First of all lot of posts related to On-site & Off-site emergency is already posted in the site... Please refer that also...
1. It is mandatory as per Section 41B (4) of Factories Act 1948. COMPULSORY DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION BY THE OCCUPIER.
2. It should be including the following:
1. Plant Location & Details of Process
2. HSE Policy, Safety Management System.
3. Possible emergencies which can occur in site and remedial actions.
4. Details of Fire Prevention & Fire Fighting
5. Out Side Agency Telephone Numbers
6. Drawing, Process flow sheet, Etc.
3. You can prepare it with the help of your Safety Pro.
4. No. If its affecting to the near by general public living in the vicinity of the factory then only need to activate.
5. You can use Public Address system for that accoridng to yout site conveiniance.
For more details refer Factories Act.
Dipil Kumar V
EMERGENCY PLAN - OBJECTIVES.
1. TO LOCATE THE EMERGENCY AND ELIMINATE IT.
TO MINIMIZE THE EFFECT OF THE INCIDENT ON PEOPLE AND PROPERTY.
ALL CRISIS HAVE A WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY OF 45 MINUTES TO 12 HOURS (OTHERWISE ) YOU MIGHT AS WELL GO BACK TO SLEEP.
2. YET IT IS IN THOSE FIRST FEW HOURS WHERE MOST OF THE MATERIALS AND PUBLIC OPINION DAMAGE CAN BE CURTAILED AND WHERE AN EFFECTIVE EMERGENCY PLANNING PROPERLY APPLIED IS MOST BENEFICIAL
3. IT APPEARS THAT GIVEN A MAJOR INCIDENT THERE IS A TIME LAPSE UNTIL THE ENTIRE LAISONING ACTIVITIES ARE SYNCHRONIZED TO EFFECTIVELY HANDLE THE SITUATION.
The above three are copies of my ppt used for training on emergency planning.
Now your answers!
1. Why is it necessary? Legal Requirement , Part of good etc.
a. From experience we have seen that the normal management structure is ineffective during an emergency. We have to manage any emergency effectively to avoid and if not limit the loss of life and property.
b. Having seen that unless legally binding most of the unscrupulous managements may not spend money and effort in the matters of safety, health, and welfare measures and voluntarily they will not make arrangements to deal with emergencies also very recently law was enacted in the matter. Now it is a legal requirement.
2. How to prepare it ?
It is quite easy. Entrust this job to a competent safetyman.
4. Need to activate on site plan for small fire or leakage ?
It all depends. Your emergency plan will give you exactly what to do and what not to do. In case of a small fire or leakage it is handled locally by shop floor people. Since these are controlled locally normally it will not be necessary to activate emergency plan.
3. Who need to involve in preparation of plan.
It all depends. All those department heads and others having a part to play in an
emergency will be involved in the preparation of the plan.
5. Siran procedure for activation , all clear etc
It will be specified in the emergency plan and publicized. There is no hard and fast rule in this. There can be local and general sirens. For fire, chemical release, evacuation and all clear will have different duration and style. Along with this public address system hoisting flags etc can also be employed.
From industry to industry the scope of emergency plan is different. Only a person who has gone through the over all set up of the plant can draw an emergency plan.
Hope it gives you an idea. In case you have still some doubts please go ahead I will be too happy to be of help though sometimes my reply may be a little delayed.
As per my understanding all the emergencies we are mentioning in the On Site Emergency Plan, we can't conduct a mock drill... Eg. Collapse of any structure/building...
In this case what we can do is make the employees familiar with what to do in case of an emergency... For this we can select minor emergencies... Can easily create a fire emegency... the one which is shown in the presentation is about falling a person from height...
Dipil Kumar V
Please find below emergency siren guidelines
WATCH FOR EMERGENCY SIREN…
1. ALERT (prepare to seek shelter) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (series of short blasts)
• This signal indicates the existence of a potential emergency situation which affects the area.
• This signal cancels all Work Permits in that block.
• When this signal is sounded, take action according to the Unit Emergency Plan or Work Permit.
All personnel in the block where this signal is given must determine the reason for the alert horn was sounded and be prepared to seek shelter, use proper protective equipment or EVACUATE according to the Unit Emergency Plan, if ordered.
2. EVACUATE --- --- --- (series of 3 short blasts)
• This signal indicates an emergency situation exists and all personnel not essential to plant operations under emergency conditions must evacuate the area or according to the department Unit Emergency Plan.
• This signal cancels all Work Permits, shuts down all maintenance and construction equipment in that block
• When this signal is sounded, go to the proper assembly point away from the problem area or according to the Unit Emergency Plan or Work Permit.
• Evacuated personnel should remain clear of the area until authorized to return.
3. ALL CLEAR ________ ________ ________ (3 long blasts)
• This signal indicates the emergency situation has ended and all personnel should return to their work area.
• This signal should first be sounded by the department where the initial emergency occurs.
• A verbal all clear for certain areas no longer affected by the emergency may be issued by Emergency Services & Security or by the department.
• When the ALL CLEAR is sounded, go back to the work area. All Work Permits canceled by the emergency must be renewed before work is resumed.
One Query : Is there requirement for departmentwise Emergency Plan?
how best we can do it for Stores ( Raw/ FG/Packing ), Engg (Electrical , Boiler , Other Utility ) , Production ( product may be at any stage ) Tanker unloading activity , Other Hot work , Height work ,
what about persons : taking meals , taking bath at the time of emergency etc . Pls pls .. Guide
Note : I want to clear all those things so I am asking dozens of questions.Pls don't mind
We do not require a department wise emergency plan. However it is essentail that every one, every department in a hazardous industry is prepared for such emergencies as you have mentioned. Because of this the emergency plan will have sections dealing with what to do and not to do in such local emergencies to avoid causing men to panic and more damage.
In case of an emergency every one including those "taking meals , taking bath at the time of emergency etc" irrespective of their activities will follow set procedures. No seperate instruction is required in such cases.
Once you familiarize with a well drawn emergency plan I am sure that all your such doubts could be cleared.
If the industries come under MAH i.e,
Major Accident hazard unit than it is mandatory to prepare Disaster management plan & to conduct Mock drills -both on site & off site, depending on how much will it effect near by locality also.
As Dipil said We can prepare it or there are some organizations also like DMI, Disaster managenent Institute, Bhopal who may also help to make the plan.
Even NDMA also conducts Zone wise Mock drill to see the preparations of the company, its Mutal Aid scheme, It also include adminastration & other departments too if Off-site.
The planning & responsibilities may include the foolowing:
Role & responsibilites of:
Name & Address of Person Furnishing Information
1.0 Persons Furnishing the Information
Key Persons & Their Responsibilities
2.1 Organizational structure for handling major emergencies/ disasters
2.2 Role & Responsibility of Coordinators
Details of Outside Organisations
3.1 Preliminary Hazard Analysis
3.2 Types of Accidents
3.3 Responsibility of the outside Agencies and/or the Key Personnel/ Phone numbers
Details of Liaison Between Organisations
4.1 Liaison arrangement between organization
Preliminary Hazard Analysis
5.1 Types of Accidents
5.2 System Elements or Events leading to Major Accident
5.4 Safety Relevant Components in Company
Details About the Site
6.1 Details about the site
6.2 Location of Hazardous Chemicals
6.3 Organization structure for Handling Major emergency/ Disaster
6.4 Seat of Key Personnel
6.5 Emergency Control Centre
6.6 Assembly Points
Description of Hazardous Chemicals
7.1 Hazardous Chemicals
7.2 Properties of Hazardous Chemicals
7.3 Control of Hazards
Consequences Analysis/ Dangers to Plant
8.2 Meteorological Data
8.3 Maximum Credible Loss Scenarios
8.4 Consequence Evaluations for Chlorine
8.5 Considered zones for consequence analysis for flammable/ explosive chemicals
Stress & Strain caused during Normal Operation
9.1 Process Description
9.2 Fire & Explosion Inside the Plant and its effects outside
Details regarding Warnings / Alarms, Safety security systems, etc.
10.1 Warning & Alarm for various emergencies
10.2 Emergency Alarms
10.3 Security System
10.4 Emergency Light/Power Supply
10.5 Precaution in design of Foundation, etc.
10.6 Disaster Control Management Plan
10.7 Utility & Support Services
10.8 Teams for Emergency Management
10.9 Identification of Emergency Teams
10.10 Declaration of Emergency & Evacuation
10.11 Functions to be performed during response
10.12 Maintenance & Good Engineering Practices
11.1 Communication during Emergency
11.2 Declaration of Emergency
11.3 Communication to the public and media
11.4 Infrastructure available for Emergency
11.5 Contact Information for Key persons-CLZS
11.6 List of Govt. officers Phone numbers
Fire Fighting Facilities
12.1 Fire Fighting Facilities
Details of Medical Faciltites
13.1 Medical Facilities
Role & responsibilties:
Chief Emergency controller (Occupier)
Site Controller (unit Head)
Incident controller (Plant Head)
Shutdown cordinator (Plant Head)
Safety & Fire coordinator (safety Deptt)
Facilities Coordinator- HR & admin
Medical Coordinator- CMO
Traffic security Coordinator-CSO
Communication Coordinator- HSE or HR
Public relation coordinator-PRO
Power coordinator- Electrical Head will be involved in Mock Drills
As per my knowledge there are no guidelines in any rules/act regarding developing assembly point at specific location in specific manner...
We have to select such a location which is safe and centralised where people can quickly gather at the time of emergency... It can be an open space far from tall structures... It should be in such a location which is easily accessible to all the employees.... The main purpose is that one can make a head count of the employees once they gather at assembly point... May not give preference to near main plant gate, as in case of sabotage controlling the public will be a tough task at gate... hence a place near gate will not be seems safe... You can think upon it and with little survey find out a suitable space for Assembly Point...
If your plant/construction site is big, you may think of make two or three Assembly Points accordingly... All such places should be having clear identification boards and all should be trained about Assembly Points and must be familiar about the same.. For this mock drill to be conducted...
If need any further input on this regards, please do write back....
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