Hi,, I am unable to understand the concept of leaves so I would request you people to understand and helps in calculation of carry forwarded leaves and everything. thanks regards hr
From India, New Delhi
Labour Law & Hr Consultant
Master Consultant
Samuel R
Digital Marketing
Senior Manager - Human Resources
Srf Ran Engineer

Labour Law Index

See without specifying your organizations nature of activity this is quite difficult. But generally speaking these are the following laws that regulate leaves :-

Factory act

Shops and Establishment Act

Payment of Wages Act

Weekly Holidays Act

Sales Promotion Employee Act

For factory holidays see Working Hours Under Factories Act 1948

For Holidays under shops and establishment act see:

Mahrashtra Holidays https://shopsandestablishmentactsind...ablishment-Act

Karnataka https://shopsandestablishmentactsind...taka-Must-Know

Tamil Nadu https://shopsandestablishmentactsind...ablishment-Act

Andhra Pradesh https://shopsandestablishmentactsind...-Establishment

Punjab & Haryana https://shopsandestablishmentactsind...ablishment-Act

Delhi Office Of The Labour Commissioner

Sales Promotion Employee

From India, Kolkata

Dear Ankita,

In continuation of the reply of our learned member Labour Law Index, I would like to bring it to your attention that all kinds of leave pertaining to a particular year are not to be carried over to the successive years. Only such a type of leave which requires accrual based on attendance as specified in the applicable establishment-oriented labour law or leave regulations has to be carried forward in case it is not availed by the employee subject to certain statutory limit. All other kinds of leave like casual leave, sick leave etc., would get lapsed if not availed by the employee at the end of the calendar year. However, unavailed portion of certain leave like sick leave has surrender value at the time of termination of employment.Therefore, up-to-date maintenance of leave account of employees then and there is a must.

From India, Salem

Leave is governed by the either Factories Acthe or by Shops and Establishmentservices Act depending upon on the nature of activity carried out.
Only Earned leave is applicable in case of Factory and SL ML & PL are applicable in case of Shops & Establishment.

From India, Bangalore

Ms Ankita,
Your query has been answered by Labour Law Index with reference to applicable laws/Acts. I would further add to the aspect of carry forward of leave. The law permits carry forward of leave to a limited number of leaves. Why we allow carry forward of leave, is a question to understand. In brief, the principle is to allow the employees to put in their work, and take leave according to requirement of their circumstances. And it also helps the employer to direct the employees to attend to work when their services are needed in any kind of exigency, the leave can be postponed as the carry forward of leave is allowed by the employer. Hope this meets your curiosity and helps you understand the basics in simple terms.
srivastavacmlal at

From India, New Delhi
Samuel R

Hi Ankita,
There is no standard policy for calculating leaves. Carry Forwarded leaves are those leaves which you take it (carry forward) to the next year, this becomes the opening balance in leave for the new year. Carry Forward takes place at the end of the year based on the company policy.
greytHR is a tool that manages leave, automates the process of leave year end that is lapsing leaves, carry-forward, auto-encash, etc. It allows a smooth functioning of the transaction. Refer to the blog for understanding various leave policies. Understanding leave and leave policies

From India, Bengaluru

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