Sir What are the welfare points define in factories act? Regards Jagan
From India, Pune
Dear Jagan
Please find some salient features.
(1) Cleanliness of the factory premises -
Every factory shall be kept clean and free from effluvia arising from any drain, privy or other nuisance. It is specifically provided that in a factory -
— Accumulations of dirt and refuse shall be removed daily, by sweeping or any other method, from the floors and benches of work rooms and from stair cases and passages, and disposed off in a suitable manner;
— The floor of every room shall be cleaned. This shall be done at least once every week by washing, using disinfectant or by some other effective method;
— Where a floor is liable to become wet in the course of any manufacturing process to such an extent as is capable of being drained, effective means of drainage shall be provided.
— All inside wall and partitions, all ceilings or tops of rooms and all walls, sides and tops of passages and staircases shall
a) Be painted or varnished, and repainted and revarnished at least once in a period of five years; where they are painted or varnished, be cleaned at least once in a period of 14 months by such methods as may be prescribed by the Government.
b) Where painting or varnishing is not required, be kept white washed or colour washed, and the white washing or colour washing shall be carried out at least once in every period of 14 months
2) Overcrowding –
No room in any factory shall be overcrowded to such an extent which becomes injurious to the health of the workers employed therein. The Chief Inspector of factories by order in writing shall fix the maximum member of workers to be employed in each room in the factory.
(3) Lighting –
The Factories Act provides for sufficient and suitable lighting, natural or artificial where workers are working or passing through. Provision of cleaning of inner and outer surface is provided for all glazed windows and skylights used for the lighting of the workrooms. In every factory, effective provision shall be made for the prevention of
(4) Drinking Water –
In every factory, effective arrangement shall be made at suitable places for sufficient supply of wholesome drinking water. Such places shall be legibly marked ‘Drinking Water’ in a language understood by a majority of the workers employed in the factory. In case of factories employing more than 250 workers, provisions shall be made for cooling drinking water during hot weather by effective means, and for its distribution.10
(5) Latrines and Urinals –
a) Sufficient latrine and urinal accommodation conveniently situated and accessible to workers while they are in the factory;
b) Separate enclosed accommodation for male and female workers;
c) Such accommodation being adequately lighted and ventilated;
d) All such accommodation being maintained in a clean and sanitary condition;
e) Sweepers being employed to clean latrines, urinals and washing places.
Where the number of workers in a factory is more than 250 –
i) Latrines and urinals shall be of prescribed sanitary types;
ii) The floor and internal walls of the latrines and urinals shall be laid with glazed tiles;
iii) Floors and walls and the sanitary pans of latrines and urinals shall be thoroughly washed and cleaned at least once in every seven days with suitable detergents or disinfectants or with both.
(6) Spittoons –
Sufficient number of spittoons must be provided in every factory and maintained in clean and hygienic condition. No person shall spit within the premises of a factory except in the spittoons. A notice containing this provision and the penalty for its violation shall be prominently displayed at suitable places in the factory premises.
(7) Washing facilities -
a) adequate and suitable facilities for washing for the use of workers in the factories. The workers who live in crowded areas have inadequate facilities for washing at their homes, and bathing facilities add to their comfort, health and efficiency.b) Separate and adequately screened washing facilities for the use of male and female workers.c) Such facilities being conveniently accessible, and being kept clean.
(8) Facilities for storing and drying clothes –
A suitable place for keeping clothes not worn during working hours shall be provided in every factory. Facilities shall also be provided for the drying of wet clothes.
(9) Facilities for sitting –For workers who are to work in a standing position, suitable arrangement for sitting shall be provided in the factories. This is to enable workers to take advantage of any opportunity for rest which may occur in the course of their work.
(10) Canteens –In factories employing more than 250 workers, there shall be a canteen for the use of workers. The government may prescribe the rules in respect of the —
— Food stuff to be served in the canteen;
— Charges to be made;
— Constitution of a managing committee for the canteen; and
— Representation of the workers in the management of the canteen.
(11) Shelters, restrooms and lunch rooms –Adequate and suitable shelters, rest rooms, and lunch rooms with drinking water facility shall be made in factories employing 150 workers or more. Workers can eat meals brought by them in such rooms. Rest and lunch rooms shall be sufficiently lighted and ventilated. It shall be maintained in cool and clean conditions.
(12) Creches –In every factory, where more than 30 women workers are employed, provision shall be made for suitable and adequate room for the use of children under the age of six years of such women. Such a room shall be adequately lighted and ventilated.
It shall be maintained in clean and sanitary conditions under the charge of a woman trained in the care of children and infants.
(13) Welfare Officer –
The factories Act also provides for employment of welfare officers with prescribed qualification to look into the implementation of various facilities provided for. Such a provision exists in every factory employing more than 500 workers.
Shailesh Parikh
99 98 97 10 65

From India, Mumbai
Factories Act Prescribes that Every Employer Provide/Ensures Sufficient and Adequate Measures to Safety, Health, Welfare and Working Hours of the Workforce in his/her Establishment which all put together/combined are in te ambit of Employee Welfare
Kritarth Team,

From India, Delhi

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