Dear Friends,
Let us learn industrial safety!
Kindly send me the definition of occupational safety.
Many safety professionals have different understanding of the term. We can find out the best and adopt please.
Kesava Pillai

From India, Kollam
Dear Kamlesh,
There are thousands of ppt presentations on occupational safety. The definition of occupational safety embraces very many different fields. Kindly specify what kind of industry, and the level of participants. The one that is presented to safety professionals is of no use to workers and what we present to workers is of no use to supervisors/engineers and so on.
Hope you realize and project your requirement pl
Kesava Pillai

From India, Kollam
Dear kesava Pillai i need Above mention subject in oil refinery and level of the participant are safety officer and technician.
From Kuwait
Dear Friend,
I am attaching a simple presentation on fundamentals.
Kindly confirm whether you are working in safety department or not.
In a refinery there are very many different activities . Hazards are different from one activity to another. Just like the hazards and safety rerquirements for a confined space work is different from that of welding and cutting in a restricted area.
Training is required for specific activity since refinery is considered to be a hazardous operation.
In case you require ppt on a specific topic kindly advise, I may be able to help either with my own or from OSHA.
Rregards and good luck,
Kesava Pillai

From India, Kollam

Attached Files
File Type: ppt SafetyHealthPPT 1.ppt (1.48 MB, 2423 views)


Dear Kesava Pillai,

Occupational safety and health is a cross-disciplinary area concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment. The goal of all occupational safety and health programs is to foster a safe work environment. As a secondary effect, it may also protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers, suppliers, nearby communities, and other members of the public who are impacted by the workplace environment. It may involve interactions among many subject areas, including occupational medicine, occupational (or industrial) hygiene, public health, safety engineering, chemistry, health physics, ergonomics, toxicology, epidemiology, environmental health, industrial relations, public policy, sociology, and occupational health psychology.

Since 1950, the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have shared a common definition of occupational health. It was adopted by the Joint ILO/WHO Committee on Occupational Health at its first session in 1950 and revised at its twelfth session in 1995. The definition reads: "Occupational health should aim at: the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations; the prevention amongst workers of departures from health caused by their working conditions; the protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from factors adverse to health; the placing and maintenance of the worker in an occupational environment adapted to his physiological and psychological capabilities; and, to summarize, the adaptation of work to man and of each man to his job."

The reasons for establishing good occupational safety and health standards are frequently identified as:

* Moral - An employee should not have to risk injury or death at work, nor should others associated with the work environment.
* Economic - many governments realize that poor occupational safety and health performance results in cost to the State (e.g. through social security payments to the incapacitated, costs for medical treatment, and the loss of the "employability" of the worker). Employing organizations also sustain costs in the event of an incident at work (such as legal fees, fines, compensatory damages, investigation time, lost production, lost goodwill from the workforce, from customers and from the wider community).
* Legal - Occupational safety and health requirements may be reinforced in civil law and/or criminal law; it is accepted that without the extra "encouragement" of potential regulatory action or litigation, many organizations would not act upon their implied moral obligations.

From India, Bangalore

@ Kesav Pillai
Dear Sir,
Actually I dont' lnow the exact definition of Occupational Health? But the concept is somewhat clear in my mind...
I would like to clear the follwing with your help:
1. Both occupational safety & industrial safety are same?
2. Some times its using HSE and sometimes its OHS? Is there any difference?
3. Why always co-relating Health, Safety & Environment?
Hope for a positive reply.
With regards,
Dipil Kumar V

From India
Dear Dipil,

First of all let me thank you for once. I really wish youngsters in the profession not to worship what is written by others but start questioning when ever there arises a doubt -how ever silly it may seem. Really I love to have such meaningful ones for discussion in this forum and I assure you to try and answer to the best of my ability.

For professional safety:

1. Occupation safety and industrial safety are quite different.

To make it light; occupational safety is concerned with safety in any activity in which one is engaged. Safety in sleeping, seeing, hearing, crying, fighting arguing, jumping thieving or occupying an enemy territory, occupying a room, occupying a chair, or occupying the post/position like fitter, welder, President and for that matter engaging in any kind of employment for wages or otherwise will all come under occupational safety.

As you can see occupational safety is so wide it embraces each and very activity one can imagine.

On the other hand industry is always productive. It produces goods and services.

Scope of industrial safety is limited to safety in industries and related activities only.

2. OHS, SHE, and HSE are all the one and the same SAFETY.

In post diploma curriculum I have experienced that the definition of safety is never explained. I had the chance to conduct interview for many candidates for Gulf countries and I regret to say that on asking; not even one was able to give me the definition.

“Occupational safety is that branch of art and science devoted to the identification, evaluation and control of those factors and stresses arising in and out of work place which my cause accidents and/or ill health, and significantly contribute to the discomfort and inefficiency among the workers and citizens of the neighborhood”

From the definition above you can see that safety encompasses all the three – Safety, Health and Environment.

OHS, SHE, and HSE are only stylish names for safety which causes confusion among those who have no in-depth knowledge in occupational safety.

3. A safety professional can easily realize that safety encompasses all the three - safety, health and environment. He can not look at these separately. Though disciplines are different failure of one impacts the other. A Medical (Health) officer mainly advises on health issues and attends to injury/illness in industry. An environmental engineer manages about environmental issues. However a safety officer should have minimum knowledge and skill to manage health and environmental issues. He only checks and implements health and environmental measures. Most industries may not even have a medical officer and manage with first aid facilities. They also may not have environmental engineer too. Co-ordination is entrusted to Safety department, Safety has to lead the way and as such these three are co-related.

From India, Kollam
Dear Dipil.
NSD on March 4th : Though the work was started during 64-65 period for the formation of NSC-India it was approved by the President only on March 4th 1966 and it is celebrated as such.
Green colour as you know is identified by custom all over the world as the colour to say GO -it is safe. By the same custom Red is to identify danger -warning.
Way back in 65-66 period we just started with the green triangle as the logo for NSC in line with Britain to make it easy. In fact we copied it same way as we copied almost every thing for Factories Act 48 except the clause on spittoons.
Kesava Pillai

From India, Kollam

@ Keshav Pillai
Dear Sir
Bringing back a doubt in our old discussion. Please give your comment on this.
As you have mentioned in this quote that NSC-India it was approved on March 4th 1966. Now this year we have celebrated 39th NSD. So the calculation is not matching. If we start celebrating NSD from 1966, it must be now 44th NSD.
Pls. give your valuable comment on this.
With regards,

From India
Dear Dipil;
Thanks for the question.
Though NSC officially came into existence in 1966 bringing it into the right perspective took years.
(You may note that it took years to have a building of NSC's own, It was working in few congested rooms in CLI in the early days.)
After few years only the idea struck on celebrating its birth day. You can realize the
the point now.
Kesava Pillai

From India, Kollam

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