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What is the difference between a grievance and a complaint?
From India, Lucknow

Both grievance and complaint are manifestation of displeasure. But grievance is more personal in nature and shall be the result of a situation which may not warrant a correction whereas complaint shall originate mainly because of a situation which can be corrected by action by others. Suppose that an organisation's Daily hours of work is 8 hours from 8 am to 4 pm, and suppose an employee joins the organisation who has to travel a lot to reach the office at 8 am. He can have a grievance but she cannot have a complaint for that. At the same time, if he is asked to reach at 7.30 am then he can complain and get his grievance corrected.
From India, Kannur


The terms "grievance" and "complaint" are often used interchangeably, but they have distinct meanings, particularly in certain contexts like employment and legal environments.

Definition: A complaint is a formal expression of dissatisfaction or concern about a situation or service.
Scope: Complaints can be informal or formal and can be related to a wide range of issues, such as customer service, product quality, or general dissatisfaction.
Process: The process for handling complaints varies widely depending on the context but often involves a customer service or support team reviewing and addressing the issue.

A customer complains about poor service at a restaurant.
An employee complains about a colleague's behavior to a supervisor.

Definition: A grievance is a formal, structured complaint typically related to violations of rights or terms of an agreement, especially within an organizational context like a workplace.
Scope: Grievances are usually formal and are often related to specific contractual or legal rights, such as labor agreements, workplace policies.

Process: The process for handling grievances is usually formalized and detailed, often involving specific steps such as filing a written statement, formal investigation, and possible arbitration or mediation.

An employee files a grievance against the employer for not adhering to the terms of the collective bargaining agreement.
A union member files a grievance over unsafe working conditions.

Key Differences
Formality and Structure:

Complaint: Can be informal or formal, less structured.
Grievance: Formal, highly structured process.

Complaint: Can be made in various contexts (customer service, general feedback, etc.).
Grievance: Typically associated with employment or contractual disputes.
Nature of Issue:

Complaint: General dissatisfaction or minor issues.
Grievance: Serious issues related to rights, legal matters, or contractual obligations.
Resolution Process:

Complaint: May involve simple resolution steps, such as customer service handling the issue.
Grievance: Involves formal procedures, possibly including legal or arbitration processes.


From India, Bangalore
ashok pal

If I go to doctor's clinic and I said to doctor that particular medicine does effect me properly, then it is a complain. If I said to doctor that your assistant did not allow me to come to you even I came here first. It is Grievance.

From India, Indore
A grievance is a formal complaint, often lodged through an established process, usually within an organizational or legal context. It typically involves issues such as workplace conditions, violations of rights, or breaches of contracts. Grievances require a structured response and are often documented for record-keeping and follow-up.

A complaint, on the other hand, is generally less formal and can be expressed verbally or in writing. Complaints can range from minor issues to significant concerns but don't necessarily follow a formal process. While grievances often require formal resolution, complaints might be addressed informally through direct communication or simple corrective actions.

From India
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