Administration & Liaisoning Head
Management Trainee (hr) At Jsw

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Dear All
I once again need support from all the members of Citehr. I have to prepare a report over "Managing management and organizational challenges in India". Kindly help me and send me your inputs directly to my email ID .

From China
Challenges of Organizational Change
Planning and managing change, both cultural and technological, is one of the most challenging elements of a manager's job.

Obviously, the more a manager can plan in anticipation of a change, the better she serves her subordinates and the organization. Diagnosing the causes of change and structuring a program to promote a smooth transition to the new process, structure, and so on, is critical to a manager's success.

Managers need to be aware that organizations change in a number of dimensions that often relate to one another. These dimensions include

Extent of planning: Although experts differ about how much change can be planned, managers still need to take steps to set up conditions that permit and even encourage change to occur.

Degree of change: Changes may be incremental (relatively small, involving fine-tuning processes and behaviors within just one system or level of the organization) orquatum (significant change altering how a company operates).

Degree of learning: This dimension relates to the degree to which organizational members are actively involved in learning how to plan and implement change while helping solve an existing problem.

Target of change: Organizational change programs can vary with respect to the hierarchical level or functional area of which the change is targeted. Some changes are designed to influence top management and assist them in becoming stronger leaders. Other change programs may involve basic learning, such as customer services techniques for lower level employees.

Organization's structure: Is it very stiff and bureaucratic? Is there a need for emphasis on policies, procedures, and rules? Some organizations are very stiff and bureaucratic and may need to “loosen up.” Other organizations may suffer from lack of organization structure. They may need to emphasize policies, procedures, and rules.

Every organization that undergoes a change in the business landscape, a structural or process change or experiences the introduction of a new technology faces organizational change challenges. The establishment of a new mandate for core company goals and objectives necessitates a realignment or business processes and personnel. Restructuring is rarely a seamless transition.

Change in an organization is managed by an individual or a group of individuals. A proper planning and execution process is necessary for effective change. This requires careful planning, evaluation and implementation to bring about the desired change. There are various elements to be considered by management and authorized personnel responsible for the change. They are as follows:

Vision- This is the power to perceive and articulate change beyond the surface level. Having the vision to anticipate and see the future direction of the business landscape is required to forge new goals and strategies.

Sense of purpose and direction- The business should have clear objectives that match the vision. This forms the guide lines that department heads integrate into their department strategies. The department strategies integrate independently to form the whole.

Knowledge- Knowledge is the skills and experience to create organizational strategies and to implement them accordingly. Creating necessary process improvement and benchmarking progress is part of this.

Rewards and recognition- Companies must reward individuals who excel and overcome organizational change challenges. This will encourage all those who are a part of the organization to reinforce their sense of team spirit and work harder to achieve individual and company goals.
There are also several steps to be followed systematically for change to occur. These are:

1. Discussing and reaching agreement for the ongoing support of the company's direction and initiatives. This is strategic alignment amongst senior management.
2. Linking strategic initiatives to tactful execution through planning and on going communication. Open communication helps with iterative refinement.
3. Connecting and aligning performance management, training processes and incentive compensation in order to yield optimal results.
4. Emphasizing hiring, rewarding, developing and retaining the top talent as a key driver of sustained business growth.

Before implementing change initiatives, it is important for companies to understand the 'end effects' of process changes on the workers. This helps companies to better formulate change policy to avoid many of the potential pitfalls and organizational change challenges that can present. Understanding the cognitive change process is part of managing an effective change management framework.

This question is not about the changes in India even at the Global stage…story continues…

From India, Gurgaon
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