This is post is an attempt to give a brief about Impact of an Increase in Basic Salary & Past Service on Gratuity Liability & Need of Investment for Gratuity Liability by Companies having 10 or more employees in previous 12 months.
Gratuity benefits are governed by "The Payment of Gratuity Act 1972" and paid by the employer to an employee on exit from service after he has rendered continuous service for not less than five years:
(a) On his superannuation
(b) On his resignation
(c) On his death or disablement due to injury or disease.
In case of (c) vesting condition of 5 years does not apply.
Liability on account of gratuity experiences sharp increase every year due to the nature of its computation. Apart from an increase in service, an increase in salary also contributes to increase in liability substantially as the benefits are payable on the last drawn salary.
For Example,
Gratuity Liability of an employee of 35 yrs. with basic salary as Rs, 26,000/- and have completed 5 years of Past service as on 31.03.2018 will be :-
(15/26)*26000*5 = 75,000/-
Case 1
Gratuity liability with Increase of 1 year past service and without any increment in Basic Salary.
Gratuity Liability of an employee of 36 yrs. with basic salary as Rs. 26,000/- and have completed 6 years of Past service as on 31.03.2019 will be :-
(15/26)*26000*6 = 90,000/-
Case 2
Gratuity liability with Increase of 1-year past service & 5% increment in Basic Salary (i.e. 26000*1.05 = 27300/-)
Gratuity Liability of an employee of 36 yrs with basic salary as Rs. 27,300/- and have completed 6 years of Past service as on 31.03.2019 will be :-
(15/26)*27300*6 = 94,500/-
Gratuity Liability on retirement in 31.03.2043 with 5% increment in Basic Salary {i.e. 26000*(1.05^25) = 88045/-}
Gratuity Liability of this employee on retirement at age 60 yrs with basic salary as Rs. 88,045/- with 30 years of Past Service as on 31.03.2043 will be :-
(15/26)*88045*30 = 15,23,860/-
From above example, it is clear that with a small change of 5.00% in basic salary, increases the gratuity liability by 1.26 times in 1 year. Similarly 5% increase over next 25 yrs in Basic Salary will increase the gratuity liability 20.32 times which is payable on 31.03.2018 . Hence it becomes mandatory for employer to start investing in Gratuity Fund with consistent growth and insulated from market risks.
To know more about : -
1. Steps Involved in creating a Gratuity Fund,
2. How to use Gratuity Fund as Retention Tool for curbing the attrition rate,
3. Quantum of Income Tax Benefits of creating Gratuity Fund,
4. Steps Involved Approval of Gratuity Trust Fund from competent Authority,
5. Critical issues & Features of Group Gratuity Schemes of LIC and Private Insurance Companies
2nd February 2019 From India, Delhi
" On his death or disablement due to employment injury or disease."
Section 4 of Payment of Gratuity reads as follows
Payment of gratuity. —
(1) Gratuity shall be payable to an employee on the termination of his employment after he has rendered continuous service for not less than five years,—
(a) on his superannuation, or
(b) on his retirement or resignation, or
(c) on his death or disablement due to accident or disease:
Death need not be due to employment.
2nd February 2019 From India, Pune
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