Dear All,

I know its very commanly used Abbreviations & Acronyms....But do we know what it stands for..........

Try out this...Will provide answers soon........But searching for ans will surely help us...

Those who already knw can ignore... :)

Frankly speaking i missed many :(
  1. How do we better know the Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino?
  2. What does SIM stand for in cellular telephone industry?
  3. One of the most successful small cars on Indian road is ZEN from Maruti. What does it mean?
  4. CIPLA was set up by Khwaja Abdul Hamied in 1935 in India. Expand CIPLA?
  5. What is CALS, an initiative framework for e-commerce developed by US Department of Defence?
  6. What does the abbreviation FFP stand for as in airlines jargon?
  7. If you buy health drink brands you would have noticed the words RDA Balanced Formula on it. What does it mean?
  8. Expand SKG in the production house Dreamworks SKG?
  9. The famous luxury goods maker IKEA was founded in 1943 by Ingvar Kamprad. What does IKEA mean?
  10. In computer terminology what does the acronym VERONICA stand for?

From India, Delhi
How do we better know the Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino? FIAT
What does SIM stand for in cellular telephone industry? Subscriber Identification Module

One of the most successful small cars on Indian road is ZEN from Maruti. What does it mean?
Zero Engine Noise OR the explanation below:
The word zen is an abbreviation of the word zenna (also zenno), the Japanese way of reading
Chinese ch'an-na (short form, ch'an). This is turn is the Chinese version of the Sanskrit
word dhyana, which refers to collectedness of mind or meditative absorption in which all dualistic distinctions like I/you, subject/object, and true/false are eliminated. Zen can be defined both exoterically and esoterically.
Exoterically regarded, Zen , of Ch'an as it is called when referring to its history in
China, is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that developed in China in the 6th and 7th
centuries from the meeting of Dhyana Buddhism, which was brought to China by Bodhidharma, and Taoism. In this sense Zen is a religion, the teachings and practices of which are directed toward self-realization and lead finally to complete awakening or enlightenment as experienced by Shakyamuni Buddha after intensive meditative self-disciple under the Bodhi-tree. More than any other school, Zen stresses the prime importance of the enlightenment experience and the uselessness of ritual religious practices and intellectual analysis of doctrine for the attainment of liberation. Zen teaches the practice of zazen, sitting in meditative absorption as the shortest, but also the steepest, way to awakening.
The essential nature of Zen can be summarized in four short statements: 1) "(a) special transmission outside of the orthodox teaching"; (2) non-dependence on sacred writings; and (3) "direct pointing to the human heart:; leading to (4) realization of one's own nature and becoming a buddha". The pregnant characterization of Zen is attributed by tradition to Bodhidharma, its first patriarch; however, many modern scholars suspect that it originated rather with the later Ch'an master Nan-ch'uan P'u-yuan.
According to legend the "special transmission outside the orthodox teaching" began with the famous discourse of Buddha Shakyamuni on Vulture Peak Mountain. At that time, surrounded by a great host of disciples who had assembled to hear him expound the teaching, he is said only to have held up a flower without speaking. Only his student Kashyapa understood and smiled--as a result of his mater's gesture he suddenly experienced a breakthrough to enlightened vision and grasped the essence of the Buddha's teaching on the spot. With this, the first transmission from heart-mind to heart-mind took place. In Zen, which is often also called the "School of Buddha-Mind," sudden enlightenment has played a central role.
Esoterically regarded, Zen is not a religion but rather an indefinable, incommunicable
root, free from all names, descriptions, and concepts, that can only be experienced by each individual for him-or herself. From expressed forms of this, all religions have sprung.
In this sense Zen is not bound to any religion, including Buddhism. It is the primordial
perfection of everything existing, designated by the most various names, experienced by all great sages, saints, and founders of religions of all cultures and times. Buddhism has referred to it as the "identity of samsara and nirvana." From this point of view azan is not a "method" that brings people living in ignorance to the "goal" of liberation; rather it is the immediate expression and actualization of the perfection present in every person at every moment.

CIPLA was set up by Khwaja Abdul Hamied in 1935 in India. Expand CIPLA? Chemical,
Industrial & Pharmaceutical Laboratories
Ciplawas founded by Khwaja Abdul Hamied in 1935 and was known as The Chemical, Industrial and Pharmaceutical Laboratories, though it is better known by the acronym Cipla today.
Cipla was registered in August, 1935 as a public limited enterprise and it began with an
authorized capital of Rs. 6 lakh. Today, the company is one of the leading Indian
pharmaceutical companies.
Though set up in 1935, it was only in 1937 that Cipla began manufacturing and marketing its pharmaceutical products. Today, the company has its facilities spread across several locations across India such as Mumbai, Goa, Patalganga, Kurkumbh, Bangalore, and Vikhroli.
Cipla commands an important position in the Indian pharmaceutical industry by dint of its pioneering efforts in manufacturing cost-effective drugs for patients infected with
HIV-AIDS.


What is CALS, an initiative framework for e-commerce developed by US Department of Defence?
CALS has been the abbreviation of different words depending upon changing and acting
fields. Chronogically they are listed below as:
1985-Computer Aided Logistics Support
1988-Computer Aided Acquisition and Logistics Support
1993-Continuous Acquisition and Life-Cycle Support
1997-Commerce At Light Speed

“CALS is a joint government/ industry strategy, focused on reengineering existing business processes into highly automated and integrated defense system life-cycle management process. Life-cycle in this context covers concept, design/develop, build, maintain, and dispose of a defense system.
The purpose of CALS is to reduce defense system time to market, reduce total ownership cost, and improve quality, across the life-cycle. Information Technology (IT) is an enabler used to support the adoption and use of a shared data environment based on international standards to manage the DS technical information. Embedded in the CALS philosophy is the adoption of a rational approach to manage the production, access, management, maintenance, distribution and reuse of digital technical information. This will enable more effective creation, exchange, and use of defense system and equipment technical information over the life-cycle. In this context, information is of vital importance and must be treated as a valuable asset.”

What does the abbreviation FFP stand for as in airlines jargon? Frequent Flyer Program
A frequent flyer program (FFP) is a service offered by many airlines to reward customer loyalty. Typically, airline customers enrolled in the program accrue points corresponding to the distance flown on that airline. Accrued points (also known as frequent flyer miles) can be redeemed for free air travel; for other goods or services; or for increased benefits, such as airport lounge access or priority bookings.
The primary method of obtaining points in a frequent flyer program is to fly with the
associated airline. Most systems reward travellers with a specific number of points based on the distance travelled (such as 1 point per mile flown), although systems vary. In Europe, for example, a number of airlines offer a fixed number of points per flight regardless of the distance. The calculation method can become complicated, with additional points given for flying first or business class, and often fewer points given when flying on discounted tickets.
With the introduction of airline alliances and code-share flights, frequent flyer programs are often extended to allow benefits to be used across partner airlines.
Many programs also allow points to be obtained not just through flying, but by staying at participating hotels, or renting a vehicle from a participating company. Other methods include credit cards that offer points for charges made to the card, and systems which allow restaurant diners to earn miles by eating at participating restaurants.
Programs differ on the expiration of points. Some expire after a fixed time, and others
expire if the account is inactive for an extended period (for example, three years).

If you buy health drink brands you would have noticed the words RDA Balanced Formula on it.
What does it mean? Recommended Dietery/Daily Allowance
The RDA are dietary standards: the levels of intake that the Committee on Dietary
Allowances of the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Research Council/National
Academy of Sciences considers "adequate to meet the nutritional needs of practically all healthy persons." But they were designed to provide food service personnel who prepare food for large groups of people with a set of values for desirable intakes of key essential nutrients and appropriate intakes of calories. The quantities of these essential nutrients in the food offered each day could then be compared with the RDA to determine whether the key nutrients were being provided in large enough amounts to prevent any nutritional inadequacy.


Expand SKG in the production house Dreamworks SKG?
Spielberg, Katzenberg,and Geffen (DreamWorks Studios)
DreamWorks, LLC, also known as DreamWorks Pictures, DreamWorks SKG or DreamWorks Studios, is a major American film studio which develops, produces, and distributes films, video games, and television programming. It has produced or distributed more than ten films with box-office grosses totalling more than $100 million each. Its most successful title to date is Shrek 2. The company was founded following Katzenberg's resignation from The Walt Disney Company in 1994. At the suggestion of Spielberg's friend, the two made an agreement with long-time Katzenberg collaborator Geffen to start their own studio. The studio was officially founded on October 12, 1994 with financial backing of $33 million from each of the three main partners and $500 million from Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen.

The famous luxury goods maker IKEA was founded in 1943 by Ingvar Kamprad. What does IKEA mean?
Ingvar Kamprad Elmtaryd Agunnaryd (Swedish home furnishings retailer founder's initials and location)

In computer terminology what does the acronym VERONICA stand for?
Very Easy Rodent-Oriented Net-wide Index to Computer Archives
Veronica is a search engine system for the Gopher protocol, developed in 1992 by Steven Foster and Fred Barrie at the University of Nevada, Reno.
Veronica is a constantly updated database of the names of almost every menu item on thousands of Gopher servers. The Veronica database can be searched from most major Gopher menus.
The name, although officially an acronym for "Very Easy Rodent-Oriented Net-wide Index to Computer Archives", was chosen to match that of the FTP search service known as Archie — Veronica Lodge being the name of another character from the Archie Comics.

From India, Delhi
Very Good Compilation - Pl Keep Posting.
Regards -

From United States, Saint Peters
some more quest......
TRY TO SOLVE..
Turin lies on which river?
Which country has the international car registration RA?
A methuselah of wine holds the equivalent of how many bottles?
Launched in 1960, what was the name of the first US communications satellite?
Who invented jeans?
What does a cartophilist collect?
Which European city had the Roman name Lutetia?
What is the green pigment found in most plants that is responsible for absorbing light energy?

From India, Pune
SIM- Subscribers Identification Module.

CIPLA- Chemical, Industrial & Pharmaceutical Laboratories.

FFPFederal Financial ParticipationFFPFresh Frozen PlasmaFFPFirm-Fixed-Price (Contract)FFPFood for PeaceFFPFrequent Flyer ProgramFFPFédération Française de PsychiatrieFFPFull Function PointFFPFiber Fabry-PerotFFPFamily First PartyFFPFar-Field PatternFFPFalsification, Fabrication, and PlagiarismFFPFast-Filter ProcessorFFPFédération Française des Psychomotriciens (France)FFPFinal Firing Position (sniper term)FFPFirst Field PhaseFFPFast Field ProgramFFPFiltering Facepiece (respirator)FFPFast Fruit's PerformanceFFPForced First Person (gaming perspective)FFPFirst Fatal PissFFPFuel Fabrication PlantFFPFast Facility Protection (Alcatel)FFPFixed Fee ProcurementFFPFast Feature Platform (Siemens)FFPFire Fighting Pacific (Christchurch, New Zealand)FFPFree Food ProgramFFPFuel Flow ProportionFFPFate, Fred, & the Painter (band)FFPFast Filtering ProcessorFFP
Flexible Fine PitchFFP File to File Protocol

RDA Recommended Daily/Dietary Allowance

SKG- Shahrukh Khan Gauri

IKEA-Ingvar Kamprad Elmtaryd Agunnaryd

VERONICA- Very Easy Rodent Oriented
Very Easy Rodent Oriented Netwide Index to Computerized Archives

ONE MORE MY SIDE--

WILLS- Women's In London Like & Love Sardarji.

From India, Nagpur
Well Raj ur contribution has made all difference.....remarkable job done by u........ Keep it up dear:icon1:
From India, Delhi
brilliant questions and excellent answer. hats off to you both. keep updating us with such a valuable informations.:-P
From India, Ghaziabad
BlankHi Abhi
Pls find below the answers
1) Turin lies on which river?
On the River Po
2) Which country has the international car registration RA?
Argentina
3) A methuselah of wine holds the equivalent of how many bottles?
A Methuselah Wine Bottle holds 6 litres of wine. which is equal to Eight bottles of wine.
4) Launched in 1960, what was the name of the first US communications satellite?
Echo satellite
5) Who invented jeans?
Levi Strauss invented the jeans.
6) What does a cartophilist collect?
The collecting of cigarette cards or chewing gum cards depicting famous people, baseball players, etc
7) Which European city had the Roman name Lutetia?
Paris
8) What is the green pigment found in most plants that is responsible for absorbing light energy?
chlorophyll

From India, Madras
CALS stands for Continuous Acquisition Life Cycle Support SIM stands for subscriber identity module RDA stands for Recommended Dietary Allowance Thanks & Regards Bindu
From India, Hyderabad
Excellent Post, the questions were mind boggling and the answers were absolutely interestin... Keep up the good work guys, now i know how intrestin this site can really get...
Thanks & Regards,
Reagan Lemos

From India, Mumbai

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