Dismissal may be regarded unfair when it is made:
1. In utter violations of the principles of natural justice ,
2 . Without framing charges or/and without conducting domestic enquiry ,
3. Without giving fair and proper opportunity to defend his/her case,
4. Relying on the terms of appointment letter, disguising dismissal under the garb of simple discharge to avoid going through disciplinary procedure,
The above is the bottom line of the Apex Courts' judgements during past 50+ years on this subject but by no means is comprehensive .
16th June 2019 From India, Mumbai