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Is it allowed to work for 12 hours a day (not exceeding 48 hours a week) if any organisation requires?
1st November 2008 From India, Bangalore

Pbskumar2006
Sr.manager-hr
Rashidmusa
Compensation And Policy
Nelson25
Human Resource Manager
Malvina
Human Resorce N Soft Skills Trainer With
Josresh
Hr Manager In Hospital Adminstration
+4 Others

Hi, As per Factories Act 1948, Per day - 8 Hrs work is allowed to adult employees. Beyond 8 hrs OT is applicable. Govind
2nd November 2008 From India, Mumbai
51. WEEKLY HOURS. - No adult workers shall be required or allowed to work in a factory for more than forty-eight hours in any week.


52. WEEKLY HOLIDAYS. - (1) No adult worker shall be required or allowed to work in a factory on the first day of the week (hereinafter referred to as the said day), unless -

(a) he has or will have a holiday for a whole day on one of the three days immediately before or after the said day, and

(b) the manager of the factory has, before the said day or the substituted day under clause (a), whichever is earlier, - (i) delivered a notice at the office of the Inspector of his intention to require the worker to work on the said day and of the day which is to be substituted, and


(ii) displayed a notice to that effect in the factory : Provided that no substitution shall be made which will result in any worker working for more than ten days consecutively without a holiday for a whole day.


(2) Notices given under sub-section (1) may be cancelled by a notice delivered at the office of the Inspector and a notice displayed in the factory not later than the day before the said day or the holiday to be cancelled, whichever is earlier.


(3) Where, in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (1), any worker works on the said day and has had a holiday on one of the three days immediately before it, that said day shall, for the purpose of calculating his weekly hours of work, be included in the preceding week.


54. DAILY HOURS. - Subject to the provisions of section 51, no adult worker shall be required or allowed to work in a factory for more than nine hours in any day :

Provided that, subject to the previous approval of the Chief inspector, the daily maximum hours specified in this section may be exceeded in order to facilitate the change of shifts.


53. COMPENSATORY HOLIDAYS. - (1) Where, as a result of the passing of an order or the making of a rule under the provisions of this Act exempting a factory or the workers therein from the provisions of section 52, a worker is deprived of any of the weekly holidays for which provision is made in sub-section (1) of that section, he shall be allowed, within the month in which the holidays were due to him or within the two months immediately following that month, compensatory holidays of equal number to the holidays so lost.


(2) The State Government may prescribe the manner in which the holidays for which provision is made in sub-section (1) shall be allowed.


55. INTERVALS FOR REST. - (1) The periods of work of adult workers in a factory each day shall be so fixed that no period shall exceed five hours and that no worker shall work for more than five hours before he has had an interval for rest of at least half an hour.


(2) The State Government or, subject to the control of the State Government, the Chief Inspector, may, by written order and for the reasons specified therein, exempt any factory from the provisions of sub-section (1) so however that the total number of hours worked by a worker without an interval does not exceed six.


56. SPREADOVER. - The periods of work of an adult worker in a factory shall be so arranged that inclusive of his intervals for rest under section 55, they shall not spreadover more than ten and a half hours in any day : Provided that the Chief Inspector may, for reasons to be specified in in writing, increase the spreadover up to twelve hours.


57. NIGHT SHIFTS. - Where a worker in a factory works on a shift which extends beyond midnight, - (a) for the purposes of sections 52 and 53, a holiday for a whole day shall mean in his case a period of twenty-four consecutive hours beginning when his shift ends;


(b) the following day for him shall be deemed to be the period of twenty-four hours beginning when such shift ends, and the hours he has worked after midnight shall be counted in the previous day.


58. PROHIBITION OF OVERLAPPING SHIFTS. - (1) Work shall not be carried on in any factory by means of a system of shifts so arranged that more than one relay of workers is engaged, in work of the same kind at the same time.


(2) The State Government or subject to the control of the State Government, the Chief Inspector, may, by written order and for the reasons specified therein, exempt on such conditions as may be deemed expedient, any factory or class or description of factories or any department or section of a factory or any category or description of workers therein from the provisions of sub-section (1).


59. EXTRA WAGES FOR OVERTIME. - (1) Where a worker works in a factory for more than nine hours in any day or for more than forty-eight hours in any week, he shall, in respect of overtime work, be entitled to wages at the rate of twice his ordinary rate of wages.


(2) For the purposes of sub-section (1), "ordinary rate of wages" means the basic wages plus such allowances, including the cash equivalent of the advantage accruing through the concessional sale to workers of foodgrains and other articles, as the worker is for the time being entitled to, but does not include a bonus and wages for overtime work.


(3) Where any workers in a factory are paid on a piece-rate basis, the time rate shall be deemed to be equivalent to the daily average of their full-time earnings for the days on which they actually worked on the same or identical job during the month immediately preceding the calendar month during which the overtime work was done, and such time rates shall be deemed to be the ordinary rates of wages of those workers :

Provided that in the case of a worker who has not worked in the immediately preceding calendar month on the same or identical job, the time rate shall be deemed to be equivalent to the daily average of the earnings of the worker for the days on which he actually worked in the week in which the overtime work was done.

Explanation : For the purposes of this sub-section, in computing the earnings for the days on which the worker actually worked such allowances, including the cash equivalent of the advantage accruing through the concessional sale to workers of foodgrains and other articles, as the worker is for the time being entitled to, shall be included but any bonus or wages for overtime work payable in relation to the period with reference to which the earnings are being computed shall be excluded.


(4) The cash equivalent of the advantage accruing through the concessional sale to a worker of foodgrains and other articles shall be computed as often as may be prescribed on the basis of the maximum quantity of foodgrains and other articles admissible to a standard family.

Explanation 1 : Standard family means a family consisting of the worker, his or her spouse and two children below the age of fourteen years requiring in all three adult consumption units.


Explanation 2 : Adult consumption unit means the consumption unit of a male above the age of fourteen years; and the consumption unit of a female above the age of fourteen years and that of a child below the age of fourteen years shall be calculated at the rates of 0.8 and 0.6 respectively of one adult consumption unit.


(5) The State Government may make rules prescribing - (a) the manner in which the cash equivalent of the advantage accruing through the concessional sale to a worker of foodgrains and other articles shall be computed; and


(b) the registers that shall be maintained in a factory for the purpose of securing compliance with the provisions of this section.


60. RESTRICTION ON DOUBLE EMPLOYMENT. - No adult worker shall be required or allowed to work in any factory on any day on which he has already been working in any other factory, save in such circumstances as may be prescribed.

61. NOTICE OF PERIODS OF WORK FOR ADULTS. - (1) There shall be displayed and correctly maintained in every factory in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (2) of section 108, a notice of periods of work for adults, showing clearly for every day the periods during which adult workers may be required to work.


(2) The periods shown in the notice required by sub-section (1) shall be fixed beforehand in accordance with the following provisions of this section, and shall be such that workers working for those periods would not be working in contravention of any of the provisions of sections 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56 and 58.


(3) Where all the adult workers in a factory are required to work during the same periods, the manager of the factory shall fix those periods for such workers generally.


(4) Where all the adult workers in a factory are not required to work during the same periods, the manager of the factory shall classify them into groups according to the nature of their work indicating the number of workers in each group.


(5) For each group which is not required to work on a system of shifts, the manager of the factory shall fix the periods during which the group may be required to work.


(6) Where any group is required to work on a system of shifts and the relays are not to be subject to predetermined periodical changes of shifts, the manager of the factory shall fix the periods during which each relay of the group may be required to work.


(7) Where any group is to work on a system of shifts and the relays are to be subject to predetermined periodical changes of shifts, the manager of the factory shall draw up a scheme of shifts whereunder the periods during which any relay of the group may be required to work and the relay which will be working at any time of the day shall be known for any day.


(8) The State Government may prescribe forms of the notice required by sub-section (1) and the manner in which it shall be maintained.


(9) In the case of a factory beginning work after the commencement of this Act, a copy of the notice referred to in sub-section (1) shall be sent in duplicate to the Inspector before the day on which work is begun in the factory.


(10) Any proposed change in the system of work in any factory which will necessitate a change in the notice referred to in sub-section (1) shall be notified to the Inspector in duplicate before the change is made, and except with the previous sanction of the Inspector, no such change shall be made until one week has elapsed since the last change.


62. REGISTER OF ADULT WORKERS. - (1) The manager of every factory shall maintain a register of adult workers, to be available to the Inspector at all times during working hours, or when any work is being carried on in the factory, showing -

(a) the name of each adult worker in the factory;
(b) the nature of his work;
(c) the group, if any, in which he is included;
(d) where his group works on shifts, the relay to which he is allotted; and
(e) such other particulars as may be prescribed :


Provided that if the Inspector is of opinion that any muster roll or register maintained as a part of the routine of a factory gives in respect of any or all the workers in the factory the particulars required under this section, he may, by order in writing, direct that such muster roll or register shall to the corresponding extent be maintained in place of, and be treated as, the register of adult workers in that factory.


(1A) No adult worker shall be required or allowed to work in any factory unless his name and other particulars have been entered in the register of adult workers.


(2) The State Government may prescribe the form of the register of adult workers, the manner in which it shall be maintained and the period for which it shall be preserved.


63. HOURS OF WORK TO CORRESPOND WITH NOTICE UNDER SECTION 61 AND REGISTER UNDER SECTION 62. -


No adult worker shall be required or allowed to work in any factory otherwise than in accordance with the notice of periods of work for adults displayed in the factory and the entries made beforehand against his name in the register of adult workers of the factory.
2nd November 2008 From India, Coimbatore
Dear Peer Mohammed,
Greetings,
How would you fit in the continuous working onsite location for 12 hours day & night rotational without leaving work station and employees are staying same place for remaining period of rest for say period of three to six month on project.
In the contex of above provisions,how the above provision will affect or applied in such circumstances?
Your reply will be highly appreciated.
With warm regards,
Rashid
3rd November 2008 From Saudi Arabia
Dear Friend,Please see my earlier posting in this cite "THE TIME MANAGEMENT IN FACTORIES ACT".Regards,PBS KUMAR
3rd November 2008 From India, Kakinada
Dear Seniors, Could you please update if all these rules are applicable even in ITES companies.
3rd November 2008 From India, New Delhi
Thnks for the rules.Please advise me whether this applies to evry industry like IT,ITES...???
3rd November 2008 From United States, Tempe
provided ur defination of worker and manager has to be clear...read the case of medical reps and pilots who claimed OT ..
3rd November 2008 From India, Calcutta
Dear all,
We have good human resource policies and most of the companies are not following that properly. For insatance some of the software companies are giving leasure to their emploiees for some months they are not be assained with projects but at the time of project dead line the workers are asked to work more than thirteen hours perday....
Its all due to that leasure hours ,, that they spent previously
these kind of atmosphere is making the workers lasy some times and at the time of over burden the workers are not coping with the company....
So all the software company has to follow the HR policies strictly to make the emploiees be regulated and also reduce the burden of the emploiees and company....
Regards
Nelson
Chennai
5th November 2008 From India, Bangalore
Dear All, I want to know these working rules are applicable on office employees also? If no than request you to let me know the max. working hours in office. Regards Anshika Kulshrestha
19th June 2010 From India, Delhi

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