the GFCI to restore power.

If the "RESET" button pops out but the light does not go out, the GFCI has been improperly wired and does not offer shock protection at that wall outlet. Contact a qualified electrician to correct any wiring errors.

What is a sample checklist for basic electrical safety?

Inspect Cords and Plugs

• Check power cords and plugs daily. Discard if worn or damaged. Have any cord that feels more than comfortably warm checked by an electrician.

Eliminate Octopus Connections

• Do not plug several power cords into one outlet.

• Pull the plug, not the cord.

• Do not disconnect power supply by pulling or jerking the cord from the outlet. Pulling the cord causes wear and may cause a shock.

Never Break OFF the Third Prong on a Plug

• Replace broken 3-prong plugs and make sure the third prong is properly grounded.

Never Use Extension Cords as Permanent Wiring

• Use extension cords only to temporarily supply power to an area that does not have a power outlet.

• Keep power cords away from heat, water and oil. They can damage the insulation and cause a shock.

• Do not allow vehicles to pass over unprotected power cords. Cords should be put in conduit or protected by placing planks alongside them.

http://electricalrevision.co.uk <link updated to site home>
12th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary

Here is the last part of the training information you wanted for your company

Sorry it took a while I was out doing other stuff

It only took me about 10 mionutes to find the materials but my library is so big and link are in the thousands it takes a couple of minutes to search for the right materials

I sure hope this helps if not type back again and I will try and find better materials

Ground fault at its worst you have to wait for the commercial to play before the training material

But this is a worse case situation when ground fault operations are destroyed or stolen

Ground Fault Causes Electrical Fire - Video

http://wmmic.com <link updated to site home>

<link no longer exists - removed>

http://elcosh.org <link updated to site home>

http://miningquiz.com <link updated to site home>

Pending where you live on the globe here is a great article on grounding and wiring

Groundloop information pages

Why grounding is used ?


In Britain, people have 'earth' and in Northern America they have 'ground'. They are exactly th esame thing, only different terms are used in different countries.

Purposes of Grounding

Grounding system has three main purposes:

Overvoltage protection

Lightning, line surges or unintentional contact with higher voltage lines can cause dangerously high voltages to the electrical distribution system wires. Grounding provides an alternative path around the electrical system of your home or workplace minimizes damage from such occurances.

Voltage stabilization

There are many sources of electricity. Every transformer can be considered a separate source. If there were not a common reference point for all these voltage sources it would be extremely difficult to calculate their relationships to each other. The earth is the most omnipresent conductive surface, and so it was adopted in the very beginnings of electrical deistirution systems as a nearly universal standard for all electric systems.

Current path in order to facilitate the operation of overcurrent devices

This purpose of grounding is the most important one to understand. Grounding system provides certain level of safety to humans and property in case of equipment damages.

Grounding operation in electrical distribution network

The main reason why grounding is used in electrical distribution network is the safety: when all metallic parts in electrical equipments are grounded then if the insulation inside the equipments fails there are no dangerous voltages present in the equipment case. Then the live wire touches the grounded case then the circuit is effectively shorted and fuse will immediatly blow. When the fuse is blown then the dangerous voltages are away.

The safety is the primary function of grounding. Grounding systems are designed so that they do provide the necessary safety functions. Grounding also have other functions in some applications but the safety should not be compromised in any case. Grounding is quite often used to provide common ground reference potential for all equipments but the existing building grounding systems might not provide good enough ground potential for all equipments which might lead to ground potential difference and ground loop problems which are common problems in computer networks and audio/video systems.

How electric shock happens

The "hot" wire is at 120 volts or 230 volts (depends on the mains voltage used in your country) and the other wire is neutral or ground. If a person were to touch the neutral wire only, no shock would result simply because there is no voltage on it. If he were to touch the hot wire only, again nothing would happen to him unless some other part of his body were to become grounded. A person is considered to be grounded if he comes in contact with a water pipe, metal conduit, the neutral or ground wire, or stands barefoot on a concrete floor.

In other words, neither wire is a shock hazard unless a person is grounded, and then only the hot is a potential shock hazard. Of course, if a person were to touch both wires at the same time, he would be shocked simply because his body is completing connection between "hot" and "ground" wires.

Grounding and interference susceptibility

Whenever audio equipment is operated without a ground (floating chassis), strange things can happen. Under certain conditions the amplifier will be more susceptible to radio frequency interference (picking up radio stations or CB. radio). Also, without a suitable ground, amplifiers sometimes "hum" more when the musician picks up his instrument and provides a "pseudo" ground through himself.

The only solution is to find a ground point to connect to the chassis. Sometimes this may just cause more problems than it helps.

Grounding in wiring

Today's modern (US.) mains cable consists of three separate wires: black, white, and green. The green wire is always connected to the large ground pin on the plug, and the other (green) end connected to the chassis of the equipment. The black wire is always considered to be the "hot wire," and as such, is always the leg which is connected to the switch and fuse. The white wire is always the neutral or common wire.

European coloring is a little bit different. The ground wire is here green wire with yellow stripe. Neutral wire is blue. Live wire in Brown (additional colors for the live wires used in 3 phase systems are black and black with white stripe).

Any modification of the above 3 wire mains system completely eliminates the protection given by the three wire configuration. The integrity of the separate ground path is also directly related to the quality of the receptacle and the wiring system in the building itself.

The neutral (grounded conductor) must be solidly connected (bonded) to the home's ground system at the first disconnect (main panel). This keeps large voltage differences from developing between the neutral and ground.

Currents in grounding wire

Ground wires should not carry current except during faults. If the ground wire carries any current there will be a potential difference between different grounding points (bacause the current flowing in wire causes voltage drop because wire resistance). This is why a common wire which works as neutral and grounding wire is very bad thing.

When there is separate wiring for grounding you can't still completely avoid the current flowing in grounding wires ! There will always be some capacitive leakage current form the live wire to the ground wire. This capacitive leakage current is caused by the fact that the wiring, transformers and interference filters all have some capacitance between the ground and live wire. The amount of current is limited to be quite low (limited to be between 0.6 mA to 10 mA depending on equipment type) so it does not cause dangers and big problems. Because of this leakege current there is always some current flowing in the ground wire and the ground potentials of different electrical power outlets are never equal.

The leakege current can also cause other type of problems. In some situations there are ground fault detect interrupter (GFCI) circuits in use the leakage current caused by many equipments together can make the GFCI to cut the current. Typically GFCI circuits are designed to cut current when there is 30 mA or more difference in currents flowing in live and neutral wires (the difference of those current must flow to ground). Some GFCI circuit can cut the mains feed even at 15 mA leakage current which may mean that if you connect many computer equipments (each of them having 0.5 to 2 mA of leakage) to GFCI protected power outlet you can cause the GFCI to cut the power feed.

Ground wire resistance

In europe it is not important how much ohms the grounding is but the maximum current before the unit switches off is important. So a grounding of 230 volts and a safety of 24 volts. We say it must be less then 30 mA in our body. So for 16 amps and 24 volts it is 1.5 ohms. This means that the maximum voltage on the case is 24 volts even when all current is flowing thru the grounding wire. In places where even this 24V is considered very dangerous (for example in hospitals) the ground resistance must be made lower to make sure that there is never dangrous voltage present in the case. For example in Finland the grounding resistance for medical room outles must be less than 0.2 ohms to be considered safe.

The above is the objective, and all the crap around it is just to make it difficult. Ground means something connected to the surrounding and it must be less then x ohms measured with AC and the wire must handle the short circuit current present in the circuit without overheating.

A great site about electricity and grounding needs

Electrical Safety

and a great paper on electrical grounding outside


and more training for construction sites and safety



12th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Dear Penney, Great/Good write up sir. . .Thanks a lot for sharing such a wonderful ppt & links against grounding its full fill my query.Again thanks for quick responce. . . Keep on sharing. . .
12th January 2011 From United States, Fpo
You are quite welocome my friend
In Canada, I just assumed if you typed and asked it was important for me or someone in the group to answer as soon as possible
Second count in management operations and yes it takes time to train but some how management just wants it done in the quickest route possible
So the ball is in your court for safety now and your workers
Good Luck
12th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
We all know to do the hazard assessment for the job and JSA but its hard sometimes to sit in a office and see the risk of injuries and how they impact the human body
Well here is a site that does it for you
Do the risk assessment
These guys and gals are great on doing the risk assessment on the safety risks to workers and injuries
Construction Solutions
I know us long winded Canadian boys always want people to live long lives and stay safe and injury free
Silly Canokes
12th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Dear Penney,
I must apperciate your sharing mentality. Just now i was reading/seen your PPT"s its all really horrible to us/me i am sure if i prepare by own surely atleast its take 20 days but i got this all in a hour.
Even lot of our guys specially EHS proffosionals not ready to share his expertise with by words (even my close friends/seniors also) but u are............... "no words to say'.
But your really great we need your contribution forever. . .Please keep on guide/advise us/me. . .
Always share your expertise with us. . .
12th January 2011 From United States, Fpo
It no surprise to any of you that I am a former Police Officer turned safety professional. Ive seen thousands of injured people from a variety of accidents
Think really hard about the attached video and message
Are you the cause of someone death
Are you the last words in a death sentence?
YouTube - AT&T Don't Text While Driving Documentary
12th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
dear all, i am busy with my MBA and OHSAS, EMS auditor programs... will catch u all from Jan 25thhh... till then keep sharing.... Regards, Firoz
12th January 2011 From India, Bangalore
Dear Penney, Thanks again!!!!!!!!! Dear Firoz, Thanks for your information all the best. . . Dear all, Another one from myside — -Safety at Work — -. . .
13th January 2011 From United States, Fpo

Attached Files
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File Type: zip Safety at Work.zip (4.71 MB, 570 views)

Some times we forget what we are using at work

Corrosives are so commonly used in industry that, like many hazardous materials, they often aren't given much thought. Knowing their properties helps ensure that they are handled and stored safely, minimizing the potential for harm to personnel and the environment.

The Scale

The activity, or "power," of hydrogen ions in a solution is what is commonly referred to as pH. The pH of a liquid is gauged on a scale of 1 to 14, with a pH of 1 being very acidic, 7 being neutral and 14 being very caustic.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines a corrosive liquid as an aqueous solution with a pH less than or equal to two, or greater than or equal to 12.5; or a liquid that corrodes steel at a rate greater than 6.35 mm per year at 130°F. (40 CFR 261.22)

It is important, however, to look at all of the characteristics of a material when making a hazard determination and creating safety plans. For example, carbonated colas typically have a pH of 2.5. A 35% hydrogen peroxide solution has a pH of 3.5. Although the peroxide solution has a pH closer to neutral, it is likely to cause greater damage if it is not stored and handled properly.

Everyday Use

Batteries, bleach, and even fruit juices are examples of corrosive materials commonly found in homes, and often without incident. In commercial and industrial facilities, two examples of corrosive materials are etching solutions and water treatment chemicals. Listed below are more corrosives and their everyday uses.

Common Acids

Common Uses

Hydrochloric Acid

Phosphoric Acid

Sulfuric Acid

Water treatment, etching, metal cleaning

Rust-proofing metals, soft drink manufacturing

Batteries, electroplating

Common Bases

Common Uses

Sodium Bicarbonate

Sodium Hydroxide

Sodium Hypochlorite

Fire extinguishers, antacids, pharmaceuticals

Water treatment, etching and electroplating

Disinfecting, water purification


Knowing the properties of a solution, including the pH, helps determine what precautions will be necessary to protect employees from harm. This goes beyond gloves and goggles, however — safety training should include proper storage and handling as well as emergency response procedures and proper disposal of spent materials.

Because corrosive materials can harm both workers and the environment, both the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and EPA have regulations requiring preparedness and training.

OSHA's Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200) requires employers to evaluate workplace hazards and develop plans and procedures to protect employees from those hazards.

Information about the proper personal protective equipment (PPE) and handling of a liquid can be found on the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Other resources are the chemical manufacturer and safety suppliers. Some chemicals and processes are also subject to additional OSHA regulations to further ensure safety.

The EPA governs air, water and land resources; therefore several environmental regulations may apply to the material.


Proper storage involves not only checking containers to make sure there aren't any leaks, but also making sure that they are not placed in areas where they could come in contact with other chemicals that will cause an adverse reaction.

Although most facilities don't have the luxury of unlimited storage space, "making room" to store incompatible materials in separate areas can help avoid problems later. Training material handling personnel on why it is important to take the time to put materials in designated areas will also help ensure safety.

Spill containment pallets are another option to aid in storage. In the event of a leak while containers are in storage, the spill will be contained in the sump of the pallet, avoiding slip and fall hazards, costly fines if the material enters a drain, and possible chemical reactions with other materials in the area.


Transferring corrosive materials for use in various processes is a common cause of injury and spills. During transfer, fittings sometimes come loose, and hand pumps are notorious for consistent small drips.

Storing eyewash stations and drench showers, can also provide quick help for employees who may become injured by corrosives.

Battery recharging stations are another common area where corrosive liquids are handled. Stocking PPE, having a drench shower and stocking spill response materials in this area will also help increase safety and help comply with OSHA battery charging station regulations [29 CFR 1910.178(g)].

Double Checking

When hazardous materials are handled on a daily basis, it is sometimes easy to forget their hazards. Revisiting safety guidelines and double checking storage and handling procedures can help ensure that everyone stays safe.
13th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Great tan line could it be a skin disease

Are your workers at risk read on

Working in construction can be hazardous to your skin. Construction materials as well as outdoor conditions take their toll. Problems range from irritations to skin cancer.

Some construction materials can cause serious health problems. They can produce allergic reactions, create skin irritations that become life-threatening, produce burns that can put you in the hospital, or seep through your skin and make you sick.

For some people, reactions to the even the smallest amount of materials can be so severe that they need to change careers.

Harmful Agents

Certain construction materials produce skin irritations called contact dermatitis. Symptoms include red, itchy, scaly skin or painful burns, ulcers, and rashes like acne. Some materials that can hurt your skin include:

* Wet cement

* Some cement dusts

* Lime

* Metalworking fluids

* Some paints

* Adhesives

* Epoxy resins

* Alcohols

* Toluene

* Turpentine

* Xylene

Also, pitch and coal tar can cause skin cancer.

What You Can Do

Simply washing your hands is not enough. Caution must be used if you work with hazardous construction materials. You should clean your skin with a mild, non-abrasive soap. Don't use solvents such as alcohol, mineral spirits, turpentine, and limonene. Solvents can irritate your skin and make you sick. It is much healthier to use mineral oil or vegetable oil in combination with soap and water. Use a liquid soap instead of a bar.

When working with caustic materials, such as lime or wet cement, use a pH neutral soap. You can actually hurt your hands if you use a harsher soap.

Healthy Hand Tips

Use the following general precautions to protect your hands:

* After work, wash with soap, rinse with water, and dry your hands with a clean cloth or paper towel.

* Follow the initial cleaning with mineral oil, petroleum jelly, or oil-based lotions, but avoid lotions that have lanolin, limonene (citrus solvent), or perfumes.

* When using work gloves, make sure your hands and the insides of the gloves are clean and dry before you put them on. (If your hands have any of the harsh materials on them when you put on gloves, you can make your skin problems worse.)

* Always use the right gloves for the job. Some gloves will not protect you from some of the materials or protect you for a whole work shift.

* See a doctor if you develop a skin problem that won't go away.

Working Outdoors

Before working outdoors, always apply a sunscreen to the skin areas that will be exposed during your work shift, even if you have dark skin. Make sure your hands and skin are clean before you put on sunscreen.

Also, wear a long-sleeved shirt. This will not only protect your skin from sunburn, but it protects against harmful materials, too.

Caring for your Clothes

Try not to get your clothes wet with cement or other harsh materials. When you work with hot asphalt, do not wear synthetic materials like polyesters or nylon -- they will melt and burn the skin if they touch the asphalt.

At home, don't wash your work clothes with any non-work clothes. If you do, you risk exposing your good clothes and your family's clothes to the harmful materials.
13th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
A little first aid in 2011 goes a long

Adult, Child & Infant CPR step sequence for CPR trained "bystander" rescuers will change from "A-B-C" (Airway, Breathing, Chest compressions) to "C-A-B" (Chest compressions, Airway, Breathing) for adults and pediatric patients (children and infants, excluding newborns). American CPR has implemented C.A.R.E. CPR™ as shown below - easier to learn & remember!

Defibrillation and use of AEDs remains a vital part of the lifesaving sequence.

Also applies to Advanced/Healthcare CPR.

Bystander / One rescuer Adult, Child & Infant CPR will no longer include the step to "Look, Listen and Feel"

Also applies to Advanced/Healthcare CPR.

A compression rate of 100+ per minute.

Also applies to Advanced/Healthcare CPR.

Adult chest compression depth: push down on the adult breastbone at least 2 inches (5 cm).

Also applies to Advanced/Healthcare CPR.

"Don't Stress... Compress!"™

All trained rescuers should provide chest compressions for victims of cardiac arrest. In addition, if the trained rescuer is able to perform rescue breaths, compressions and breaths should be provided in a ratio of 30 compressions to 2 breaths, averaging 100+ compressions per minute.

But... If a trained rescuer cannot perform the rescue breaths, or a bystander is not trained in CPR, the bystander should provide compression-only CPR for the adult victim who suddenly collapses, with 100+ rapid and firm compressions in the center of the chest.

Whenever available, follow the directions of the EMS/911 dispatcher.

As always, a rescuer should relinquish care to any better prepared or trained rescuer, while remaining to assist and assure quality of care.

C.A.R.E. CPR™ explains in easy-to-understand terms the most current 2010 CPR Guideline Updates.

C.A.R.E.™ stands for Compress, Airway, Rescue breathing, External defibrillation. American CPR training is way ahead of other national safety organizations in including these updated guidelines in both our instruction and our class materials.

In the updated C.A.R.E. CPR™ sequence, chest compressions come first, and rescue breathing is only slightly delayed for trained bystanders. While most instructors will continue to teach full CPR, including the rescue breaths which help supply oxygen to the blood, "Compression-Only" CPR will be covered as well, to address the participants' right to know the most current information.
13th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Dear sir,
Thanks for your CPR update.I dont have a time to reading this update will take print out view in my room then put my commands. . .
Very Thanks for your useful update. . .
Keep on touch. . .

13th January 2011 From United States, Fpo
Why didnt he hear what the supervisor said --- simple he couldnt he was deaf from long term hearing loss on the jobsite

The results of audiometric tests are an important part of efforts to conserve and protect workers' hearing. Because they check a worker’s hearing ability from year-to-year, hearing loss can be identified and dealt with properly and promptly. Have all affected employees' hearing tested periodically, when they are transferred to a noisy work environment, or when they are exposed to noise levels that may be dangerous to their hearing.

Engineering Controls Can Help

If the noise level in a work area is too high, actions must be taken to reduce that noise. These steps might include:

• Placing noisy machinery in a separate area away from as many workers as possible.

• Placing machinery on rubber mountings to reduce vibration.

• Using sound-absorbing acoustical tiles and blankets on floors, walls and ceilings.

• Arranging work schedules to cut down on the time each worker spends in a noisy area.

Choosing the right hearing protection

When engineering controls are not enough to reduce the hazards, 29 CFR 1910.95(i) requires employers to supply hearing protection "to all employees exposed to an 8-hour time-weighted average of 85 decibels or greater." There are several different types of hearing protection that can be used, including:

• Expandable foam plugs — made of a formable material designed to expand and conform to the shape of each person’s ear canal.

• Pre-molded, reusable plugs — made from silicone, plastic, or rubber and are manufactured as either "one-size-fits-most" or are available in several sizes.

• Canal caps — often resemble earplugs on a flexible plastic or metal band, which is convenient because they can be inserted or taken out quickly.

• Earmuffs — block out noise by completely covering the outer ear and come in many models to fit most people.

Unfortunately, some equipment, like saws and punch presses, cannot be made to operate any quieter, so it's up to the employer to evaluate working conditions, take the steps necessary to reduce noise levels, and provide proper hearing protection if required.
13th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Safety Inspections either written or in electronic style the key is are they getting done what is the style and what information is being recorded

These are some common problems that safety managers face every day.

Asset Identification

The first step in safety compliance is identifying a piece of equipment. Traditionally, serial numbers are visually read by inspectors. Serial numbers can be read and recorded incorrectly or become dirty and unreadable. If an asset is improperly identified, subsequent inspections, no matter how properly done, are useless.

Inspection Scheduling

Organizations have thousands of pieces of equipment, from rigging to fall protection. Some equipment requires daily inspections, some need annual inspections and some require recertification. Managing this process quickly becomes unmanageable.

Compliance Guesswork

Safety compliance is a complicated matter. Knowing which inspection criteria to use on which piece of equipment is a nightmare. There are multiple government regulations, corporate policies and manufacturer’s suggestions that a safety manager has to keep in mind.

Time Consumption

Identifying an asset, figuring out which inspection criteria is appropriate, recording the inspection, and then storing the inspection is an extremely time consuming process. An inspection doesn’t stop on the field, the backend administration and storage is where a bulk of the time is spent.

Unmanageable Paperwork

To properly manage safety compliance, a safety audit trail must be maintained for each and every piece of equipment. This includes internal inspections, third party inspections, certifications and manufacturer’s documentation. Managing all this paperwork from different parties, storing and filing it properly becomes unmanageable very quickly. One the biggest problem is presenting all this paperwork to a government auditor or, even worse, during an accident investigation. Not having a quick way t access and view the status of your safety data is a huge problem inherent to traditional ISCM.

The Solution: Electronic Inspection and Safety Compliance Management

Like with many traditional processes, software is revolutionizing the way safety compliance is managed. Companies are now using new electronic methods to completely automate safety compliance. Electronic inspection and safety compliance management is a paradigm shift. The vast difference between email and mail is the difference that electronic ISCM provides organizations over traditional methods. The following sections will walk through how traditional safety compliance management is changed using electronic ISCM.

Identification – Using electronic identification

The first step in safety compliance is asset identification. Instead of reading a serial number, assets are now being tagged with either barcodes or radio frequency identification (RFID) chips. This allows assets to be identified without human intervention, completely electronically. Not only are you saving time when identifying a piece of equipment, all human error is eliminated.

Inspection – Using mobile computers

The basic step in all safety management is an inspection. Instead of using a clipboard and pen, handheld computers and mobile phones are being used to completely digitize the process. A handheld computer scans an electronic tag and the asset is identified. Right away the handheld will display the inspection history and if the asset is safe to use. If an inspection is to be done, the software on the handheld will tell the inspector exactly which inspection standard to use and guide the user through the process. A user literally clicks through inspection criteria with minimal, if not zero, keyboard input. Not only is the entire inspection process paperless, all the compliance guesswork is eliminated. The mobile software guides you through the entire inspection and safety compliance process for that piece of equipment.

Safety Documentation – Using the Web

Being able to present safety data in a timely manner and store it without backend administration is one of the key features to an electronic ISCM system. After an inspection is conducted with a mobile computer, all the data is automatically transferred to a secure database or website either in real time or when docked and synced. All documentation, certifications and reports are generated automatically. All backend administration, scanning of paper work and manual data entry is completely eliminated. You never have to worry about keeping backups of your documents or whether they were accurately recorded. Possibility of human error is drastically reduced as is any duplication of work.
13th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Accidents at work are you thinking outside he box are you constantly aware of the risks and managing those risks to prevent the next incident

Accidents at work

Don't become one of these statistics. Be aware of the dangers at work. And protect yourself by knowing your rights and knowing the responsibilities of your employer. Make sure you are getting the proper insurance that would cover you in case of an accident at work. Here are some of the most common occupational hazards and what you can do to protect yourself.

Chemical Hazards

Health hazards can arise from exposure to a wide variety of chemical substances in the workplace. These dangers can come in the form of solids, liquids, vapors, gases, dust, fumes, and corrosives. They can be inhaled, ingested, or absorbed into the body. Whether you work in an office building, a manufacturing plant, or on a farm, chemical hazards could pose a serious health risk. It is your employer's responsibility to keep the threat to safe levels and provide appropriate safety protection.


Any workplace is susceptible to the risk of fire. Know where fire extinguishers are stored and participate in company fire drills. Most importantly, know your emergency escape route. It could save your life.

Over-exertion and Stress

You have the most personal control over preventing this occupational hazard. "Repetitive use injury" is the fastest growing type of injury in the workplace. It is caused by repeating the same actions or maintaining the same position for long periods of time. These injuries involve the hand, wrist, forearm, shoulder, and back. They result from a wide range of occupations, including use of a computer keyboard (often leads to carpal tunnel syndrome), product packaging, sewing, heaving, scrubbing, electronic assembly, stamping, sorting, and carrying. Stress, both physical and emotional, is a major factor.

Electrical Hazards

Electrical hazards can be prevented by avoiding the use of worn or frayed power cords. Keep a safe distance (at least 10 feet) from energized power lines. Ensure that power tools and electrical equipment are grounded and in good working order before use.

Accidental Falls and Flying Objects

Falls from high places are a common hazard in certain jobs, such as construction and work on cellular towers. Use a personal harness or install guardrails or a safety net to minimize injury. Protect yourself from flying, falling, or collapsing objects by wearing a hard hat or other safety gear.

Confined Spaces

Explosion, poisoning, asphyxiation, and extreme temperatures are hazards associated with working in confined spaces, such as a sewer, tank, vault, or other compartment. Ensure your area is properly venthilated and reduce the risk.
13th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Think about it guys what really came first

Is it prevention or being prevented

Chicken or Egg Engineering Controls or PPE which came first

Too often, employers provide personal protective equipment (PPE) as the primary method of protecting employees; and PPE is an important and practical defense against workplace hazards. But according to a variety of OSHA regulations, it should be the last line of defense.

Engineering or administrative controls must be considered first when workplace hazards are evaluated, and must be implemented before PPE is issued to employees.

Here are three common hazards and solutions to consider.

Noise Exposure

In the occupational noise exposure standard, OSHA states: "When employees are subjected to sound exceeding those listed in Table G-16, feasible administrative or engineering controls shall be utilized."[29 CFR 1910.95.] Table G-16 lists decibel limits for various noise exposure durations.

When evaluating appropriate engineering or administrative controls for noise, here are some controls to consider:

• Move employees away from the noise-producing equipment

• Place noisy machinery in an area away from as many workers as possible

• Place machinery on rubber mountings to reduce vibration

• Use sound-absorbing acoustical tiles and blankets on floors, walls and ceilings

• Arrange work schedules to reduce the time each worker spends in a noisy area

Flying Debris Hazards

Although many machines can be fitted with guards, hazards from flying debris can still be common with many manufacturing processes. 29 CFR 1910.212 states that "One or more methods of machine guarding shall be provided to protect the operator and other employees in the machine area from hazards such as those created by point of operation, ingoing nip points, rotating parts, flying chips and sparks.”

Examples of guarding methods include barrier guards, two-hand tripping devices, electronic safety devices, etc. Some steps that may be considered include:

• Using barriers or ropes to keep employees out of unauthorized areas near machinery and moving parts

• Establishing inspection schedules and preventive maintenance to ensure that machinery is always in working order

• Encouraging employees to maintain housekeeping schedules

• Training employees in the proper use of machinery and guards

Respiratory Hazards

Dusts, mists, vapors, gases and fumes are all examples of potential respiratory hazards. Like many OSHA regulations, 29 CFR 1910.34 also encourages engineering controls as a first step in mitigating these hazards. When considering implementing engineering or administrative controls to help control respiratory hazards, consider these steps:

• Install ventilation systems to help control and/or eliminate air contaminants

• Enclose or confine operations to avoid employee exposure

• Substitute chemicals that are less hazardous

Of course, the implementation of engineering or administrative controls won’t always eliminate or replace the use of PPE. But the combination of engineering or administrative controls and the use of PPE can help provide the best protection for employees.
13th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Wait a second I have to go to the washroom

On second thought I have to go to the caretakers room first before I can use it

How clean are your staff washrooms and toilet areas are they making your workers sick. It is not always about slips trips and falls or walking under suspended loads or if it will blow up

Sometimes the risks are less than a seat away from you

Poor bathroom hygiene can present a health risk to the entire household. When not cleaned properly and often, a dirty bathroom becomes a breeding ground for bacteria and germs that spread illness through the house.

Each family member can play their part in keeping the bathroom clean to prevent germs from spreading. It involves keeping themselves clean and cleaning up after themselves. The regimen is not just healthy; it's considerate. The dirt and germs you leave behind can linger and spread illness to other family members.

Personal Hygiene

Your own personal hygiene plays a large part in improving bathroom hygiene. Like the bathroom, your mouth and hands are breeding grounds for bacteria. Overall bathroom cleanliness begins when you clean yourself. Replace your toothbrushes every three months. Don't let your dirty toothbrush hang in the holder with your family’s toothbrushes. And never share a toothbrush with anyone. That's the quickest way to spread infections.

Wash your hands thoroughly each time you use the bathroom. Germs spread quickly by touch. Instruct all family members to wash their hands with warm, soapy water after using the toilet. Educate young children early about the importance of toilet hygiene.

Use disposable towels to dry your hands instead of a cloth towel that everyone would use. By using disposables, you'll be throwing away germs instead of spreading them. Communal towels contain bacteria and viruses that cause illness.

Bath towels should be changed and washed regularly. Hang them up to dry after use; the longer they remain wet, the more germs will collect on the towel.


All bathroom surfaces should be cleaned regularly. These include the door handle, faucets, toilet, sink, floor and shower/bathtub.

Shake water from the curtain after showering to prevent buildup of mold and mildew. Always leave the curtain open so water evaporates. Clean the curtain liner once a month.

Occasionally remove your showerheads and soak them overnight in vinegar or a commercial cleanser. This removes the build-up and dirt that clogs the head and contaminates the shower water.

Be especially careful when cleaning the toilet, especially if a family member is sick. All toilet parts should be cleaned regularly including the seat, rim, lid, bowl and flushing handle. Always wipe the toilet seat with tissue before and after using.

Here are some other tips to help reduce bacteria and prevent contamination:

* Never share razors

* Wear shoes or slippers in the bathroom to prevent contact with germs on the floor, which can cause conditions such as athlete's foot

* Use toilet paper or paper towels to wipe up spills and water

* Keep the bathroom dry; bacteria breeds in moist environments
13th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Dear all, Another one from myside — Ladder Safety Tips — Happy Pongal to all. . .
14th January 2011 From United States, Fpo

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Dear all, Another one from myside — Wear a helmet - No Excuse — Keep on sharing. . .
15th January 2011 From United States, Fpo

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Flagging traffic on a highway or on site are just as risky to works theres just more cars and trucks on the road but the Risks are identical in threat nature to the worker

Workers are also struck by equipment operating within the work area. Repairing streets and bridges, cleaning catch basins, and rebuilding manholes are examples of tasks that require workers to share the road with other vehicles.

PREVENTION: A traffic control plan (TCP) must be developed BEFORE the work begins to guide drivers through and around work zones.

A traffic control plan should include:

• Advance warning to drivers of road work ahead,

• Traffic control devices to clearly mark the work zone and channel traffic through it, and

• Returning traffic to normal traffic patterns as quickly, safely and efficiently as possible.

A traffic control plan needs to address these factors:

• Type of roadway (number of lanes, divided or undivided highway, etc.),

• Volume and speed of traffic (the number and speed of cars, trucks, etc.),

• Type of job and how long it will last, and

• Type and number of traffic control signs and devices.

Detours: Closing roads and re-routing traffic away from the maintenance activities puts a safe distance between workers and traffic.

Barriers: Concrete barriers, also called Jersey barriers or K-rails, separate workers from traffic. They are used long-term projects such as during road construction and bridge deck replacement. Concrete barriers are commonly used to temporarily change stretches of 4-lane divided highways into two-lane roads.

Reducing the Speed Of Traffic In Work Zones: Methods to slow traffic in work zones include:

• Driving pilot cars at reduced speeds to slow traffic,

• Portable rumble strips on roadways,

• Portable radar units mounted on construction vehicles,

• Aggressively enforcing speed limits in work zones,

• Doubling the fines and/or points charged against a driver's record for speeding.

Advance Warning Signs: Signs should be located far enough in advance of the work area to allow vehicles to move smoothly and efficiently around work areas. They must clearly inform motorists of approaching activity and guide drivers around or through the activity.

All advance warning signs must be:

• orange background with black lettering or symbols,

• retro-reflective or illuminated if used when it is dark,

• 4 feet by 4 feet if traffic moves at 45 miles per hour (mph) or faster,

• 3 feet by 3 feet if speeds are 40 mph or lower,

• 7 feet above the road surface (measured to the bottom of the sign),

• at least 1 foot above the road surface if the sign is portable,

• less than 50 per cent of the top two rails or not more than 33 per cent of all rails if mounted on a barricade.

Advance warning signs should be placed so as to give motorists enough time to react to the conditions they will find ahead of them. In general, the distance between the first warning sign and the work area should be increased the faster that traffic is moving. The following table includes the recommendations for sign placement found in the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD), which has been issued by the United States Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA).

MUTCD Recommendations on Sign Spacing for Advance Warning Signs

Type of Roadway Speed Sign A* Sign B** Sign C***

Urban, Low Speed 40 mph or less 100 ft. 100 ft. 100 ft.

Urban, High Speed 45 mph or more 350 ft. 350 ft. 350 ft.

Rural (Secondary) 45 mph or more 500 ft. 500 ft. 500 ft.

Expressway 45 mph or more Expressway 45 mph or more 1,000 ft. 1,600 ft. 2,600 ft. Expressway 45 mph or more 1,000 ft. 1,600 ft. 2,600 ft. Expressway 45 mph or more 1,000 ft. 1,600 ft. 2,600 ft.

(*) Sign A is the warning sign nearest to where traffic lanes narrow or shift.

(**) Sign B is the next sign upstream from where traffic lanes narrow or shift.

(***) Sign C is the first sign (in a three-sign series) that the driver sees in a temporary traffic control zone.

Traffic Control Devices

Cones, drums and barricades, vertical panels, tubular markers and pavement markings are commonly used to alter, or channel the normal traffic flow. They alert drivers of work activities ahead and provide smooth and gradual traffic movement from one lane to another. Cones, drums and other devices must be made of lightweight materials and give way when struck by a vehicle. They must not break apart or be capable of penetrating the passenger compartment of a vehicle. The material used to weigh down devices to prevent them from being easily blown over (ballast) must also be made of materials that will cause only minimal damage to vehicles.

The proper use of cones, drums or other devices requires that:

• The number of feet between traffic control devices in the area where traffic is shifted from one lane to another (transition area) cannot be greater than the miles per hour that traffic is moving. For example, if the speed limit is 45 miles per hour, the devices cannot be more than 45 feet apart.

• The number of feet between devices where the traffic is moving through the work area (activity area) cannot be more than twice the number of miles per hour. For example, if traffic is moving at 45 miles per hour, the devices cannot be more than 90 feet apart.

• Cones left up overnight must be equipped with retro-reflective striping.

• All drums must have retro-reflective striping (day or night). All devices must be properly installed and be inspected regularly to ensure their effectiveness.

• Damaged or very dirty devices must be removed from service.

Traffic cones and tubular markers must:

• Be at least 18 inches in height (tubular markers must be also be at least 2 inches wide).

• Be at least 28 inches in height on roads with speeds of 45mph or greater.

• Be orange in color.

• Have two 3-inch wide, white, retro-reflective bands at the top of the cone and a maximum of 6 inches between the bands.

Vertical panels must:

• Be 8 to 12 inches wide and at least 24 inches in height.

• Have alternating orange and white, retro-reflective stripes at least 4 inches in width. If the panel height is 36 inches or more, the stripes must be at least 6 inches wide.

• Stripes must slope downward at a 45 degree angle in the direction that traffic is moving. Have a minimum of 270 square inches of retro-reflective area facing traffic when used on freeways and expressways.

Drums must:

• Be orange in color.

• Be at least 3 feet high and 18 inches wide.

• Have at least 2 orange and 2 white alternating, retro-reflective stripes. Stripes must be at between 4 inches and 6 inches wide.

• Have closed tops to prevent accumulation of roadwork or other debris.

• Steel drums are prohibited!

Barricades are of three types and they can be portable or fixed:

• Type I: must be at least 3 feet high with one rail 2 feet in length.

• Type II: must be at least 3 feet high with two rails 2 feet in length.

• Type III: must be at least 5 feet high and have three rails that are at least 4 feet long.

The rails on all three types of barricades must be between 8 and 12 inches wide. They may be equipped with warning lights under certain circumstances. Warning lights must be of a steady burn type when used to channel traffic.

The stripes on the rails of a barricade must:

• Have alternating orange and white retro-reflective striping.

• Slope downward at a 45-degree angle in the direction traffic is moving.

• Be a minimum of 4 inches wide. If the rail lengths are 36 inches or greater, the stripes must be a minimum of 6 inches wide.

• Have a minimum of 270 square inches of retro-reflective area facing oncoming traffic when used on freeways.

Pavement Markings

Pavement must be marked in all temporary traffic control zones. Pavement markings include paint, plastics, and temporary raised pavement markers. Markings between opposing lanes of traffic must be yellow and the edges must be white.
15th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Excavtion is more than a hole in the ground its a grave for a worker if you dont do it right the first time and protect and train those workers

What is trenching and excavation work?

A trench is a narrow channel that is deeper than it is wide. A trench can be up to 15 feet wide. An excavation is any hole or trench that is made by removing earth.

What are the hazards of trenching and excavation work?


The most common serious hazard is a cave-in. Workers can be killed or seriously injured if the sides of a trench or other excavation collapse. Cave-ins are most often caused by:

• Vibration from construction equipment or traffic in the construction area that makes the soil come apart.

• The weight of equipment that is too close to the edge of the trench can cause a collapse. The weight of the earth that has been removed (spoil bank) can also put a dangerous strain on the trench walls.

• Soils that do not hold tightly together are more likely to collapse. For example, sandy soils are not cohesive and can easily slide back into a trench. By contrast, clay usually holds up well.

• Soil that has been dug before is not as stable as earth that has not been previously disturbed. Work on utility lines involves digging previously disturbed soil.

• Water weakens the strength of the trench sides. Rain can also be a hazard by either putting too much weight on the walls or filling the trench with water. Soil that is too dry will crumble easily.

• NOTE: the risk of a cave-in increases if more than one of these conditions is present!

Other Hazards

• Contact with electric, water, sewer, natural gas, or other types of utility lines can cause serious injuries or death from drowning, exposure to chemicals, or electrocution.

• Toxic gases can be released during digging. Trenches should be treated as a confined space and the air should be tested. This is very important for bell-bottom types of excavation.

• Being struck by vehicles when working in or near traffic.

What can be done to protect workers?

• Determine risks before the work begins. A competent person must evaluate the possible dangers before the work begins and until the operation is completed. The person must know the risks posed by the soil that will be disturbed. The operation must be watched at all times because the danger can increase when it rains or other conditions change.

• Use protective systems for any trench or other excavation that is 5 or more feet deep. Excavations that are less than five feet deep may also require a protective system if the competent person on site feels there is a possibility of cave-in. Protective systems include:

o Sloping means the sides of the hole open out from the excavation. The type of soil determines the required angle. Sloping is less practical for deeper digs.

o Benching is similar to sloping with steps cut into sides of the trench.

o Shoring supports the walls of the excavation. Shoring is made up of wales, crossbraces, and uprights. The material can be metal or wood, but plywood and 2'x4's are not adequate shoring materials. The equipment can be hydraulic or pneumatic. Shoring must be installed from the top down and removed from the bottom up.

o Shielding, also called trench boxes or trench shields, are structures that are placed in the excavation to prevent the sides of a trench from caving-in. The worker is only protected while in the "box." Some trench boxes can be moved as the work progresses. Heavy equipment must always be used to place the box or shield in the trench. The shield must extend at least 18 inches from the top of the slope of the trench.
15th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Its raining and pouring but my workers are getting sick OH WHY YOU ASK

What are molds?

Molds are a group of plants called fungi that can be found indoors and outdoors. There are tens of thousands or possibly hundreds of thousands of different molds. They grow best in warm, damp, and humid conditions. Molds reproduce by creating tiny spores that float through the air. Outdoors, molds break down organic matter such as toppled trees, fallen leaves, and dead animals. They are necessary to produce certain foods and medicines such as cheese and penicillin. Indoors, mold growth can cause health problems.

When are molds a problem?

Mold growth will often occur when there is excessive moisture or water accumulates within a building. There are molds that grow on wood, paper, carpet, and insulation, as well as dust and dirt that gather in moist areas of a building. Problems can arise when mold starts eating away at these materials, affecting their look and smell. They can cause serious harm to the structure of wood-framed buildings.

What are the health effects of molds?

Molds produce allergens that can cause allergic reactions in some people. Reactions can appear right away or develop over time. Allergic responses include asthma and hay fever-type symptoms such as a runny nose and red eyes. Exposure to mold can irritate the eyes, skin, nose and throat. Symptoms other than allergic and irritant types are not commonly reported as a result of inhaling mold in the indoor environment.

How can mold problems be prevented or corrected?

Moisture problems in buildings have been linked to changes in construction practices since the 1970s that have resulted in tightly sealed buildings and poor ventilation. While it is impossible to eliminate all molds and mold spores, minimizing moisture can control indoor mold growth. Sources of moisture include water leaks through roofs and window seals, landscaping, gutters that direct water into or under a building, and space heaters or other appliances that are not equipped with ventilation.

Mold Prevention and Control Measures

The key to preventing and/or controlling the growth of molds is to address moisture problems.

• Repair plumbing, roof, or other leaks as soon as possible.

• Find and correct causes of condensation and wet spots.

• Locate and fix sources of moisture seepage into the building.

• Perform regular inspections and maintenance of the heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) system, including filter changes.

• Keep HVAC drip pans clean and flowing properly.

• Keep indoor relative humidity below 70% (25 - 60%, if possible) and increase air circulation.

• Vent appliances that produce moisture, such as dryers, to the outside.

• Vent kitchens and bathrooms according to local code requirements.

• Clean and dry wet or damp spots as soon as possible, but no more than 48 hours after they are discovered. Thoroughly clean, dry and/or remove water-damaged materials.

Correcting mold problems

The first step is to find and fix the conditions that lead to mold growth. After assessing the extent of the problem, materials damaged by mold may need to be removed (remediation). Employers must use workers who have been trained for mold remediation or hire a qualified contractor. When selecting a contractor is important to check references and require them to follow the recommendations in the Environmental Protection Agency's publication, "Mold Remediation in Schools and Commercial Buildings" or similar guidelines. The workplan should include steps to carefully contain and remove moldy building materials in a manner that will prevent further contamination, and the use of personal protective equipment (PPE).
15th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Emergency Plans and how to leave a site are all part of your plan


Emergency Evacuation Plan

• Is there a written evacuation plan for the workplace?

• Have workers been trained on the plan?

• Is there a map posted that shows where the exits are?

• Have there been drills conducted in the last year?

• Are there floor wardens or other persons available to help others in an emergency?

• Are there procedures in place to assist individuals with disabilities leave the workplace?

• After vacating the workplace, is there a specific area where persons are supposed to gather to be accounted for?

• Is the plan reviewed and updated annually?

Alarm and Detection Systems

• Can the alarm system be seen and heard?

• Does the alarm system have more than one signal?

• Do workers know what the different signals mean?

• Have the alarms and detection systems been tested in the last year?

• Does the facility have a sprinkler or other type of fire suppression system? If yes, has the sprinkler system been tested in the last year?


• Are there at least two exit routes for staff to get out? (Some workplaces will require more than two exits.)

• Are exits clear of clutter?

• Are the exits clearly marked and lit?

• Do workers know where exits are in their work area?

• Is the route to the exit (exit access) at least 28 inches wide and kept clear of debris?

• Are fire doors kept closed?

• Are the exits doors unlocked, or do they automatically unlock when an alarm sounds?

• Do the doors open outward?

• Are the exit doors fitted with panic hardware? If yes, are they working properly?

• Are doors that that cannot be used to leave the facility clearly labeled "Not an Exit" or otherwise marked?

• Are the stairways wide enough to accommodate everyone in the workplace?

• Do the stairs have non-slip treads?

• Do the stairs have handrails?

• Do exits lead to a public way?


• Is trash collected on a regular basis and placed in sealed containers?

• Is debris kept away from exit routes, exit doors and stairwells?

• Are cleaning materials sealed and stored properly?

• Is there an up to date list of all hazardous chemicals in the workplace?

• Are there Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) available for those chemicals?
15th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Stinky trucks and machines there making your workers ill

The soot consists of very small particles that can be inhaled and deposited in the lungs. Diesel exhaust contains 20-100 times more particles than gasoline exhaust. These particles carry cancer-causing substances known as polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Gases in diesel exhaust, such as nitrous oxide, nitrogen dioxide, formaldehyde, benzene, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide can also create health problems.

Those most likely to be exposed to diesel exhaust include bridge, tunnel, and loading dock workers, auto mechanics, toll booth collectors, truck and forklift drivers, and people who work near areas where these vehicles are used, stored or maintained.

Health Effects of Diesel Exhaust

Short-Term (Acute) Effects

Workers exposed to high concentrations of diesel exhaust have reported the following short-term health symptoms:

• irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat

• lightheadedness

• feeling "high"

• heartburn

• headache

• weakness, numbness, and tingling in extremities

• chest tightness

• wheezing

• vomiting

Long-Term (Chronic) Effects

Although there have been relatively few studies on the long-term health effects of diesel exhaust, the available studies indicate that diesel exhaust can be harmful to your health.

According to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), human and animal studies show that diesel exhaust should be treated as a human carcinogen (cancer-causing substance). These findings are not surprising since several substances in diesel exhaust are known to cause cancer. It may take many years after the first exposure for diesel-related cancer to develop.

Exposure to diesel exhaust in combination with other cancer causing substances may increase your risk of developing lung cancer even more. Other exposures that are known to cause lung cancer include cigarette smoke, welding fumes and asbestos. All of these exposures may interact with diesel exhaust to magnify your risk of lung cancer, and should be kept to a minimum.

Some studies have suggested that workers exposed to diesel exhaust are more likely to have chronic respiratory symptoms (such as persistent cough and mucous), bronchitis, and reduced lung capacity than unexposed workers.

People with preexisting diseases, such as emphysema, asthma, and heart disease, may be more susceptible to the effects of diesel exhaust.

Studies in animals suggest that diesel exhaust may have other effects as well:

• Mice developed skin cancer when extracts of diesel exhaust were applied to their skin.

• Diesel exhaust caused lung injury in exposed laboratory animals.

• Exposure to diesel exhaust reduced animals' resistance to bacterial infection.

• Laboratory animals exposed to high concentrations of diesel gases showed a reduced level of activity and coordination.

In addition, many of the individual components of diesel exhaust are known to be hazardous. For example, nitrogen oxides can damage the lungs, and carbon monoxide can aggravate heart disease and affect coordination.

Control of Diesel Exhaust


Where possible, replace diesel engines with propane-burning engines. Propane burns more completely and more cleanly than diesel fuel.


Diesel exhaust in garages, warehouses, or other enclosed areas should be controlled using ventilation.

Local exhaust ventilation is the best way to reduce potential hazards to diesel exhaust. A good ventilation system should include both intake and exhaust fans that remove harmful fumes at their source. Tailpipe or stack exhaust hoses should be provided for any vehicle being run in a maintenance shop.

General ventilation uses roof vents, open doors and windows, roof fans, or floor fans to move air through the work area. This is not as effective as local exhaust ventilation, and may simply spread the fumes around the work area. General ventilation may be helpful, however, when used to supplement local exhaust ventilation.

Isolate the Worker

Another way of controlling diesel exhaust exposures is to isolate the worker from diesel fumes.

• Trucks should have air-conditioned cabs to isolate the driver from fumes (Windows should be rolled up so that fumes do not seep inside).

• Toll booth collectors can be protected from fumes by working in air-conditioned booths.

Safe Work Practices

Following the safe work practices below can also reduce exposure to diesel exhaust:

• Fuel grade 1K should be used instead of Diesel 1. Grade 1K is more expensive but burns more cleanly.

• All diesel equipment should have regular maintenance and frequent tune-ups. The exhaust system should be checked for leaking fumes.

• Vehicles should be fitted with emission control devices (air cleaners), such as collectors, scrubbers, and ceramic particle traps. Air cleaners should be checked regularly and replaced when they get dirty.

• Prolonged idling of machinery should be avoided. A worker should not be in the vehicle when it is idling for a long period.

• Any cracks in the vehicle should be fitted with weather stripping to prevent fumes from seeping in.

• The floor of the vehicle should not have any holes.

Personal Protective Equipment

Respirators are usually the least effective method of controlling exposures, and they should be used only as a last resort. For diesel exhaust, a combination air-purifying respirator that protects against acid gases, organic vapors, and particulates should be used.

It is not enough for your employer to toss you a respirator and tell you to go to work. Respirators must be specific to the hazard, and fitted, cleaned, stored, inspected, and maintained in accordance with OSHA's respirator standard
15th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
OSHA E-Learning around lead and working near smelters
Lead: Secondary Lead Smelter eTool
15th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Chemical risks are every where
Labels under WHMIS or Global Harmanization
Dangerous Goods or HazMat
and fire
Can you read the firre label in the blink of a eye and under stand the risk
Emergency Planning for Chemical Spills - Chemicals in the WorkPlace
16th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary


When one substance is brought together or mixed with another and the resulting interaction evolves or generates heat, the process is referred to as an exothermic reaction. An exothermic (exo- is a prefix meaning "out of") reaction is one where the energy flows out of the system into the environment. Combustion reactions are exothermic. Some exothermic reactions may require heating just to get started, and will then proceed on their own.

Exothermic reactions pose special hazards whether occurring in the open environment or within a closed container. In the open, the heat evolved will raise the temperature of the reactants, of any products of the reaction, and of surrounding materials. Since several properties of all substances are a function of temperature, such as pressure, the resulting higher temperatures may affect how the materials involved behave in the environment.

Heat will increase the vapor pressures of hazardous materials and the rate at which they vaporize. If very high temperatures are achieved, nearby combustible materials may ignite. Explosive materials, whether they are the reactants of the reaction or just nearby, may explode upon ignition or excessive heating.

Emergency Planning for Chemical Spills - Chemicals in the WorkPlace

and including toxic effects

Emergency Planning for Chemical Spills - Chemicals in the WorkPlace


• Hepatotoxic agents - materials that cause liver damage.

• Nephrotoxic agents - materials that cause kidney damage.

• Neurotoxic agents - substances that in one way or another impact the nervous system and possibly cause neurological damage.

• Carinogens - substances that may incite or produce cancer within some part of the body.

• Mutagens - can produce changes in the genetic materials of cells.

• Teratogenic - materials may have adverse effects on sperm, eggs, and/or fetal tissue.

• Hematopoietic system (blood) - Some chemicals can effect the blood and the blood forming tissues.
16th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Dear Penney, Thanks for sharing a wonderful messages. . . Keep on sharing. . . Note: Due to network problem i cant upload video/files i will add some more for us keep on watching. . .
16th January 2011 From United States, Fpo
Hand and power tools are integral to the efficiency of our workplaces but they are also extremely dangerous and account for hundreds of thousands of injuries every year. Safe use of these tools is imperative for a healthy and productive workplace. Here is a list of things never to do with a hand or power tool.

Never start work without scanning your work area for possible hazards. Make sure that the cord won’t get caught on any materials and that the work area is clean. A clean and organized work area is the first step to efficiency and safety.

Never work without personal protective equipment. Goggles, gloves and other PPE save many eyes and hands every year. Never work without them!

Never forget to secure the materials you are working on especially with power tools. Kick-back is when a power tool sends its energy away from cutting or punching and either violently into the material or back towards the tool. Either way it can cause serious injury.

Never use a power tool with one hand. Kick-back and slipping will occur eventually and could cause serious injury.

Never use a hammer or screwdriver without first “seating” the nail or screw. Tap the nail or screw in with a hammer and get your hand away from the nail or screw. Never use full force with your hand still in the area.

Never use a screwdriver that has a blade that is too big or small for the job. Always fit the blade to the screw. It will decrease your chances for injury exponentially.

Never use a hammer to turn a wrench or pliers. Inevitably the hammer will bounce off and hit you or someone else.

Never forget to sharpen your blades. Hand knives and power saws are safer when they are sharp. It reduces kick-back and makes every operation go smoother.

Here are a few simple metal-specific rules to observe to make your metalcrafting experiences safe and sound:

• Don't grasp metal pieces tightly. A light grip will prevent cuts and slices.

• Never run your fingers along the raw edge.

• When using a tin snip or other cutting tool, keep the cutter deep in the cut as you move along. Avoid making short cuts and creating small burrs along the cut line.

• Beginners might want to wear gloves for protection, but you can get a better feel for metalcraft without them, so as soon as you're familiar with the tools and materials you'll probably want to work bare-handed. Start your child out with gloves and when she appears to be ready, let her try working without them.

• Whenever possible, use a well-mounted vice to grip your piece while you're working on it. This may not always be practical, but consider it whenever you can. Use a rag or piece of scrap leather to cushion the metal and keep from marring it.

• Don't brush scraps of metal into the trash with your hands. Always use a brush or even a piece of stiff cardboard to push them along.

• Don't rush yourself. Take your time and you'll be less likely to injure yourself.

• Work with adequate light. If possible, use both natural and artificial light. Metal shines, which makes it difficult to see clearly under certain lighting conditions.

By keeping the following 10 safety issues in mind, it is possible to work satisfactorily and safely with power tools.

1. Safety glasses: These prevent dust, debris, wood shavings, shards from fiberglass, etc from getting into the eyes. Safety glasses are one of the most basic pieces of safety equipment that must be used when working with power tools.

2. Protection for the ears: Power tools can generate a lot of noise, which may sound louder in the cloistered environment of a workshop; in order to minimize damage to the ears, it is advisable to wear earplugs.

3. Knowing the right tools for the job: It is important to know the right tools for the job in order to avoid injury to oneself and damage to the materials. To this end, it is advisable to thoroughly read the instruction manuals provided with the equipment and get familiar with the recommended safety precautions.

4. Correct method of using tools: Tools should not be carried by their cords; tools that are not in use should be disconnected; and while handling a tool connected to a power source, fingers should be kept away from the on/off switch.

5. The right clothes: Long hair should be tied and loose clothing should be avoided. Ideally, clothing that covers the entire body should be worn and heavy gloves should be used in order to avoid sharp implements and splinters from hurting the hands. Masks prevent inhalation of harmful minute particles of the material that is being worked upon. Steel-toed work boots and hard hats can also be worn.

6. Tool inspection: Power tools should not be employed in wet environments and should never be dipped in water; they should be checked periodically for exposed wiring, damaged plugs, and loose plug pins. Nicked cords can be taped but if a cut appears to be deep, a cord should be replaced. Tools that are damaged or those that sound and feel different when used should be checked and repaired.

7. Cleanliness in the work area: This should be maintained because accumulated dust particles in the air can ignite with a spark. Of course, flammable liquids should be kept covered and away from the place where power tools are being used. An uncluttered work area also makes it easy to maneuver the power tool; often distractions caused by a tangled cord can result in an accident.

8. Care with particular tools: Miter saws and table saws should be used with a quick-release clamp and a wood push-through, respectively. Extra care should be taken while using nail guns and power belt sanders.

9. Keep tools in place: Power tools should be returned to their cabinets after use to prevent them from being used by an unauthorized and incapable person.

10. Lighting: It is important to use proper lighting while working with power tools, particularly when working in the basement and garage where lighting may not be satisfactory.

16th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
How to Select the Right Concrete Saw Blades For Making

How to Select the Right Concrete Saw Blades For Making Professional Cuts in Concrete

Your investment in a well-engineered concrete saw blade is well justified by productivity gains, reduced downtime, stunningly smooth surface and long service life. Whether you are enhancing concrete with decorative scoring, sawing control joints, or cutting or replacing it, you can’t think of doing the job without a top-quality saw blade. Like an expert chef needs assortments of knives to prepare various gourmet specialties, you will need types of blades to perform all the cutting tasks.

Have a look at the tips for reducing annual maintenance costs, less dusting and enhancing an aesthetic value of your floor.

Try to match the blade as closely as possible

Try to match the blade as closely as possible to the material you are going to cut. For maximum cutting speed and blade life, you must know the size and hardness of the materials you are going to cut and its compressive strength.

Hardness of the Floor

Hardness of the floor will help you determine the operating speed you will need to complete the task.

Task that you are going to perform

For drilling or coring functions, determine how large a hole you want to drill. Then observe tools’ maximum capacities and ranges.

Accessories easily available and easy to switch.

Look for the versatile tool that has a characteristic of easily interchangeable accessories.

Having a good understanding of concrete

Being able to differentiate between hard and soft concrete is paramount before you even consider operating the machine. On hard one you need a soft bonded diamond while on soft one you need a hard bonded diamond.

Go with a light weight portable diamond saw blade

Go with a light weight portable diamond saw blade, if you want some freedom of movement or want to perform the job hassle-free. Prefer a cordless tool if you are always on the plan to move.

High performance finishing tool.

While concrete finishing tools don’t vary in design from a manufacturer to a manufacturer, but they can vary in quality. Always go for the finishing tool that is high in performance

The size of the saw that will be needed also depends on the nature of job.

One factor is whether the application is a heavy construction job or if it is a job that needs to be done around the home. The saws, with their diamond blades are able to cut through large pieces of concrete in a short period of time and help make even the largest concrete cutting applications easier and less time consuming.

Understanding these tips and knowing, which finishing tools work best should be the key factors guiding your purchasing decision. To get the better return on investment, it is also important to hone your finishing skills so to wield the concrete saw tools properly.
16th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
The Keys to Sharing information
Is just that sharing, regardless of your company or what you do for your employer every employee from management to the worker has something to share
So regardless if its a question one of us could answer to a training program or poster safety comes in many phases and no one item or way is the best
16th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary

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Ok Ill lead by example here are a few things I put together for today some maybe useful to some and useless to others. It maybe not of interest today but in three days someone may ask that question
A safety library is like family you may not see or talk to them every day but when you need a Uncle or Aunts advise on something or knowledge you know where to find them
So I have lead in good faith my material that I wrote now what have you got, either by something you have read, or wrote or even a simple question that many of our good folks could answer for you
16th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary

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Dear Penney,
Thanks a lot for sharing your expertise with us. . .
Sharing knowledge is not about giving people something, or getting something from them. That is only valid for information sharing. Sharing knowledge occurs when people are genuinely interested in helping one another develop new capacities for action; it is about creating learning processes.
Keep on sharing. . .
Again thanks Mr.Penney. . .
16th January 2011 From United States, Fpo
Dear all,
Another one from side funny safety video.
“In today's environment, hoarding knowledge ultimately erodes your power. If you know something very important, the way to get power is by actually sharing it.”
Keep on sharing. . .
16th January 2011 From United States, Fpo

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Couldnt agree with you more my friend By the way did I answer Mr.abhay question you sent me ok plus all the power point training I sent
16th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
We talk a mean picture

A picture of incidents, reports and inspections, or injuries and cause of injuries or best business practices to IRP ( Industry Recognized Practices) from laws to regulatory reviews and findings

What were talking about is people in work environments, but we too need time to smile, laught and wonder out loud ( how did that guy live so long with that kind of safety attitude). Well even in Britian they have a TV serious on it similar to the Napo ones they have out with real people and event ( or at least for the TV)

Here is laugh at my exspense--- ok maybe two or three


a little laugh about safety without the blood



Safety is First - Egyptian Style #humour - MaxQ8's Posterous

Safety Geeks: SVI Episode 4 Hot Poses and Sh** from Pith-e Productions

Safety Geeks: SVI Episode 4 Hot Poses and Sh** from Pith-e Productions

Literal Safety Dance - CollegeHumor video

YouTube - Safety At Work Awards

YouTube - Safety Geeks : SVI Pilot Episode

YouTube - Safety Starts with Me!

YouTube - How the Heck am I Still Here?

YouTube - Safety Geeks Episode 7 S1 Ep7 Investigation

YouTube - Very Funny Stupid Signs

And Canadas all time safety guy

Red Green

Seatbelt Mods | iLaugh.com
16th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary

Never look away from your work when operating a power saw.

When beginning, let the saw reach full speed before cutting and support the work firmly so it won't shift.

If the saw stalls, switch off the power and unplug the tool before trying to restart it.

Stop working and turn off the power saw you are working with if distracted by something or someone

Never use your hands to clear the scraps from a sawing worktable. Instead, use a long stick

When working with metal, secure the metal materials with clamps or in a machinist's vise to keep it from moving.


Table Saws:

Adjust the table saw blade to project about 1/8 inch above the wood.

Make certain the work piece is out of contact with the blade when starting or stopping the saw.

Keep the body out of the way. Use a push stick when ripping narrow strips.

Lower the saw blade below the table top when work is finished.

Radial Arm Saws:

When cross-cutting wood, lay the stock solidly on the table and against the back guide. The saw blade should rotate downward as viewed by the operator. Pull the saw with one hand while the stock is held with the other hand.

Never reach across the line of cut.

When making miter cuts, secure the locking devices to prevent the saw from changing angles or digging in.

Return the saw to the rear position after completing a cut.

Band Saws:

Keep the saw blade set evenly and with the correct tension. Push the stock through the blade with the hands on both sides of the line of cut.

Hand-Held Circular Saws:

Do not work in wet areas unless standing on a dry surface and make certain the saw is properly grounded. Do not clamp or wedge the

guard in the open position. Keep your finger off the trigger when carrying the saw. Do not cut the power cord. Wait until the blade stops before laying down the

saw. When finished, unplug the saw and put it out of the reach of children.

Saber Saws:

Select the proper blade for the job. Make sure it is sharp, undamaged and securely tightened in place. Do not turn on the saw when the blade is in

contact with the work piece. Hold the saw firmly with one hand and steady the work with the other. Keep your hand and other objects clear of the blade.

http://uvm.edu <link updated to site home> safe/sld033.htm

Portable Circular Saw Safety Precautions

Always wear safety goggles or safety glasses with side shields complying with the current national standard and a full face shield when needed. Use a dust mask in dusty work conditions. Wear hearing protection during extended periods of operation.

Don't wear loose clothing, jewelry, or dangling objects, including long hair, that may catch in rotating parts or accessories

Don’t use a circular saw that is too heavy for you to easily control

Be sure the switch actuates properly. It should turn the tool on and return to the off position after release.

Use sharp blades. Dull blades cause binding, stalling and possible kickback,

Use the correct blade for the application. Check this carefully. Does it have the proper size and shape arbor hole? Is the speed marked on the blade at least as high as the no-load RPM on the saw's nameplate?

Is the blade guard working? Check for proper operation before each cut. Check often to ensure that guards return to their normal position quickly. If a guard seems slow to return or hangs up, repair or adjust it immediately. Never defeat the guard to expose the blade by, for example tying it back or removing it.

Before starting a circular saw, be sure the power cord and extension cord are out of the blade path and are long enough to freely complete the cut. Keep aware of the cord location. A sudden jerk or puling on the cord can cause loss of control of the saw.

For maximum control, hold the saw firmly with both hands after securing the work piece. Clamp work pieces. Check frequently to be sure clamps remain secure.

Avoid cutting small pieces that cant be properly secured and material on which the saw show can't properly rest.

When you start the saw, allow the blade to reach full speed before contacting the workplace.

When making a partial cut, or if power is interrupted, release the trigger immediately and don't remove the saw until the blade has come to a complete stop.

Portable Circular Saws


All portable, power-driven circular saws having a blade diameter greater than two inches must be equipped with guards. The upper guard must cover the saw to the

depth of the teeth. The lower guard must also cover the saw to the depth of the teeth, except for the minimum arc required to allow proper retraction and contact

with the work. When the tool is withdrawn from the work, the lower guard must automatically and instantly return to the covering position.

Switches and Controls


All hand-held powered circular saws having a blade diameter greater than two inches must be equipped with a constant pressure switch or control that will shut off

the power when the pressure is released.

Miter Box Saws and Chop Saws

http://uvm.edu <link updated to site home>

Stay alert to keeping hands and fingers away from the blades path as it has a downward cutting motion

Be sure all guards are in place and working. If a guard seems slow to return to its normal position adjust or repair it immediately

Use only recommended size and RPM rated blades

When installing or changing a blade, be sure the blade and related washers and fasteners are correctly positioned and secured on the saw arbor
16th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Back injuries ask your doctor
Lifting Safety: Tips to Help Prevent Back Injuries -- familydoctor.org <link updated to site home> ( Search On Cite | Search On Google )
Injury Prevention and Safety
Or just ask your doctor about other items of risk the back is only one
16th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
How are your safety meetings do people really want to be there

The challenge of managing the aspects of occupational health and safety (OH&S) in the workplace can often times feel overwhelming. There are many legal, moral and financial reasons for you to pay attention to OH&S obligations. With all of these challenges, it's important not to waste time, money or place efforts on things that simply don't work. In terms of successfully managing OH&S issues, the following Top 10 list includes some of the common errors that organizations make.

1.Celebrate the lack of injuries and not the existence of safety

It's a huge mistake to focus on the lack of injuries as the measure of safety performance. I've met many people who can tell me of an unnoticed situation when they've taken a terrible risk on the job-even though their well-being was at stake. Of course, companies should be happy when nobody gets hurt over an extended period of time, but it doesn't mean that you're "safe." And safety can't be defined as a lack of accidents. Safety is created by what we do-not what we avoid. Safety celebrations should also be shared with those people who have helped make your workplace safe, and not those who have just been lucky!

2. Do safety to our employees and not with them

Rules imposed by others usually don't get needed "buy-in" to actually change behaviour. It makes more sense to involve employees in the process of establishing safe behaviours and rules that apply in the workplace. This will lead to increased compliance. Challenging groups of employees to set and review standards of performance involves them in the essentials of safety.

3. Do safety for the government

In the early stages of developing a safety culture, companies can make the mistake of being "reluctant compliers." They're doing safety because the government is forcing them to do it. The value of managing safety is beneficial to a company's bottom line productivity and performance. True performance is all about doing safety to achieve added value. Safety is also about getting everyone home every night! It's important to remain in compliance with the applicable OH&S related laws, but don't do safety for the government-make your work safe and make it legal. Your company will thrive financially because of it.

4. Ignore the importance of the proper tools, equipment, materials and workspace

The historic myth that unsafe behaviour causes 88 percent of experienced incidents is simply not true. Unsafe behaviours are involved in all of the incidents that companies experience. The other part of the formula, which is often ignored by believing in this myth, is that unsafe conditions are also always present. You need to focus efforts on both safe behaviours and safe conditions (i.e. tools, equipment, materials and work environment). If you only supply broken tools to people, don't be surprised when they get hurt. Good tools and equipment increase the chances that workers will do their work and not take unnecessary risks.

5. Ignore the culture of unsafe behaviour

Not making safe behaviour personal and not holding everyone accountable for making it safe at work is a huge mistake. Allowing employees to continue unsafe behaviour is often disastrous. Not unlike playing team sports, it's crucial to take the opportunity and coach our fellow employees who aren't working safely. Again, we want all workers to go home safely at the end of a shift.

6. Miscalculate the power of groups actively caring about each other

Inviting co-workers to provide feedback and coaching when they see an unsafe act encourages the team approach to safety. Unless invited, your co-workers may feel reluctant to bring mistakes to the attention of management for fear of a poor reaction. We're in this together, so why not open up the discussion and invite everyone to overcome the challenges and work more safely.

7. Deliver safety programs to passive employees

I'm not sure what happened to make us believe that we could deliver safety to employees like pizza. The sooner that all workers are held accountable for safe production and not just production with safety added on-the better off we'll be. Challenging employees to come up with ways to work more safely is a well-documented, sure-fire way to increase safety performance.

8. Measure results and not the activities that create safety. Companies that define safety activities for all staff, including the CEO, are safer organizations

Demand that the measurement of safety involves tasks, such as investigations, hazard assessments, inspections and attending meetings. This is what gets things done. Not applying these measures, however, ensures that safety activities will take a back seat to production every time.

9. Manage OH&S differently than you manage other business parts

Why would profitable and successful companies with a clear record of managing success implement a safety program that doesn't exactly replicate why they're successful in the first place? Manage safety exactly like the business itself to achieve similar results. There are too many organizations that manage safety differently than the business to the peril of their safety results. Workers and the management team are motivated to drive production results. So, why would you settle for anything less when it involves safety?

Far too often, companies are very positive and proactive when it comes to production activity. At the same time, however, they do the opposite by providing only negative safety reinforcement. As a condition of employment, safety is commonly used as a threat. This is true, but so is being on time and doing your job. In employee orientation sessions, it's a mistake to make negative consequences the key message. Obviously, you can't ignore unsafe behaviours, but stop making safety feel like a negative thing. There's nothing negative about doing work with a focus on safe production.

10. Hold safety meetings that everyone wants to avoid

I've spoken to thousands of employees in my career about the functionality of the safety meetings they attend. Overwhelmingly, people tell me they don't like what goes on in these meetings very much. The natural question is: "Why are we attending a meeting and not liking what's going on?" The answer is to simply fix the meetings. At your next safety meeting, stand up and tell folks you'd like to discuss how to make the meetings better in the future. Set a goal of not sitting silently at a safety meeting, which isn't addressing your needs. Just say no to unsuccessful safety meetings!
16th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
90% of Training is wasted----------- MAYBE—Maybe Not!

I believe that most training efforts are wasted unless the training is focused on the training needs of each individual. After going through training, a person should immediately apply the new skills. As the saying goes, "If you do not use it, you lose it."

There are many examples where the above has not been practiced. For example, in the last 15 to 20 years, most mills have spent considerable effort in negotiating more flexible work rules with their unions. However, after agreeing to more flexibility on a piece of paper so that, for example, millwrights could perform basic welding and pipe fitting, operators could perform some inspections and essential equipment care, and so on, most mills soon discovered that not much changed in reality. For example, operators did not do any maintenance work and a pump job still took two millwrights and two pipe fitters to complete.

The fact is that most mills have a flexibility agreement on a piece of paper, but no flexibility in reality. The most common reasons for this are:

Lack of training in additional skills. With few exceptions, mills spend a lot of time and money on new contracts, but never train their craftspeople in the new skills they need to become more flexible.

First line supervisors do not change the way they assign work. First line supervision often takes the easy path. Instead of assigning work so that cross training takes place as on-the-job training, supervisors continue to schedule work according to the old craft lines so that no new flexibility is introduced.

MULTI CRAFT OR MULTI SKILL? To be successful in improving crafts skills and to increase your work flexibility while maintaining high proficiency in critical skills, I advise that you first determine governing principles. For example, are you implementing multi craft or multi skills?

Multi craft means a craftsperson is trained for multiple crafts. For example, a person who is both an electrician and a millwright is multi craft. Multi skills means a craftsperson is trained for a craft along with additional skills from another craft. For example, an electrician with skills in aligning a motor and a pump or an operator with mechanical inspection skills is multi skills.

Personally, I believe that the right thing to do is to implement multi skills, since it is more likely to result in flexibility and proficiency.

INCENTIVE. To motivate people to learn more and to use more skills, I believe that there must be an incentive beyond self satisfaction. For example, the most successful multi craft mill that I have worked with required its craftspeople to have proficiency in one craft when hired. After three years, an additional craft had to be acquired in order to maintain employment, with three crafts for each craftsperson as the ultimate goal.

However, the incentive to learn more involved not only job security, but also increased pay. Starting pay was about $15 per hour, but, after learning and using three crafts, the pay increased to about $26 per hour.

This particular multi craft mill produces over 500,000 tpy with 65 craftspeople. Overtime is 15% and contractor hours in maintenance are 14%. These figures put this mill in the league of world-class reliability and maintenance productivity. It is one of the few mills I have worked with where true multi craft training has been very successful, although a major concern at the mill is that the instrumentation craft is having more and more difficulty keeping up with new technologies while maintaining multi craft skills.

IMPLEMENTATION. In implementing a training program that will support better performance-whatever level of flexibility you strive for-I recommend you do a craft skills analysis. The objective of this analysis is to develop individual training plans for each craftsperson.

Start by documenting what skills are needed to maintain the equipment in your mill area. Then compare this to the actual skills of each individual in the maintenance crew. The gap that presents itself forms the basis for the individual training plans. Most probably, you will not need everybody in the top skills segment because everybody will not be able to acquire and maintain those skills. So, you might end up with three skill levels in your organization.

I recommend that you do this analysis with much involvement from the craftspeople, because they are the best source of information. There are also many experts, as well as literature, in this area that can help you.
16th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Try, try, try again to solve safety problems, but don't confuse persistence with obstinancy.

Will Rogers contended, "The secret of success is simple. If you're in a hole, quit digging." This seems like common sense, but I've seen many leaders who, when frustrated, resort to pulling out a shovel – either handtool or bulldozer – and then redoubling their digging efforts. These are otherwise intelligent people in a wide range of professions, but they continue to expend precious resources and risk losing credibility by this try-harder-the-same-way excavating.

We as safety professionals aren't exempt. Have you seen this: Workers don't change their actions? Tell them again (with a why-didn't-you-listen undertone). Policies and procedures not followed? Write additional (and more detailed) rules. Training didn't change their behavior? Put them through the same training again and again (until they "get it").

It seems that when their people don't act in hoped-for manners, many leaders default toward becoming more rigid, forceful, negative and blaming. Ironically, these are the polar opposite responses of the strongest leaders I've encountered. When things don't go their way, master leaders are relaxed and vigilant. If their first action doesn't get the job done, then they flexibly shift to a different tack.

No question that persistence and determination are important factors in succeeding. While highly adept leaders each have a core set of values to which they stay true, they don't woodenly clutch onto fixed strategies in a changing world. Especially when their initial plans are shown to have limited results. Another Will Rogers saying applies here, "Plans get you into things but you got to work your way out."

Trying Different

For those wishing to elevate the efficiency of their leadership skills, I suggest a thought process of trying different rather than trying harder.

How might we apply this to organizational safety? Let's use hand injuries as an example of a common and difficult problem that seems to plague many companies. And no wonder. Think of the number of times (multiple thousands for many) a worker might move her fingers and hands during a typical day. Each such movement presents the potential to suffer a laceration, pinch, strain, bruise, abrasion, dislocation or more.

The traditional approaches to preventing these injuries tilts heavily to the external side of control, focusing on lessening outside-the-employee risk exposures to protect the hands: Machine guarding and lockout/tagout, workstation redesign, gloves, special cut-prevention knives and automating hand-intensive work. These each have advantages and assuredly work in many cases, to a certain level.

But if some is good, more may not be better. For example, employees have expressed to us their concerns that machine guards have actually created pinch, cut, grip, bruise and strain hazards. Guards are strong weapons in the safety arsenal. But despite these and other interventions, hand injuries still persist.

Perhaps it is time to stop digging in the same hole and to try a different approach. One that is internal, focusing on our (and our employees') perspective on hand injuries.

Attention and Hand Safety

For example, you can begin thinking differently about preventing hand injuries by seeing there are contributors to problems that go beyond just the hands. To this end, my colleague Ron Bowles demonstrates that the brain is the command center of attention and hand safety.

The way the brain recognizes and processes information directly affects hand safety. Such an internal approach might include helping workers identify unknowingly accepted risks that can lead to hand injuries. For example, most people – especially right-handers who comprise approximately 90 percent of the population – infrequently use their offhand and have little idea where it is while performing many tasks. This can lead to injuries stemming from workers resting their offhands in places they shouldn't. By the way, these and other methods for directing attention have to go way beyond just exhorting people to "Pay attention!"

Think of the arms and hands as extenders for manipulating objects (machining, assembling, cutting, carrying); their position and alignment can either enhance or decrease their safety.

The torso is a fulcrum from which originate arm and hand actions, leverage and control. The feet and legs are the base, which provides support for all work done by the hands; foot placement and overall balance are critical to arm strength and hand safety.

Once you help workers learn to better adjust to specific tasks, it is possible to make breakthroughs in hand safety that go beyond providing "more of the same" external controls.

The strongest safety leaders believe there are potential solutions to even the most challenging problems. And, rather than doing more of the same, they break out of the mold to try different approaches in their quest for attaining highest-level safety performance.
16th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Simple Maitenance Request
Where does it lie in the repair program is it really that urgent
Here is a great risk matrix for use in those situation and for others to consider when asking for repairs to equipment
16th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Identifying Accident prone Areas in the Workplace

There are many accident-prone areas in the workplace, especially if your job already carries with a certain degree of risk. It is the main responsibility of the employer to ensure that the workplace is safe, and one major step is identifying major safety hazards in the workplace so that they can be eliminated.

Factors that can help identify an accident-prone area

There are several factors present in a workplace that can give one the conclusion that the area is unsafe. These include exposed electric wiring or outlets, unguarded heavy machinery, constant noise, wet floors, cluttered office spaces, high exposure to sunlight, very warm temperatures, and workspaces located up on a tall height or on a mobile area. Workplaces that have poor lighting, with no clear fire exits and no ventilation are generally unsafe. So are workplaces where employees are exposed to caustic and toxic chemicals. In cases like these, use of protective clothing and gear is important.

Employees who see these hazards present in the workplace must report them immediately so that prompt action can be taken to remove these hazards.

Safety programs for accident-prone areas

It is better for employers to conduct safety programs that will ensure the health and safety of workers. An employer can conduct a risk assessment of the workplace as a start. This is useful in identifying potential hazards for elimination. The program should also include the provision of clean toilets and sanitation facilities, as well as conduct seminars to teach workers how to deal with injuries. Other aspects that should be included in a typical work safety program include sending a daily memo to workers reminding them to work safely. Encouragement of break periods is a must to prevent over fatigue and repetitive strain injuries. The employer should also include putting up suitable signs and providing first aid facilities as part of any safety management program in the workplace.

Tips to Avoid Accidents

Avoiding accidents in the workplace is the first step to preventing lost hours from work and expensive health care fees. This is an important area in the workplace that employers need to ensure in order to provide safe working environments for their employees.

What are some of the common accidents in the workplace?

Common accidents in the workplace include falls, trips, slips, lifting injuries, crushing accidents, falls, and strikes from a moving or a stationary object. Other types of injuries that you can encounter in the workplace include burns, whether chemical, thermal or electrical, lacerations, repetitive strain injuries and back and neck injuries. Slips, trips and falls can major tissue trauma and minor or major broken bones. Burns can lead to tissue trauma, and repetitive strain injuries can lead to discomfort and in severe cases, an inability to use the injured limb.

These accidents, however, can be prevented with the right safety measures. Working areas where the employer clearly has not taken any measures to keep employees safe from work hazards can allow injured employees to sue for damage.

How can you prevent such accidents?

Prevention is the most important measure to avoid workplace accidents. Keeping walkways and workspaces well lighted, free from clutter, and the floors from any spills will reduce the risk of any accidental trips, slips or falls. Making sure that ladders work well and are stable enough for use will prevent falls. Workers who are do jobs that require bending lifting, pushing and pulling need to be fit and should engage in regular strength training exercises. Workers exposed to hazardous, toxic chemicals and other substances need to use protective gear at all times to prevent undue exposure.

Workers who engage in repetitive motions in their jobs should take a break in order to stretch and relax their joints and muscles in order to prevent repetitive strain injuries and prevent the risk of fractures.

Do any of these statements sound familiar?

• It was just a little scrape, it really wasn’t worth reporting.

• I was just so busy I forgot.

• It didn’t seem like a big deal at the time.

• I wasn’t sure I should report it so I didn’t.

• It was my own fault so I was embarrassed to say anything.

• I couldn’t leave my class!

Members who do not report workplace accidents lose the protection of the Workplace Safety and Insurance Act. Failure to report also allows the conditions that caused the accident to go unchecked and leave colleagues vulnerable to similar injuries.

What Type of Accident/Injury Should be Reported?

All accidents/injuries that occur on the worksite, or that arise out of and in the course of employment, no matter how trivial, should be reported to the employer.

Not every injury is reported to the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board. An employer need only report accidents if the member is unable to earn full wages, or if the injury necessitates some form of health care, (e.g. physiotherapy).

Remember: “If in doubt – FILE!”

Common Workplace Accidents

Accidents in the workplace occur approximately 1.6 million times a year. This is an alarming statistic, especially since most accidents, even minor ones signify a certain time away from work. It is therefore very important to identify the major causes of accidents as the first step in preventing them in order to reduce injury and health care costs.

Examples of common workplace accidents

Workplace accidents are categorized as trips or slips, falls, strikes from an object, lifting accidents, and falls from heights. Trips and slips are caused by clutter or slippery surfaces. This can be the result of floors not being properly mopped for spilled liquid or leaked machinery fluids. Clutter can also result in trips which can further lead to minor and sometimes major injuries. Defective flooring and poorly lighted areas can put workers at risk for tripping and slipping. Falls from heavy objects overhead can also occur when pulling boxes from shelves. Falls from heights are common in construction areas and in workplaces where tall ladders are used.

Dealing with common workplace accidents

Prevention is the best way to reduce the incidence of common accidents in the workplace. The installation of adequate lighting, cleaning up the floors of spilled fluids, clearing workspaces of clutter, and making sure that supportive devices for climbing atop tall heights are secure are just some of the measures one can take to prevent workplace accidents. Each workplace must also have emergency medical equipment available such as an emergency first aid kit or a nurse’s station to handle injuries before specialized treatment becomes available. If your job requires you to do some heavy lifting, such as in orderly or nursing aid jobs, it is better to condition your body for work. Develop stronger abdominal, hamstring and back muscles through regular exercise and strength training.

Promoting Safety in the Workplace

The creation of a safe workplace is not the sole responsibility of the employer, although he or she is mainly responsible for keeping the place as safe as possible. Workers have to do their part in order to keep their workplace free from hazards. With the combined efforts of employers and workers, a safe working environment where hazards are minimal is very possible.

What employers can do to create and promote a safe workplace

There are various steps employers can do to create a safe workplace for workers. The most important area where this can be done is perhaps the environment. Employers need to conduct routine maintenance and checks of equipment to make sure that they are in good condition. Numerous work accidents arise due to faulty equipment and machines or equipment that was not used properly. Routine maintenance and checks of the environment is also a good way to spot danger prone areas that can be fixed in order to eliminate health hazards.

Another measure that employers can take to create a safe environment at work is to provide workers with the right protective gear such as hard hats, gloves, coveralls, gas masks and the like to workers who are exposed to various hazards at work. Creating a disaster plan is another measure that employers can take to ensure that workers know what to do in case of an emergency. The installation of a company health unit for emergencies should also be done so that emergencies can be dealt with promptly while waiting for specialized medical services.

What employees can do to create and promote a safe workplace

Workers, on the other hand, can also take measures to reduce their risks of injuries in the workplace. These include engaging in regular strength training to make the abdominal, the hamstring and the back muscles strong, since all these muscles are required when lifting heavy objects. The adoption of proper body mechanics should be applied in all procedures, and break periods to stretch and relieve oneself of muscle strain are also helpful. Workers should listen and participate actively during emergency drills, as the skills taught here can help one deal with a crisis effectively.
17th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary
Good morning to all, Another one from side regarding — Wear Helmet — Dear Penney,. Thanks a lot for your inputs. . . Keep on sharing. . .
17th January 2011 From United States, Fpo

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Here are some training items Ive written over the last year
18th January 2011 From Canada, Calgary

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File Type: ppt Excavation.ppt (338.0 KB, 437 views)
File Type: ppt Eye Protection.ppt (2.89 MB, 399 views)
File Type: ppt Fire Extinguisher Trainingme.ppt (2.35 MB, 503 views)
File Type: ppt hand_safety.ppt (2.19 MB, 425 views)

Dear All
Nice to see a great participation from all of you... Sorry for being away from the site for quite long time...
Special thanks to all who contribute and participate into this thread, even though I am not naming each one... All videos are really useful and uniqe ones... The write up, presentations and links from Mr. Terry is just adding more flavour to our this thread... This will surely help other peoples interest into our thread and hope all enjoying learning thorugh sharing...
Let's keep up the pace and keep on sharing and gaining...
Now let's have a look into the attached film... Just another example of taking shor cut and funny too...
18th January 2011 From India

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Dear Penney & Dipil,
Mr. Penney --RECOMMENDED TARPING SAFETY TIPS-- helps a lot to me I was searching that very long time now got it from you thank you very much. . .Thanks for your Presentation also. . .
Welcome back Mr.Dipil thanks for your video. . .
I am by IPHONE I can’t upload/download anything for two to three days due to my personal work. . .
Keep on sharing. . .
18th January 2011 From United States, Fpo

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