could u please please tell me what is difference between Human Resource Management and Personnel Management in very brief or vat. Thanks and Regards RR
From India, Hyderabad
Industrial Relations And Labour Laws
Hr Professional
Manager Human Resources
Hr Officer
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Both the terms refer to the one and the same function of the management and that is managing the people at work. However, Human Resource Management is mainly focussed on best utilising the man power by understanding their strength and weaknesses and engaging them in different occupations so that their productivity can be increased. Therefore, training and development and employee engagements are part of it. Personnel Management, on the other hand, is mainly concerned with maintaining good employee- employer relationship and activities connected with it. Therefore, Personnel Management mainly works around Industrial/ Employee/ Labour Relations and activities connected with grievance handling, negotiations, enforcement of labour statute, looking after welfare of employees and so on.

From India, Kannur

There are 4 phases of Human Resource Management
First Phase: Administration - from 1940's to 1970's focussing on labor welfare
& partly administration.originally called Welfare Secretary
Second Phase: Personnel - 1970's to late 1980's focussing on personnel management i.e. punctuality, leaves payroll etc.
Third Phase: Human Resources - Early 1990's till present. In this era technical revolution replaced manual workers by knowledge workers. Previously labor was treated as a "cost". But now labor is a "resource". When personnel were treated as a cost, they were increased when production increased and were released when production decreased. But treating labor as a resource, one maximizes yield from the resource.
Fourth Phase: Talent Management Now in future the main challenge of an HR Manager would be identifying and retaining the creative people.
M. Azeem Shamsi
Karachi (Pakistan)

From Pakistan, Karachi

Hi, Rakesh.. Just go through the attachment.. Thank you..
From India, Thiruvananthapuram

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File Type: doc PM Vs HRD.doc (78.0 KB, 4308 views)


Hi Rakesh,
In addition to the differences mentioned by other members, the responsibility of PM traditionally lies with Personnel Manager, while in HRM, the reponsibility of an employee lies with the line managers and is not just the baby of HR managers. PM focuses on mgmt- trade union relationship while in HRM focus is on mgmt-employee relationship. PM is a reactive system while HRM is a proactive system which looks at organisational development through employee development.
HRD is a part of HRM. While HRM involves looking after the employee in totality, HRD looks after the development of an employee. HRD includes activities undertaken to
promote intellectual, moral, psycological, cultural, social and economic development of individuals in an organisation to help them achieve highest human potential. It is a continious process and includes activities like, appraisals, job rotation, training, career development, competancy mapping, mentoring, counselling, etc.
Hope this helps.

From India, Visakhapatnam

ALTHOUGH both human resource management (HRM) and personnel management focus on people management, if we examine critically, there are many differences between them. Some are listed ,on the basis of some char. is given.

From India, Palwal

Attached Files (Download Requires Membership)
File Type: doc New Microsoft Word Document (2).doc (24.0 KB, 1509 views)


Dear Rakesh, Please see the attachments Thank you..
From India, Thiruvananthapuram

Attached Files (Download Requires Membership)
File Type: doc HRD Vs HRM.doc (35.0 KB, 1296 views)
File Type: pdf HRM Vs HRD.pdf (387.6 KB, 2141 views)

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