Industrial Relations And Labour Laws
Manager Human Resources
28th March 2010 From India, Kannur
First Phase: Administration - from 1940's to 1970's focussing on labor welfare
& partly administration.originally called Welfare Secretary
Second Phase: Personnel - 1970's to late 1980's focussing on personnel management i.e. punctuality, leaves payroll etc.
Third Phase: Human Resources - Early 1990's till present. In this era technical revolution replaced manual workers by knowledge workers. Previously labor was treated as a "cost". But now labor is a "resource". When personnel were treated as a cost, they were increased when production increased and were released when production decreased. But treating labor as a resource, one maximizes yield from the resource.
Fourth Phase: Talent Management Now in future the main challenge of an HR Manager would be identifying and retaining the creative people.
M. Azeem Shamsi
29th March 2010 From Pakistan, Karachi
In addition to the differences mentioned by other members, the responsibility of PM traditionally lies with Personnel Manager, while in HRM, the reponsibility of an employee lies with the line managers and is not just the baby of HR managers. PM focuses on mgmt- trade union relationship while in HRM focus is on mgmt-employee relationship. PM is a reactive system while HRM is a proactive system which looks at organisational development through employee development.
HRD is a part of HRM. While HRM involves looking after the employee in totality, HRD looks after the development of an employee. HRD includes activities undertaken to
promote intellectual, moral, psycological, cultural, social and economic development of individuals in an organisation to help them achieve highest human potential. It is a continious process and includes activities like, appraisals, job rotation, training, career development, competancy mapping, mentoring, counselling, etc.
Hope this helps.
30th March 2010 From India, Visakhapatnam
ALTHOUGH both human resource management (HRM) and personnel management focus on people management, if we examine critically, there are many differences between them. Some are listed ,on the basis of some char. is given.
30th March 2010 From India, Palwal
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15th October 2016 From India, Visakhapatnam