sylvia.dlima Started The Discussion:
:D
Hi,
I am pursuing my second semester in diploma in HR.
Pls send me any useful articles or write -up for my project "Importance of Planning " in the subject Principles of Management.
Thanks
Regards
Sylvia
28th April 2006 From India, Mumbai

PLANNING

To establish and operate an effective organization, all managers

perform several major functions or activities. These functions

enable managers to create a positive work environment and

to provide the opportunities and incentives . The key

management functions include

-planning

-organizing

-directing

-controlling.

Each of these functions are critical to the success of any

manager and organizations.

The primary function of the four is PLANNING.

Planning is the process of analyzing the situation, determining

the goals/ objectives that will be pursued in the future, and

deciding in advance the actions that will be taken to achieve

the goals.

The following are the steps involved in PLANNING PROCESS

1.Reviewing the current operation situation.

2. Conducting the current operation strengths/ weaknesses.

3. STudying the External environmental factors affecting

the operation.

4. Studying the expectations of the operations.

5. Determine the opportunities for improvements/growth

and negatives constraints.

6.Based on the above analyses, determine the

-goals

-objectives

for the operation for the future period.

7.Based on the objectives, determine your strategy

- how you are going to achieve the objectives.

8. Based on the strategy, determine the action plans

that has to be implemented.

9. Your action plan will determine the resources required

- manpower

-finance

-materials

etc

10. Finally a system to monitor the plan/its progress.

==================================================

The PLANNING is the most challenging, because

FUNCTIONALLY, it provides

-opportunity to determine the environmental impact on the

organization / business.



-opportunity to assess the organization's strengths/ weaknesses.

-opportunity to determine the business opportunities/ threats

to business.

-opportunity to develop strategic plans for the company.



-opportunity to develop long term/short term plans.

-opportunity to develop a vision for the organization.

-opportunity to develop a mission statement for the organization.

-opportunity to develop business objectives for the organization.

-opportunity to develop business strategies for the organization.

-opportunity to develop the action/ implementation planning

guidelines, which provides the platform for

*organization and staffing.

*direction for the organization approach.

*leadership

*control.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The PLANNING is the most challenging, because

SKILLWISE , it provides opportunity to use various skills/

knowledge levels

-analytical

-problem solving

-making judgement

-decision making

-lateral thinking

-communication

-presentation

-negotiation

-goal setting

-evaluation

etc

================================================== ====

PLANNING IS THE PREMIER FUNCTION, BECAUSE

without planning



-you cannot organize

-without organization , you cannot direct

-without direction, you cannot control.

-without control , you cannot get results.

For success/ results, you need PLANNING.

HENCE PLANNING IS THE PRIMARY FUNCTION.

==============================================

PLANNING PLAYS A VITAL PART IN MANY

ASPECTS OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT

WHY PLANNING FOR HR

DIFFICULTIES / CHALLENGES HR FACES.

-as the economy grows/declines, the demand for HR resources

changes not only in quantity but also in quality/ types.

-social pressure to provide the right environment for employees.

-political pressure to employ local population, irrespective

of skills/ knowledge.

-legal challenges to recruitment / compensation on

discrimination .

-technology changes means getting right type of people

or provide the right type of training.

-competitive pressure to get the right talent at the right

compensation.

-strategic planning seeks strategic HR planning.

-BUDGET constraint put pressure on HR to get the

best resources for the least.

-sales / production increases in business, puts pressure

on HR to recruit more.

-sales / production decreases in business, puts pressure

on HR to rationalise recruitment.

-new venture means demand for new type of skills/ knowledge.

-acquisitions / mergers means rationalization of HR.

-Organization development means HR implementing new

structure, new culture, new systems etc.

-Job redesign means HR implementing new

methods, new process, new systems etc.

-Globalization means managing HR diversity, new culture

change, new training etc.

-HR challenges / difficulties include

*managing retirement

*managing voluntary retirement schemes

*managing terminations

*managing leave of absence.

*managing part time workers/ causals.

*managing layoffs

-Balancing the INTERNAL SUPPLY ESTIMATES AND

EXTERNAL SUPPLY ESTIMATES.

*INTERNAL SUPPLY ESTIMATES

-staff skills inventories

-management inventories

-replacements requirements

-transition requirements

*EXTERNAL SUPPLY ESTIMATES

-labor market supply

-community attitude

-demographic trends

*MANAGING WORK OPTIONS

-shorter weeks

-flexitime

-telecommuting

-virtual organizations.

===========================================

WHY PLANNING FOR PROJECT

DIFFICULTIES / CHALLENGES PROJECT FACES.

Planning for project is a process of determining project's

-objectives

-deliverables

-schedules

-external interfacing

-internal structuring

-roles

-responsibility

-risk management

-implementation

-resources allocation

-control system

etc

===========================================

WHY PLANNING FOR MARKETING

DIFFICULTIES / CHALLENGES MARKETING FACES.

Planning for marketing is the application of marketing resources

to achieve marketing objectives like

-market share

-sales volume

-customer coverage

-product coverage

etc.

==========================================

PLANNING IS ALSO USED FOR MEETING

DIFFICULTIES AND CHALLENGES IN

-SALES PLANNING.

-ACCOUNTS PLANNING

-STRATEGIC SCENORIA PLANNING

-CAREER PLANNING

-PERFORMANCE PLANNING

-SUCCESSION PLANNING

ETC

============================================

APART FROM BUSINESS MANAGEMENT ,

PLANNING IS ALSO USED IN

-PLANNING FOR NATIONAL EMERGENCIES

-PLANNING FOR NATIONAL DISASTERS

-PLANNING FOR NATIONAL ECONOMY

-PLANNING FOR NATIONAL SECURITY

ETC

======================================

PLANNING COULD ALSO BE USED

-IN HOUSEHOLD BUDGETING, TO ALLOCATE RESOURCES.

-IN FAMILY PLANNING

ETC ETC

IN ALL THE ABOVE CASES , THE PLANNING PROVIDES

-SENSE OF PURPOSE

-SENSE OF DIRECTION

-STRATEGIC OUTLOOK

-MEAN FOR ACTION

-SENSE OF TIMING

-MEAN TO ALLOCATE RESOURCES.



HOPE THIS IS USEFUL TO YOU.

REGARDS

LEO LINGHAM
30th April 2006 From India, Mumbai
Please share if you have any insights for this topic page and be part of our fostered professional community at Cite.Co. Avoid "Thank You" posts to preserve the integrity and readability of this page. Instead, help someone else with your knowledgeable inputs. If you have any related query please start a discussion thread.



 
 
 
 





Anonymous (Don't Display Username)


Disclaimer: This network and the advice provided in good faith by our members only facilitates as a direction towards the actions necessary. The advice should be validated by proper consultation with a certified professional. The network or the members providing advice cannot be held liable for any consequences, under any circumstances.

About Us - Advertise - Contact Us - RSS   On Google+  
Privacy Policy | Disclaimer | Terms Of Service
Facebook Page | Follow Us On Twitter | Linkedin Network