Dear All,

Welcome to another useful thread from CRK's desk..

This thread is for sharing our knowledge on various aspects of Human Resource Management, its administration and functioning, useful articles, definitions, theory and practical scenarios.

You are invited to visit this thread frequently for continuous and regular postings on important aspects of HR.

Helpful contributions from Experts, Seniors, Experienced and also freshers are highly invited..

Hope this thread brings in lots of knowledge, refreshing the subject.

An Introduction -

Human Resource Management (HRM), a relatively new term, that emerged during the 1930s. Many people used to refer it before by its traditional titles, such as Personnel Administration or Personnel Management. But now, the trend is changing. It is now termed as Human Resource Management (HRM). Human Resource Management is a management function that helps an organization select, recruit, train and develops..

Human Resource Management is defined as the people who staff and manage organization. It comprises of the functions and principles that are applied to retaining, training, developing, and compensating the employees in organization. It is also applicable to non-business organizations, such as education, healthcare etc. Human Resource Management is defined as the set of activities, programs, and functions that are designed to maximize both organizational as well as employee effectiveness

Scope of HRM without a doubt is vast. All the activities of employee, from the time of his entry into an organization until he leaves, come under the horizon of HRM.

The divisions included in HRM are Recruitment, Payroll, Performance Management, Training and Development, Retention, Industrial Relation, etc.. which will be discussed below in following posts...

Thanks & Regards


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From India, Vijayawada
Branch Manager - Operations
Human Resource Consultant
Hr Manager-employee Relation
Hr Professional
Intern At Gail India Limited
+6 Others


Human Resources Generalists, Managers, and Directors, depending on the size of the organization, may have overlapping responsibilities. In larger organizations, the Human Resources Generalist, the Manager, and the Director have clearly defined, separated roles in HR management with progressively more authority and responsibility in the hands of the Manager, the Director, and ultimately, the Vice President who may lead several departments including administration.

HR directors, and occasionally HR managers, may head up several different departments that are each led by functional or specialized HR staff such as the training manager, the compensation manager, or the recruiting manager.

Human Resources staff members are advocates for both the company and the people who work in the company. Consequently, a good HR professional performs a constant balancing act to meet both needs successfully.

The Changing Human Resources Role

The role of the HR professional is changing. In the past, HR managers were often viewed as the systematizing, policing arm of executive management. Their role was more closely aligned with personnel and administration functions that were viewed by the organization as paperwork.
When you consider that the initial HR function, in many companies, comes out of the administration or finance department because hiring employees, paying employees, and dealing with benefits were the organization's first HR needs, this is not surprising.

In this role, the HR professional served executive agendas well, but was frequently viewed as a road block by much of the rest of the organization. While some need for this role occasionally remains — you wouldn’t want every manager putting his own spin on a sexual harassment policy, as an example — much of the HR role is transforming itself.

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New HR Role

The role of the HR manager must parallel the needs of his or her changing organization. Successful organizations are becoming more adaptable, resilient, quick to change direction, and customer-centered.

Within this environment, the HR professional, who is considered necessary by line managers, is a strategic partner, an employee sponsor or advocate and a change mentor. At the same time, especially the HR Generalist, still has responsibility for employee benefits administration, often payroll, and employee paperwork, especially in the absence of an HR Assistant.

Depending on the size of the organization, the HR manager has responsibility for all of the functions that deal with the needs and activities of the organization's people including these areas of responsibility.

- Recruiting
- Hiring
- Training
- Organization Development
- Communication
- Performance Management
- Coaching
- Policy Recommendation
- Salary and Benefits
- Team Building
- Employee Relations
- Leadership

With all of this in mind, in Human Resource Champions, Dave Ulrich, one of the best thinkers and writers in the HR field today, and a professor at the University of Michigan, recommends three additional roles for the HR manager.

HR Role: Business and Strategic Partner

In today’s organizations, to guarantee their viability and ability to contribute, HR managers need to think of themselves as strategic partners. In this role, the HR person contributes to the development of and the accomplishment of the organization-wide business plan and objectives.

The HR business objectives are established to support the attainment of the overall strategic business plan and objectives. The tactical HR representative is deeply knowledgeable about the design of work systems in which people succeed and contribute. This strategic partnership impacts HR services such as the design of work positions; hiring; reward, recognition and strategic pay; performance development and appraisal systems; career and succession planning; and employee development.

To be successful business partners, the HR staff members have to think like business people, know finance and accounting, and be accountable and responsible for cost reductions and the measurement of all HR programs and processes. It's not enough to ask for a seat at the executive table; HR people will have to prove they have the business savvy necessary to sit there.

HR Role: Employee Advocate

As an employee sponsor or advocate, the HR manager plays an integral role in organizational success via his knowledge about and advocacy of people. This advocacy includes expertise in how to create a work environment in which people will choose to be motivated, contributing, and happy.
Fostering effective methods of goal setting, communication and empowerment through responsibility, builds employee ownership of the organization. The HR professional helps establish the organizational culture and climate in which people have the competency, concern and commitment to serve customers well.

In this role, the HR manager provides employee development opportunities, employee assistance programs, gain sharing and profit-sharing strategies, organization development interventions, due process approaches to problem solving and regularly scheduled communication opportunities.

HR Role: Change Champion

The constant evaluation of the effectiveness of the organization results in the need for the HR professional to frequently champion change. Both knowledge about and the ability to execute successful change strategies make the HR professional exceptionally valued.

Knowing how to link change to the strategic needs of the organization will minimize employee dissatisfaction and resistance to change.

The HR professional contributes to the organization by constantly assessing the effectiveness of the HR function. He also sponsors change in other departments and in work practices. To promote the overall success of his organization, he champions the identification of the organizational mission, vision, values, goals and action plans. Finally, he helps determine the measures that will tell his organization how well it is succeeding in all of this.


From India, Vijayawada

RECRUITMENT Attached some useful collected files on recruitment.. CRK
From India, Vijayawada

Attached Files (Download Requires Membership)
File Type: ppt recruitment.pps.ppt (277.5 KB, 1456 views)
File Type: ppt Recruitment flow chart.ppt (38.0 KB, 1400 views)
I am kartik, working as a HR-Recruiter/Executive in a CMMI LEVEL3 company in Hyderabad, Andhrapradesh.
Just now i went through your postings. These are awesome and are very helpful to the freshers who started their career as a HR.
Heaps Of Thanks

From India, Hyderabad

Thankyou AVS for your response and feedback for most of my threads..... This thread goes a long way...... educating, refreshing, enhancing skills and knowledge sharing........:) CRK
From India, Vijayawada
HI CRK its very good article and interesting...i am regular reader of cite hr as wel as your posting too i like specially your good morning sms and pic.. keep that good posting up!!!!! Regards Reema
From India, Gandhinagar



Vacancy triggers recruitment process

Recruitment is the process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the organization

Recruitment process –

.. Identification of vacancy

.. Analyzing the vacant job

.. Applying the sources of recruitment (internal & external sources)

.. Screening of suitable resumes for interview

.. Initial interview with the candidates and shortlisting the suitable

.. Call candidates for further / final rounds of interviews

.. Selection of suitable candidates for the positions vacant

.. Complete the documentation process and verification

.. Issue offer letter

.. Perform the joining formalities

.. Recruit the personnel

.. Schedule induction programme for new joinees

.. Follow up of other HR activities

Sources of Recruitment –

(1) Internal sources

.. Internal job posting

.. Considering previous and current employees of the orgn.

(2) External sources

.. Employee reference

.. Application data bank

.. Advertising

.. Employment agencies

.. Schools & colleges

.. Job portals


.. Personal interview is the most universally used tool in any selection process

.. Generally, an employment interview will serve 3 purposes

Obtaining information – About prospective employees background, work history, education and interests

Giving information – About company, specific job and personnel policies

Motivation – It will also help in establishing a friendly relationship between the employer and the applicant and motivate the satisfactory applicant to want to work for the company or orgn.

.. But in reality, it is not so. It helps only in obtaining information about the candidate. The other 2 purposes are generally not served

Types of interviews –

.. Informal interviews

It is not planned and is used when labour market is tight and we need workers badly. Sometimes a friend or relative may take a candidate to the house of the employer, where this type of interview may be conducted.

.. Formal interviews

It’s a planned interview. This is held in a formal atmosphere in employment office with a well structured questions. Here the interviewer has a plan of action, time to be devoted to each candidate, modality of interview and so on.

.. Patterned interviews

A well planned interview with higher degree of accuracy and precision. A list of questions and areas is carefully prepared. The interviewer goes down the list of questions, asking them one after another.

.. Non-directive interviews

Under this type, the candidate is allowed to express his opinion freely.

Interviewer is a careful and patient listener, prodding whenever the candidate is silent. The purpose of the interview is to give the candidate, complete freedom to sell himself without encumbrances of the interviewer’s questions.

.. In-depth interviews

It is intended to mainly examine the candidate’s background and thinking and to go into considerable detail on a particular subject of special interest to the candidate.

.. Stress interview

This method will test the candidate and his conduct & behaviour by putting him under conditions of stress and strain. This is more advantageous type as it tests the behaviour of individuals under disagreeable and trying situations.

.. Group interview

The candidates response and reaction will be tested. Candidates will be given a topic for discussion and be observed as to who will lead the discussion, how reasonable their views are, how they react to other’s opinions and so on.

.. Panel interview

The members of interview board will conduct the interview. This is done usually for supervisory and managerial positions. It coordinates the collective judgement and wisdom of the members of the panel.

Suggestions for improving the effectiveness of interviews –

.. An interview should follow a definite time schedule with ample time for


.. The interview should be conducted in a calm and cool atmosphere

.. Interview should have necessary elements of privacy

.. The interview should not lead a mental tension and stress and should avoid arguments

.. Attention should be paid not only to the communication skills (if the job requirement can be satisfied with average of it), but also the managerial abilities and attitude

.. A panel should conduct the interview avoiding exhibiting their individual talent before other members, which causes inconvenience to the candidate

.. The interviewee should be informed about the method and maximum time in getting result


From India, Vijayawada




According to Edwin B. Flippo, recruitment is the process of searching the candidates for employment and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the organisation”. Recruitment is the activity that links the employers and the job seekers. A few definitions of recruitment are:

A process of finding and attracting capable applicants for employment. The process begins when new recruits are sought and ends when their applications are submitted. The result is a pool of applications from which new employees are selected.

It is the process to discover sources of manpower to meet the requirement of staffing schedule and to employ effective measures for attracting that manpower in adequate numbers to facilitate effective selection of an efficient working force.

Recruitment of candidates is the function preceding the selection, which helps create a pool of prospective employees for the organisation so that the management can select the right candidate for the right job from this pool.

The main objective of the recruitment process is to expedite the selection process.

Recruitment is a continuous process whereby the firm attempts to develop a pool of qualified applicants for the future human resources needs even though specific vacancies do not exist. Usually, the recruitment process starts when a manger initiates an employee requisition for a specific vacancy or an anticipated vacancy.



i.e. the needs arising from changes in organization and retirement policy.


Anticipated needs are those movements in personnel, which an organization can predict by studying trends in internal and external environment.


Resignation, deaths, accidents, illness give rise to unexpected needs


The Purpose and Importance of Recruitment are given below:

Attract and encourage more and more candidates to apply in the organisation.

Create a talent pool of candidates to enable the selection of best candidates for the organisation.

Determine present and future requirements of the organization in conjunction with its personnel planning and job analysis activities.

recruitment is the process which links the employers with the employees.

Increase the pool of job candidates at minimum cost.

Help increase the success rate of selection process by decreasing number of visibly under qualified or overqualified job applicants.

Help reduce the probability that job applicants once recruited and selected will leave the organization only after a short period of time.

Meet the organizations legal and social obligations regarding the composition of its workforce.

Begin identifying and preparing potential job applicants who will be appropriate candidates.

Increase organization and individual effectiveness of various recruiting techniques and sources for all types of job applicants


The recruitment and selection is the major function of the human resource department and recruitment process is the first step towards creating the competitive strength and the recruitment strategic advantage for the organisations. Recruitment process involves a systematic procedure from sourcing the candidates to arranging and conducting the interviews and requires many resources and time. A general recruitment process is as follows:

Identifying the vacancy:

The recruitment process begins with the human resource department receiving requisitions for recruitment from any department of the company. These contain:

• Posts to be filled

• Number of persons

• Duties to be performed

• Qualifications required

Preparing the job description and person specification.

Locating and developing the sources of required number and type of employees (Advertising etc).

Short-listing and identifying the prospective employee with required characteristics.

Arranging the interviews with the selected candidates.

Conducting the interview and decision making

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The recruitment process is immediately followed by the selection process i.e. the final interviews and the decision making, conveying the decision and the appointment formalities


Every organisation has the option of choosing the candidates for its recruitment processes from two kinds of sources: internal and external sources. The sources within the organisation itself (like transfer of employees from one department to other, promotions) to fill a position are known as the internal sources of recruitment. Recruitment candidates from all the other sources (like outsourcing agencies etc.) are known as the external sources of recruitment

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The recruitment function of the organisations is affected and governed by a mix of various internal and external forces. The internal forces or factors are the factors that can be controlled by the organisation. And the external factors are those factors which cannot be controlled by the organisation. The internal and external forces affecting recruitment function of an organisation are:

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In today’s rapidly changing business environment, a well defined recruitment policy is necessary for organizations to respond to its human resource requirements in time. Therefore, it is important to have a clear and concise recruitment policy in place, which can be executed effectively to recruit the best talent pool for the selection of the right candidate at the right place quickly. Creating a suitable recruitment policy is the first step in the efficient hiring process. A clear and concise recruitment policy helps ensure a sound recruitment process.

It specifies the objectives of recruitment and provides a framework for implementation of recruitment programme. It may involve organizational system to be developed for

implementing recruitment programmes and procedures by filling up vacancies with best qualified people.


The general recruitment policies and terms of the organisation

Recruitment services of consultants

Recruitment of temporary employees

Unique recruitment situations

The selection process

The job descriptions

The terms and conditions of the employment

A recruitment policy of an organisation should be such that:

It should focus on recruiting the best potential people.

To ensure that every applicant and employee is treated equally with dignity and respect.

Unbiased policy.

To aid and encourage employees in realizing their full potential.

Transparent, task oriented and merit based selection.

Weightage during selection given to factors that suit organization needs.

Optimization of manpower at the time of selection process.

Defining the competent authority to approve each selection.

Abides by relevant public policy and legislation on hiring and employment relationship.

Integrates employee needs with the organisational needs.


Organizational objectives

Personnel policies of the organization and its competitors.

Government policies on reservations.

Preferred sources of recruitment.

Need of the organization.

Recruitment costs and financial implications.


The following trends are being seen in recruitment:


In India, the HR processes are being outsourced from more than a decade now. A company may draw required personnel from outsourcing firms. The outsourcing firms help the organisation by the initial screening of the candidates according to the needs of the organisation and creating a suitable pool of talent for the final selection by the organisation. Outsourcing firms develop their human resource pool by employing people for them and make available personnel to various companies as per their needs. In turn, the outsourcing firms or the intermediaries charge the organisations for their services.

Advantages of outsourcing are:

Company need not plan for human resources much in advance.

Value creation, operational flexibility and competitive advantage

turning the management's focus to strategic level processes of HRM

Company is free from salary negotiations, weeding the unsuitable resumes/candidates.

Company can save a lot of its resources and time


“Buying talent” (rather than developing it) is the latest mantra being followed by the organisations today. Poaching means employing a competent and experienced person already working with another reputed company in the same or different industry; the organisation might be a competitor in the industry. A company can attract talent from another firm by offering attractive pay packages and other terms and conditions, better than the current employer of the candidate. But it is seen as an unethical practice and not openly talked about. Indian software and the retail sector are the sectors facing the most severe brunt of poaching today. It has become a challenge for human resource managers to face and tackle poaching, as it weakens the competitive strength of the firm.


Many big organizations use Internet as a source of recruitment. E-recruitment is the use of technology to assist the recruitment process. They advertise job vacancies through worldwide web. The job seekers send their applications or curriculum vitae i.e. CV through e mail using the Internet. Alternatively job seekers place their CV’s in worldwide web, which can be drawn by prospective employees depending upon their requirements.

Advantages of recruitment are:

Low cost.

No intermediaries

Reduction in time for recruitment.

Recruitment of right type of people.

Efficiency of recruitment process.


Both recruitment and selection are the two phases of the employment process. The differences between the two are:

1. The recruitment is the process of searching the candidates for employment and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the organisation WHEREAS selection involves the series of steps by which the candidates are screened for choosing the most suitable persons for vacant posts.

2. The basic purpose of recruitments is to create a talent pool of candidates to enable the selection of best candidates for the organisation, by attracting more and more employees to apply in the organisation WHEREAS the basic purpose of selection process is to choose the right candidate to

fill the various positions in the organisation.

3. Recruitment is a positive process i.e. encouraging more and more employees to apply WHEREAS selection is a negative process as it involves rejection of the unsuitable candidates.

4. Recruitment is concerned with tapping the sources of human resources WHEREAS selection is concerned with selecting the most suitable candidate through various interviews and tests.

5. There is no contract of recruitment established in recruitment WHEREAS selection results in a contract of service between the employer and the selected employee


1. Quid Pro Que

These are the people who say that “ I can do this for you, what can you give me” These people value high responsibilities, higher risks, and expect higher rewards, personal development and company profiles doesn’t matter to them.

2. I will be with you

These people like to be with big brands. Importance is given to brands. They are not bothered about work ethic, culture mission etc.

3. I will do you what you want

These people are concerned about how meaningful the job is and they define meaning parameters criteria known by previous job.

4. Where do you want me to come

These people observe things like where is your office, what atmosphere do you offer. Career prospects and exciting projects don’t entice them as much. It is the responsibility of the recruiter to decide what the employee might face in given job and thus take decision. A good decision will help cut down employee retention costs and future recruitment costs


From India, Vijayawada


Am back. How are you? Wow!!! another useful thread. Thanks for the sharing.

Recruitment is an important part of an organization’s human resource planning and their competitive strength. Competent human resources at the right positions in the organisation are a vital resource and can be a core competency or a strategic advantage for it.

The objective of the recruitment process is to obtain the number and quality of employees that can be selected in order to help the organisation to achieve its goals and objectives. With the same objective, recruitment helps to create a pool of prospective employees for the organisation so that the management can select the right candidate for the right job from this pool.

Recruitment acts as a link between the employers and the job seekers and ensures the placement of right candidate at the right place at the right time. Using and following the right recruitment processes can facilitate the selection of the best candidates for the organisation.

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Recruitment Management System :

Recruitment management system is the comprehensive tool to manage the entire recruitment processes of an organisation. It is one of the technological tools facilitated by the information management systems to the HR of organisations. Just like performance management, payroll and other systems, Recruitment management system helps to contour the recruitment processes and effectively managing the ROI on recruitment. The features, functions and major benefits of the recruitment management system are explained below:
  • Structure and systematically organize the entire recruitment processes.
  • Recruitment management system facilitates faster, unbiased, accurate and reliable processing of applications from various applications.

  • Helps to reduce the time-per-hire and cost-per-hire.
  • Recruitment management system helps to incorporate and integrate the various links like the application system on the official website of the company, the unsolicited applications, outsourcing recruitment, the final decision making to the main recruitment process.
  • Recruitment management system maintains an automated active database of the applicants facilitating the talent management and increasing the efficiency of the recruitment processes.
  • Recruitment management system provides and a flexible, automated and interactive interface between the online application system, the recruitment department of the company and the job seeker.
  • Offers tolls and support to enhance productivity, solutions and optimizing the recruitment processes to ensure improved ROI.
  • Recruitment management system helps to communicate and create healthy relationships with the candidates through the entire recruitment process.
The Recruitment Management System (RMS) is an innovative information system tool which helps to sane the time and costs of the recruiters and improving the recruitment processes

From India, Madras



There is some ambiguity when it comes to recruiting and knowing what and what not to do. Is it right to only let the ‘ideal’ people to join your team? Or should you consider recruitment in your business to be like an adding game of numbers? The answer is simple, and the comparison of recruitment and hiring an employee is written clearly for you below. It has been a while since we’ve updated you with new content, so here it is as promised, right during the holiday season!

The Differences:

Spotting them: An employee is found using a job description and specification, usually displayed in a job advert. Recruitment on the other hand is usually done in person, over the phone or face to face. It is common for recruitment to be done online, but this has some set-backs especially if the recruit is not located near you.

Reeling them in: For hiring, an employee will respond and apply for the job. However for recruitment, it is up to the consultant (that’s you) to find the right people for your team and to get them interested about the opportunity (and to sign up).

Selection process: Whilst most businesses look for the best candidate, direct sales looks for anyone. That is because in this industry training and resources are immediately provided. In addition, it is up to the person to achieve their goals. Even some of the most coy or less experienced people, can turn into real go getters.

The Benefits: When hiring it’s all about the remuneration and pay. When being self-employed it is about discounts, commission, bonuses, extra incentives like a company car/ holiday – and naturally working from home at your own pace and hours!

Expectations: When hiring an employee you can expect the most from them. For direct sales or party plan you cannot expect anything from them. All you need to do is make sure you’re there for them. To do this supply your contact details and keep them updated on company news, even if they’re not performing. It is common for a team of consultants to do poorly in their first year.

So the idea is numbers and adding more great people to your team. Remember to select people that will grow, motivate others and become great achievers. This is when selecting the right prospects. However, if someone or anyone wants to join your team and they’re generally a good person – let them! You never know who will be your next platinum seller or a sitting duck


From India, Vijayawada

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