Learning & Teaching Fellow (retired)
Social research refers to research conducted by social scientists (primarily within sociology and social psychology), but also within other disciplines such as social policy, human geography, political science, social anthropology and education. Sociologists and other social scientists study diverse things: from census data on hundreds of thousands of human beings, through the in-depth analysis of the life of a single important person to monitoring what is happening on a street today - or what was happening a few hundred years ago.
Social scientists use many different methods in order to describe, explore and understand social life. Social methods can generally be subdivided into two broad categories. Quantitative methods are concerned with attempts to quantify social phenomena and collect and analyse numerical data, and focus on the links among a smaller number of attributes across many cases. Qualitative methods, on the other hand, emphasise personal experiences and interpretation over quantification, are more concerned with understanding the meaning of social phenomena and focus on links among a larger number of attributes across relatively few cases. While very different in many aspects, both qualitative and quantitative approaches involve a systematic interaction between theories and data.
Common tools of quantitative researchers include surveys, questionnaires, and secondary analysis of statistical data that has been gathered for other purposes (for example, censuses or the results of social attitudes surveys). Commonly used qualitative methods include focus groups, participant observation, and other techniques.
Scientific method refers to techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge. To be termed scientific, a method of inquiry must be based on gathering observable, empirical and measurable evidence subject to specific principles of reasoning. A scientific method consists of the collection of data through observation and experimentation, and the formulation and testing of hypotheses.
Although procedures vary from one field of inquiry to another, identifiable features distinguish scientific inquiry from other methodologies of knowledge. Scientific researchers propose hypotheses as explanations of phenomena, and design experimentalstudies to test these hypotheses. These steps must be repeatable in order to dependably predict any future results. Theories that encompass wider domains of inquiry may bind many hypotheses together in a coherent structure. This in turn may help form new hypotheses or place groups of hypotheses into context.
Among other facets shared by the various fields of inquiry is the conviction that the process be objective to reduce a biased interpretation of the results. Another basic expectation is to document, archive and share all data and methodology so they are available for careful scrutiny by other scientists, thereby allowing other researchers the opportunity to verify results by attempting to reproduce them. This practice, called full disclosure, also allows statistical measures of the reliability of these data to be established.
13th March 2009 From India, New Delhi
What you have given above is nothing but a reproduction of what's found in Wikipedia at Social research - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It's far better to give a link rather than reproduce them. The only difference I found was that the key words underlined in your posting, are highlighted in blue in Wikipedia.
May be the attched ppt presentation will help other readers too. However, please give due acknowledgement if you use any of the information from the presentation.
Have a nice day
13th March 2009 From United Kingdom
16th October 2012 From United Kingdom
But m comp nly works towards data management, billing & deduction, etc. kind of backend tasks. I'm not able to decide what kind of project can I do there. Actually it's a startup 5-6 yrs old with 35 employees. Just some ideas to give it a kickstart.
8th January 2014 From India, Delhi
I am doing PGCHRM from XLRI where we have this subject "Social Research Methods". We have been asked to prepare "Research Proposal" related to my own domanin, which t.is recruitment. If you can please help me and suggest any topic on which Research Proposal can be made which is related to Recruitment.
2nd March 2014 From India, Delhi
good day to all.
I'm a Full time research scholar.
I want to conduct an small online survey regarding students opinion on management studies in today's condition..
how could i reach the students? is there any peculiar websites to execute this effectively..
please suggest me
2nd December 2015 From India, Gandhidham
Please tell me what are the types of research design. I am little confused because I saw a sample project in which it was written as explorative and conclusive research are the types of research design but the web is showing differently can you please tell me what are the types actually? please send me any suggestions at the earliest
2nd June 2017 From India, Chennai