cgnanij
9
Employed

Who is the father/Founder of HR :?:
From India, Madras
karan5 HR Executive
My self. Karan the Father of HR .................... :arrow: :arrow: :arrow: :arrow: :arrow: :?: :?: :?: :?: :?: Just Kidding!!!! man 8)
From India, Pune
cgnanij
9
Employed

Thanks Tom. Want to share few info about Elton

Elton Mayo

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George Elton Mayo (December 26, 1880 - September 7, 1949) was a psychologist and sociologist.

He lectured at the University of Queensland from 1919 to 1923 before moving to the University of Pennsylvania, but spent most of his career at Harvard Business School (1926 - 1947), where he was professor of industrial research.

Mayo is known as the founder of the Human Relations Movement, and is known for his research including the Hawthorne Studies, and his book The Social Problems of an Industrialised Civilization (1933). The research he conducted under the Hawthorne Studies of the 1930s showed the importance of groups in affecting the behaviour of individuals at work. However it was not Mayo who conducted the practical experiments but his employees Roethlisberger and Dickinson. This enabled him to make certain deductions about how managers should behave. He carried out a number of investigations to look at ways of improving productivity, for example changing lighting conditions in the workplace. What he found however was that work satisfaction depended to a large extent on the informal social pattern of the workgroup. Where norms of cooperation and higher output were established because of a feeling of importance. Physical conditions or financial incentives had little motivational value. People will form workgroups and this can be used by management to benefit the organisation. He concluded that people's work performance is dependent on both social issues and job content. He suggested a tension between workers' 'logic of sentiment' and managers' 'logic of cost and efficiency' which could lead to conflict within organisations.

Criticism regarding his employees' procedure while conducting the studies:

The members of the groups whose behaviour has been studied were allowed to choose themselves.

Two women have been replaced since they were chatting during their work. They were later identified as members of a leftist movement.

One Italian member was working above average since she had to care for her family alone. Thus she affected the group's performance in an above average way.

Summary of Mayo's Beliefs:

Individual workers cannot be treated in isolation, but must be seen as members of a group.

Monetary incentives and good working condition are less important to the individual than the need to belong to a group.

Informal or unofficial groups formed at work have a strong influence on the behaviour of those workers in a group.

Managers must be aware of these 'social needs' and cater for them to ensure that employees collaborate with the official organisation rather than work against it.

Mayo's work in the Hawthorne Experiments was later modified by Douglas McGregor as they did not originally show how work practices and organisational structure should be modified in order to improve worker satisfaction and productivity. McGregor suggested that the links between organisational design, motivation and productivity were more complex than first thought by Mayo.

Regards

cgnanij

From India, Madras
Hiren50
8
Portfolio Management

One should also be concerned with what followed thereafter. I have seen so many people offering recruitment courses on this forum in the past one month. One of the primary function of HR is to ensure the right candidate for the right job which is desireable both from the individual and the company'c perspective. Despite so many HR consultants in the US, there are people writing entire books about the misery of being in the wrong occupation- http://mypyp.wordpress.com/. One then becomes skeptical of the recruitment process and the people offering them - the efficacy of psychometric tests and so on.
Apart from being invited by the insititue from where I did my MBA(International management insitute), I have been asked by an American Institute to write a white paper on this issue. How far is recruitment or talent management effective? That is the mother of all questions if I may say so. Brothers, sisters, sons, daughters who carry the baton forward are equally if not more important.

From India, New Delhi
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