Can anyone guide me if these questions are legal to ask in a application for Job.
Date of birth:
Place of birth:
Marital Status:
No of Children:
Identification marks:
Blood Group:
If scheduled caste/ Back ward / Tribe please specify:
Identity Card No [Voters ID / National ID/ Aadhar/Passport]:
PAN Card No:
Father’s Name:
Mother’s Name:
Husband’s / Wife’s Name:
Do you think it's ethical to ask such questions like religion/caste and up to what extent its illegal to ask related questions and Do we have any law in India specifically for this purpose?
Thanks for considering

From India, New Delhi
Dinesh Divekar
Business Mentor, Consultant And Trainer
Learning & Teaching Fellow (retired)
Industrial Relations
Ramadasan M
+2 Others


Have you ever give a thought on how the SC/ST/BC/MBC/OBC categories claims the job/study opportunity on the basis of caste. Once they claim on the basis of caste, then the employer must know how much percentage of workers been engaged on caste category. Even in Parliament, such questions arise. How much SC / ST / BC / OBC / MBC vacancies have been filled during the financial year, How much vacancies are not filled till now, how much percentage vacancies are filled by other communities due to non availability of the specific community. And these questions are being replied by the concerned Ministry and the government offices are sending the details to the concerned ministry.

Without knowing the details how the employer can give the feedback.

Further if you are not interested to give the details you can leave it blank and it will be considered as other communities category. The employer / educational institutions cannot compel you to fill the Caste / Community column.

Hope you understood the purpose of asking such question.

From India, Kumbakonam
For an instant even if I agree with you on SC/ST question. What about religion, why any employer would want to know my religion and what it has to do with the Job performance. I understand that you said it can be left blank but so the Job opening. My question still remains same is there any specific law regarding this..??
I think that SC/ST/OBC quotas or any reservation quota are only in govt sector not in private companies.

From India, New Delhi

Dear Hardeep
As a matter of fact, the religion is asked to avoid future confusion. If an employee dies and no one receives the corpse of the employee, the last rites to be done. It varies from community to community. If one mention the same in his application, then it will be easy for the employer to do the last rite to the deceased as per his tradition. This is the reason, the Armed Forces asks for the religion and caste details. (That was explained to me).

From India, Kumbakonam
Dear Hardeep,
I am no HR expert. Please study the material at and Pre-Employment Inquiries - Discrimination Pitfalls - Idaho Commission on Human Rights More links at What is legal/acceptable or not depends upon a country's/State's laws. Though one may not ask some of the questions at the time of applying for a job, they can/should be asked for various reasons as explained by S. Bhaskar.

From United Kingdom
Dear Hardeep,
Your question is on the legality of asking certain questions in the application blank that employers provide. For this the answer is simple. If you look at the ads published for the government sector, then in the format of the application that they publish, they cover in general the questions that you have mentioned. Therefore, it is legal to ask these questions. Matter ends there.
Dinesh V Divekar

From India, Bangalore
There is a long lasting relationship built between the employer and employee, not like a porter who gets reward for carrying the load for a certain distance and the relationship ends there. Through the details in the application we are declaring certain details about us which will be helpful for the employer in future. Employers design the format foreseeing the future implications and complications. Database of employees are created using these details and hence the details declared becomes a record and legally valid for future. They cannot be termed as illegal.
From India, Mumbai
Let us know why did you get annoyed with this type of question, do you feel shy stating your caste or religion.
I hope this forum is meant for gaining knowledge and getting advices when anyone is stuck up. Not to satisfy the annoyance or to give clarification for what hurts anyone

From India, Ahmadabad
Dear Mr. Hardeep,
Asking all these details at the time of application in any job posted by private organization is not ethically right.
But it the same is asked at the time of joining then it is all correct.
But if any organization ask for all these details at the time of job application, you can not stop them for the same, as every organization have different policies.
You can call it unethical but not illegal.

From India, Gurgaon
Illegal Interview Questions

These practices will help you hire the most qualified candidate using legal, documented interview methods, including avoiding illegal interview questions.

Learn to assess job candidates on their merits. When developing evaluation criteria, break down broad, subjective impressions into more objective factors.

Obviously, you must prepare for the interview by reviewing the application, resume, cover letter, test results, and other materials submitted by the candidate. Try and put the candidate at ease and ask interview questions that can’t be answered with a "yes" or "no" response.

These open-ended questions allow applicants to tell all about their skills, knowledge and abilities. Some examples are: "Why are you leaving your current employer?" "Do you prefer routine, consistent [work or fast-paced tasks that change daily?” "And why?"

Interview Problems to Avoid Including Illegal Interview Questions

Interview questions and issues you want to avoid include the following:

asking improper, even illegal interview questions,

making discriminatory statements, and

making binding contract statements.

The following are examples of interview questions that should be avoided in interviews because they may be alleged to show illegal bias. This is why they are illegal interview questions.

Are you a U.S. citizen? (adversely impacts national origin)

Do you have a visual, speech, or hearing disability?

Are you planning to have a family? When?

Have you ever filed a workers’ compensation claim?

How many days of work did you miss last year due to illness?

What off-the-job activities do you participate in?

Would you have a problem working with a female partner?

Where did you grow up?

Do you have children? How old are they?

What year did you graduate from high school? (reveals age)

As you can see, these rather simple and seemingly non-threatening questions can easily violate one of the aforementioned dangers when conducting interviews.

From India, Surat

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