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In your 1st case as per my knowledge its applicable sandwich rule. employee is absent continuously from 1st September to 4th, if he present on 4th then sandwich rule not applicable.
2nd case if employee takes leave from Monday i.e 15th to 17th then only 2 days will deduct from his leave balance i.e 15th & 16th only considering he will present on 13th & 18th
From India, Mumbai