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Kesava Pillai

Dear Dipil,

Hope you have studied the ppt before posting. I wonder how you could post it to prove that there are different formulas applicable to different types of slings!

(The title of the ppt is “Safety in Rigging and Erection Operations.” I find there is no mention of any erection related points though unrelated topics like allowable noise level, Gas cylinders safety -10 commandments , specification of welding glass, causes of backfire, nozzle data, proper method of lifting method-manual are included. ) I am sure it is the creation of not a knowledgeable person in the field.

From the ppt it is clear that there are chain slings and web slings too. However I am not able to make out any different formulas applicable to different types of slings.

Now what is the formula applicable from the ppt? What you derive from the one formula in the ppt?

How will you interpret it and prove the main point?

Rigging is a specialization. It is often part of erection. In erection rigging is not always employed.

Safety officer need not be a rigger. However it is always recommended to understand at least fundamentals on this subject to effectively monitor the site. Now let us start to learn by getting simple answers for the following questions:

What is rigging?

How do Riggers move heavy loads?

What are the responsibilities of riggers?

What are the job site considerations?

Slinger, signallar and Banksman- responsibilities?

After getting the answers from interested ones if any we will go further.


Kesava Pillai

From India, Kollam
raghuvaran chakkaravarthy

Dear Kesav,

Nice to see your regular participation on our thread whenever you participate on our forum we learn some new things. Let's go to the topic.,,

What is rigging?

The process of lifting and moving heavy loads with ropes, chains, and mechanical devices


Rigging describes the task of lifting & hoisting, positioning, moving & transporting heavy loads. This includes the use of Cranes, Load Movers and Heavy Haul Trucking.


Rigging - It is the handling or load or loads. It includes the maneuvering, shifting, lifting and fastening of loads in accordance to procedures and safe practices.

How do riggers move heavy load?

A rigger needs to have technical skills in order to move heavy loads safely and efficiently. Riggers use such gear as high capacity jacks to lift the load off the ground, similar to a car jack lifting a vehicle. The load is then placed on dollies and pulled with a pulling vehicle - such as a forklift - out of the building. Outside, the load is lifted onto a flatbed truck with a crane and transported to another location where the process starts in reverse.

What are the responsibilities of rigger?

• Inspecting objects to be moved, to estimate their size, shape and weight and decide on the type of equipment necessary

• Erecting a temporary jib or derrick, and install cables, pulleys, booms, braces and other tackle

• Attaching hooks, slings, chains and cables to lift loads safely

• Erecting cranes and mobile crane booms, increasing the height of tower cranes by bolting component parts in place and rigging cables

• Erecting structural steel for buildings and precast-concrete panels used on facades of buildings

• Inspecting, maintaining and repairing equipment

• Ensuring that work safety requirements are met at all times

• Splice ropes and cables to make slings and tackle

• Erect precast-concrete panels used on facades of buildings

• In general, the rigger does the majority of work required outside of the truck cab. The rigger is in effect, a second set of eyes for the driver. The tasks are labor intensive.

• Operate a tag line when positioning loads

• Reports directly to the driver while in the field.

What are the job site considerations?

Handling, setting and erection of materials and equipment are a hazardous occupation. Each operation presents its own peculiar problems and no two jobs are alike. With proper consideration taken, each job can be performed free of bodily harm to the employee and without damage to the equipment and/or property. The person authorized and qualified to do rigging must always pay close attention to careless moment or act can result in serious injury or death and tremendous property damage. Proper rigging is an art and should never be left to the inexperienced. If you don’t know how to-do it properly, then don’t attempt it. Persons performing rigging tasks usually already have four strikes against them when they start.

• Unfavorable Job conditions.‡

• Job Schedule to meet.

• Work safely

• Need to meet all legal requirements using proper standard signals etc.,,

In our workplace we are using slinger and signaller as a same person he holds the below responsibilities while performing the job;

• Conform with manufacturer’s requirements as per technical data, other types of information source and relevant regulations and legislation

• Interpret and extract information on all relevant documentation

• Undertake all pre-use checks on non-specialist lifting accessories and identify non-serviceable items

• Explain procedures for placing non-serviceable items out-of-service

• Identify centers of gravity and estimate weights of loads

• Prepare and ready the area of operation

• Choose the relevant lifting accessory for a given load

• Explain action required for hazards, underground and overhead services

• Secure various types of load to a lifting hook using the relevant lifting accessory and procedures

• Ensure load balance, security and integrity

• Direct and guide the movement of loads to different types of location

• Accurately place loads

• Arrange, use and comply with communication procedures

• Maintain safe working situations

Responsibilities of Banks man;

A banks man is the individual in charge of crane operations within a site. Because cranes may not always have great visibility of the loading area, the banks man comes in handy in the management of such activities. The banks man is also known as the reversing assistant in many civil engineering circles.

His responsibility includes;

• Traffic Management

• Monitoring of Loading Areas

• Loading and Unloading etc..,,

Awaiting for your comments.

From United States, Fpo

Dear Sir
This was one of the presentations in my Data Collection. I have only looked for the different formula given for calculations, frankly not studied the entire presentation before uploading. I have uploaded the presentation by thinking that it may help others. From your reply it came to know that it is not such a great presentation.
When comes to SWL of wire ropes, commonly using formula is 8x Dia in mm square... This is the only formula which coming to my mind when think about SWL of Wire Rope Slings. As we using all the slings in which SWL is embossed not yet gone in depth to think about it.
In the attached presentation Slide No: 8 – Formula for calculating SWP. It’s not clear to me, also the graph. Can you help me to understand this slide?
Other queries put up by you Raghu already given detailed inputs... Please let us know more in detail from your side...

From India
Dear Dhruv,
OSHAS is really important which needs HIRA (Hazards identification and risk assessment), which gives you a path to break all the necessary working activity to break up in micro activity and analyze them with the risk parameter and if any severe fault in process is there then how to mitigate or remove the factors...

From India, Bangalore
please provide steps to complete HIRA,hoe to give risk numbers
From India, Mumbai
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