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But in simple way, The Factories Act is a social and national legislation act which has been enacted for occupational safety, health and welfare of workers at work places. And it applies to factories covered under the Factories Act, 1948. The industries in which ten (10) or more than ten workers are employed on any day of the preceeding twelve months and are engaged in manufacturing process being carried out with the aid of power or twenty or more than twenty workers are employed in manufacturing process being carried out without the aid of power, are covered under the provisions of this Act.
For more : http://labour.nic.in <link fixed> and India. The Factories Act
Shops and Establishment Act: is a state legislation act and each state has framed its own rules for the Act. The object of this Act is to provide statutory obligation and rights to employees and employers in the unauthorized sector of employment, i.e., shops and establishments. This Act is applicable to all persons employed in an establishment with or without wages, except the members of the employer’ family. The shops and establishments Act of different states extend to the whole of the state and within each state, it covers such areas as the State Government may notify from time-to-time.
for more visit : Shops and Establishments
Also I suggest you to visit :
2nd February 2013 From India, Gurgaon
2nd February 2013 From India, Mumbai
Factory Act is applicable for any establishment who is engage in manufacturing and production activities with or without help of electricity and demands better working condition, health and safety for workers
Shops and establishment Act is applicable for all other establishment who are not engage in manufacturing and production activities and it regulated working hours, conditions of work etc.
For example : you are manufacturing toys and 20 people are working in your organisation. This will fall under factories Act
Yours is. Sales and distribution company and has any no of employee from 1 to 1000 it falls under shops and establishment Act. The panwala hotelwala to big corporate offices all falls under shops and establishment Act
3rd February 2013 From India, Mumbai
Shop and Establishment Act is applicable to Urban areas ( in specific cases State will notify the geographical area). The Act is enforced by Local self Government, i.e. Municipality or Municipal Corporation as the case may be.
In F.Act there are extensive provisions for protection of safety and health at work while in S & E Act there are no provisions for OHS except provisions like water, sanitation and weekly off.
3rd February 2013 From India, Coimbatore
If an organization does not utilise electricity for their manufacturing porposes, it is coming under Shops and Establishments Act.
Also please note that an organization managing a factory and also a sales office and/or administrative office and/or corporate office, those offices are covered by shops and establishments act.
To understand the acts, you have to go through the books of law.
3rd February 2013 From India, Pune
I would like to know the difference between the security personnel wages of shops and establishment and notified wages (higher) in GO No 43 dt 28 May 2010 vide rates have been fixed recognizing security as industry , especially in AP
Is there any GO that which ever is higher principal employer has to follow the same as one client wish to follow Shops and establishment being lower rates
11th April 2013 From India, Hyderabad