Holidays for private establishments are governed by the respective State's Industrial Establishments (National and Festival Holidays) Act. Under these Acts, there are two types of holidays, viz, national holidays and festival holidays. National Holidays are clearly defined also. For instance, it will be provided that to declare January 26th, May 1st, August 15th and 2nd October as holidays . At the same time, the number of festival holidays to be given in a year only will be mentioned in the Act. It can be 5 festival holidays, or nine festival holidays depending upon the state enactment. Here which all festivals should be observed as closed holidays for the establishment shall be decided by the company in consultation with the employees. Therefore, if any of the festival of your choice comes on a Sunday in a particular year, you can give some other festival holiday for that year. In the case of National Holidays, since it is not the choice of the employer but it is the days specified in the Act itself, if any of these days come on a Sunday in a particular year, then there is no need to give another day as holiday. For example, in 2016, there are two national holidays falling on Sunday. They are May 1st (this may not be a notified holiday under all state Act) and 2nd October. There is no need to give another day as holiday to compensate the holiday lost. Obviously in respect of employees who do not get weekly off on Sundays but on some other days, this would be a holiday for them.
31st may be a festival holiday and you can give such number of festival holidays in 2016 apart from holidays coming on Sundays.
Madhu.T.K 21st September 2016 From India, Kannur