You might have received the various kinds of leave rules that are existing in various concerns. As far as Government servants concerned, there is a separate set of rules existed. As far as Andhra Pradesh Government concerned, the A.P.Leave Rules, 1933 are in existence with several amendments for the benefits of its eemployees.
I explain the various leaves hereunder as per APLR-1933.
Casual Leave:- There is a provision to avail 15 days Casual leave in a calender year. If you do not avail the 15 days, the balane of leave will be lapsed.
Earned Leave:- There is a provison for 30 days earned leave ( paid leave) for every employee i.e., 15 days will be credited in every six months. This earned leave is a permanent leave without any any lapse. You can avail the leave whenever required with full pay. Balance of leave will be added to the next year, till the retirment of the employee. After retirement, the entire balance of leave will be culminated into cash subject to maximum of 240 days and paid to the employee in cash as per the rate of pay as on that day. That is Leave enchashment on retirment. Moreover, there is a provision for surrender of 15 days earned leave every year or 30 days of earned leave once in two years for encashment purpose.The earned leave will be reduced to that extent, and leave encashment will be paid to the employee.
Half pay leave:- There is a provsion of 20 days half pay leave per year. This is also permanent leave and carried forwarded to the next year, till the retirment of the empolyee. But threre is no leave encashment benefit.However, subject to certain conditions, Half pay leave can also be encashed on retirement. The half pay leave can be availed by the Govenment employee as and when required with half of the pay. However, due to emergency circumstnces under Medical grounds, half pay leave can be availed by cummuting the half pay eave into fullpay . That means, you can avail 40 half pay leaves for 20 full days payment of salary on Medical grounds.This is what is called as " Half pay leave commuted into full pay".
Leave Not due:- There is a provision for sanction of leave not due i.e., leave can be sanctioned eventhough there is no balance of any leave to the credit of the Government employee, subject to the condition that quantum of leave period will be deducted in the future leave acrued in his service. This fecility is prerogative of the Government on special circumstances, but not as a matter of right of the employee.
Study Leave:- There is a provison for sanction of study leave to the extent of 5 years with or without pay on the circumstanes of the case. The Government are only competent to sanction such leave on special circumstances under Public Inerest, but not on the request of the employee. This is a rare leave and certain higher category of employees are eligible to receive Study leave under special circumstances, but not on routine way.
Extra-ordinary leave:- This is a leave on loss of pay. If the employee is not having any credit in his leave account, he can request the aughorities to sanction extra-ordinary leave ( i.e., Leave on Loss of pay - without pay and allowances). The extra-ordinary leave can be sanctioned upto 5 years with the permission of the Government, but however under special circumstances on the request of the employee.
Maternity leave:- The maternity leave is entitled to avail by every Women Government employees subject to production of Medical Certificate. The Maternity leave is extended upto 4 months with full pay and allowances. However, Government restricted this leave to avail by women government servants for two Confinements onl
Paternity Leave :- It is under proposal by the Government. It is meant for male Government servants to look aftery their wives during delivery time to attend to their wives and childrn.It is not so far materializedimplmentation, but there is a proposal to give benefits of this type of leave to Male Governmnt servants, as it is in vougue in some Private Orgnizations.
As per the Fundamental rules of the Government of
Andhra Pradesh, Leave (except Casual leave ) cannot be claimed as a matter of right.
11th December 2008 From India, Vijayawada