Hi! Your questions were good. Please allow me to share how things are in our country and the others that I know:
1. Unions are legal and legitimate organizations inside a company. Their existence is guaranteed by law, esp. the Labor Law or Code. Their legal existence must conform to certain ground rules like Registration with the Department of Labor and Certification on Elections.
2. The Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) is a compulsory, legal, valid, and generally accepted mode of union and management negotiation. The CBA has a life of 3-5 years, signed by both management and union representatives, printed formally in booklet form, and issued to all members of the union and management.
3. The scope of negotiations cover a vast area, including those you mentioned. There are some areas that cannot be covered by CBA. These things are considered to be management prerogatives, e.g.: hiring, firing, discipline, & demotion.
Hope this can help you start your research. Best wishes.
Ed Llarena, Jr.
13th July 2004 From Philippines, Parañaque
It will be helpful for my study.
What you told me concerns Philippines or other country?
If I have other questions on this subject, may I ask you?
Once again thank you.
And of course if you have questions about french HR management do not hesitate to ask me.
13th July 2004 From France, Paris