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How did you learned Hindi? Simple-By observing others and reading and then obviosly speaking what you have read and observed.If your mother tongue is Hindi this would have started at a very young age when you started observing and following your family members.nobody taught Hindi grammer than.
So to be profecient in English you will have to increase your exposure to English communication.This is generally happening at work place or if you are a student,at college also.If not you can increase your exposure by:
1)Start reading English newspaper and keep a dictionary with you.This will increase your vocabulary,pronounciation and sentence construction also.For more formal writing definitely read editorial section.They are very good.
2)Once you have understood some article and the meaning of all the words there,start reading the article aloud(in front of a mirror) if possible.This will icrease your confidence when you speaking English.Secondly,your mind will start absorbing some of the words and sentences that you will read.Language profeciency is a phenomenon of memory also: The more words,their proper tenses and sentence flows that are in your mind,the less you will have to think while speaking or writing in English.This can only be achieved through practice.
3)Watch English news channnels-the flow of English of the anchors is beautiful,:Their pronounciation,words/style which is generally semi formal will give you more everyday kind of conversation in English.If possible record any of these programmes and watch it and PRACTICE ANY PARTICULAR CONVERSTION WHICH YOU WERE ABLE TO UNDERSTAND AND FOLLOW.This will give your mind more info to store and recall from when you are speaking or writing.
4)Watch English movies/channels which have subtititles.Example-AXN,Star Movies,HBO,Times Now etc.This will expose you to some very casual styles of everyday English conversation and again:PRACTICE ANY PARTICULAR CONVERSTION WHICH YOU WERE ABLE TO UNDERSTAND AND FOLLOW.
5)Finally:Practice in real situations what you have learnt-Initially you might hesitae, maybe even goof off: But if you are following the above pratcices seriosly,believe me the goof offs will be very few and your English in many instances will be better than someone whom you might think is good at English.
Get back for any clarity or help
Our problem is not English, as a language. Most of the us are facing the same problem that we can read well, even in writing, we are very good in English language, the problem persists when it comes to speaking. I am working as a lecturer in Management, few of my students are from other countries. & while talking to them I observed that they do not care about the grammar. as we do while conversing in our mother tongue. our main problem is that we think in hindi or punjabi or in our regional language & then translate the same in english. that translation gap make us feel conscious while talking to others in english.
Why do we think of
a) " mujhe jana hai" when we can think of "I have to go"
b) "mujhe bhukh lagi hai" instead of " I am feeling Hungry"
c) "Ki Fark Penda Hai" in english "What makes the difference"
d) "mujhe nind ayi hai" in english "I am feeling sleepy"
e) "tumne to muje dra hi dia" ab enhlish me darna bhi sikh lo "you scared the hell out of me"
We can learn English from our self only. start walking in english, start talking in english, start thinking in English, drinking, sleeping, weeping, crying & show the world that we are not less than others in any means.
So, dear friend start talking to yourself in English if there is no one around you to talk to you, & then you will be able to talk with others as well. Now-a-Days you can easily learn how to pronounce a word from internet, so dear friend go for it.
Pick one article and read it aloud everyday...preferably in front of a mirror. Jot down words that you don't understand and look them up later. Always keep a pocket dictionary handy. Talk in english as much as you can. You will make mistakes but that's the only way you'll learn. Try and watch english movies and grasp new words. Also, listen to good Indian speakers like Shashi Tharoor and Saif Ali Khan. Being patient but persistent is the key here. All the best.
Umesh: There are three aspects to learning a language - Visual (things you can see - reading & writing), Speech (speaking), and Effectiveness (using the right language, vocabulary, grammar, intonations etc., for the right occasion conveying the text, meaning, and feelings correctly, without adverse affects on the recipient). Mastery in any one of the three does not necessarily mean mastery in others. On the same note, being a master in reading, writing and speaking in a particular language does not mean that you are an effective communicator. Effective communication takes a lot more than just being able to read/write/speak in a language (as mentioned above).
Coming to learning English, there are two major challenges. One - Grammar related (vocabulary, sentence formation, etc.). Two - Accent related (mostly intonations).
1. Grammar related – You can learn this by reading any number of English publications out there (National and international English News papers/websites/magazines, such as timesofindia.com, msnbc.com, cnn.com, News Week, India Today, Times, People etc.). Look up a dictionary if you don’t know the meaning of any word (Dictionary.com | Find the Meanings and Definitions of Words at Dictionary.com). This will help you not only in building your vocabulary, but also in learning how to construct sentences as well as how to use the words you learn in a sentence.
2. Accent/intonations – We often make fun of Indian English for its accents and idioms, but believe it or not, every country has its own accent of English. The US has over half a dozen different accents, UK has at least 4 distinct and heavy accents (British, Welsh, Northern Irish, Scottish) and numerous dialects, and God Bless some of the European and Asian accents – I can’t understand them even if my life depended on it! So, don’t worry about this in the beginning. But to get a handle over accent, first start talking in a slow, deliberate and enunciated manner. Speak very clearly. Also hear some English shows/movies from around the world to understand how words are generally pronounced. If not, just look up the word on Dictionary.com | Find the Meanings and Definitions of Words at Dictionary.com, and there you will often find a little speaker icon next to the meaning that contains a short audio of how the word is pronounced. Just learn it and keep practicing. Also try to imitate the person you are talking to. After all is said and done, the purpose of our speaking is for the listener to understand.
Regarding how to learn a language, I second Rajinder’s advice. Start thinking “in the language” you want to learn. As babies, when we are learning how to speak, we don’t have any language to form our thoughts in. As we are forming our thoughts, we invariably start forming them in the language we hear the most (our mother-tongue, or the language our parents speak). As we start going to school, we pick the language and accents that our classmates or friends speak. If this is different from the language we speak at home, we often get confused, but eventually end up picking up both languages. Thereafter, as we continue thinking, our thoughts are involuntarily formed in the language we are closest to (whether it is our mother tongue or another language). And finally, mastery comes in the language our thoughts are formed in. This is the reason why, once we are grown up, it becomes difficult to learn a new language, because we find it very difficult to force ourselves to think in a language different from what our thoughts have been forming in for most of our lives.
Therefore, force yourself to “think” in the new language (in this case, English). It is initially very hard to do so. However, with conscious effort, you can rewrite the sub-conscious mind and retrain your thoughts to use English as the preferred language. Once you train yourself to do that, you are well on your way to mastery in English.
All the best.
Speaking English is easy. Very first, you read the magazines / books / articles for small boys. (These stories would have small sentences. These sentences are regularly talked in our day to day communication). Read these stuff regularly. This would be easy to grasp. This would help in increasing your confidence in English language.
After getting a general understanding by going thorugh above stories / news, you would get a grip / confidence in reading as well as speaking English. After few days / weeks, you start talking sentences with your freinds, realtives, at your proffessional group in English.
Same time, start thinking in English only. If you do not get the words while thinking, pl refer Dictionary.
Above practices in your regular day, would make you confidence in speaking english, any time, anywhere.
Practice, Practice and practice.
Reliance, RCP, NaviMumbai.
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