People use the words RESUME, C.V., and BIO-DATA interchangeably for the

document highlighting skills, education, and experience that a candidate

submits when applying for a job. On the surface level, all the three

mean the same. However, there are intricate differences.


Resume Is a French word meaning "summary", and true to the word

meaning, signifies a summary of one's employment, education, and other

skills, used in applying for a new position. A resume seldom exceeds one

side of an A4 sheet, and at the most two sides. They do not list out all

the education and qualifications, but only highlight specific skills

customized to target the job profile in question.

A resume is usually broken into bullets and written in the third person

to appear objective and formal. A good resume starts with a brief

Summary of Qualifications, followed by Areas of Strength or Industry

Expertise in keywords, followed by Professional Experience in reverse

chronological order. Focus is on the most recent experiences, and prior

experiences summarized. The content aims at providing the reader a

balance of responsibilities and accomplishments for each position. After

Work experience come Professional Affiliations, Computer Skills, and



C.V Is a Latin word meaning "course of life". Curriculum

Vitae (C.V.) is therefore a regular or particular course of study

pertaining to education and life. A C.V. is more detailed than a resume,

usually 2 to 3 pages, but can run even longer as per the requirement. A

C.V. generally lists out every skills, jobs, degrees, and professional

affiliations the applicant has acquired, usually in chronological order.

A C.V. displays general talent rather than specific skills for any

specific positions.


Bio Data the short form for Biographical Data, is the old-fashioned

terminology for Resume or C.V. The emphasis in a bio data is on personal

particulars like date of birth, religion, sex, race, nationality,

residence, martial status, and the like. Next comes a chronological

listing of education and experience. The things normally found in a

resume, that is specific skills for the job in question comes last, and

are seldom included. Bio-data also includes applications made in

specified formats as required by the company.

A resume is ideally suited when applying for middle and senior level

positions, where experience and specific skills rather than education is

important. A C.V., on the other hand is the preferred option for fresh

graduates, people looking for a career change, and those applying for

academic positions. The term bio-data is mostly used in India while

applying to government jobs, or when applying for research grants and

other situations where one has to submit descriptive essays.

Resumes present a summary of highlights and allow the prospective

employer to scan through the document visually or electronically, to see

if your skills match their available positions. A good resume can do

that very effectively, while a C.V. cannot. A bio-data could still

perform this role, especially if the format happens to be the one

recommended by the employer.

Personal information such as age, sex, religion and others, and hobbies

are never mentioned in a resume. Many people include such particulars in

the C.V. However, this is neither required nor considered in the US

market.. A Bio-data, on the other hand always include such personal




From India

Understand the behavioral aspects at individual as well as organizational level →
Promoted: IIM Raipur Executive Development Program In Human Resource Management
This should be sent to all the schools,colleges and should be explined to them properly.You will not believe students these days are making mistakes in writting the spelling of principal. such is the conditions of education these days.
good work

From India, Hyderabad
very true...we are usually unaware about these facts n write conventional resume which is infact very funny as when a orgnaisation is in any institute for campus placement it recives all resume in same format and even with minor difference.
From India, Mumbai
Dear Raj, Thanks for this unsual & interesting information. Very informative & good from knowledge point of view. Truly appreciated..Keep up the good job..Thanks again Rashmi Bhalerao
From India, Mumbai
This is definitely a VERY APT posting Raj.
And I agree with Sasidhar. But that's how life & generation gap is Sasidhar.
I remember a Quote here: "I don't know how the world will survive when the younger generation takes over".
And want to know who said this & when? Socrates, way back 2100 yrs ago [around 100 BC]!!!!

From India, Hyderabad
Dear Raj It is a good description. Normally, we treat the three equally. regards GS Jassel
From India, Ludhiana

Informative one. But add one more point in CV, where 'course of life' depicts changes already happened in life as of a particular date, say the date on which CV was prepared. So why talk about the objectives of life to be achieved? Generally now the applicant starts a CV with objectives. So this has to be eliminated while preparing a CV.

From India, Kochi
hi, Very useful post ... Curriculum vitae is a proper and professional word highlighted at present..
From India, Mumbai
thanks for useful information,I am working in a placement consultancy and these terms comes in front of me very frequently,now I came to know the basic difference. gud work M.Nadeem
From India, Chandigarh
Dear Raj

I am reproducing my comments made to you in the private message, as you have said it's ok to publish it.

I remembered to have seen this script before. Hence, I made a search of the web and and found these <link updated to site home> ( Search On Cite | Search On Google ) by Nayab Naseer by Jagadeesh Nair on Tuesday 14

They are identical to yours. Are you the author of the script. If not, it would have been better had you indicated the source (even to say that you got it by email).

The next one is different and gives more evidence about the different use of the terminology in different parts.

22 Jan 2008 Says it depends upon the geographical area.

If you have no objection, I would like to post the above comments in the general forum.

A retired academic in UK

From United Kingdom

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