I require the list of festivals celebrated in India - State wise/ Language wise and Religion wise.
The list needs to be exhaustive with the date & the month in which these festivals are celebrated.
Can any one guide me to a good source/book/website where I can find this information?
Any pointers or help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks in advance!
Pl find herewith monthwise list of festival celebrated in India. I hope it will work a little for u.
Month-Wise List of some Important Festivals
The Indian calendar is a long procession of festivals. If you can find yourself in the right place at the right time, it is possible to go through your visit with a festival each day. The harvest festivals of the south, the immersion of Ganesh in Bombay, the Car Festival of Puri, Snake Boat races in Kerala, Republic Day in Delhi... every region, every religion has something to celebrate. Below is a selection of the major ones, but there are countless others; kindly inquire at the local Government of India Tourist Offices for details.
JANUARY / FEBRUARY
Makar Sankranti - is the time of the year when the Sun enters Capricorn. It's a time of great festivities throughout the nation with people taking a dip in the holy rivers and seas. In Gujarat particularly, it is the time to witness and extravaganza of Kite flying in what has become an International Kite Festival.
Pongal - mainly held in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. A 3-days colourful Tamil harvest festival.
Republic Day - held on 26th January every year, this is a National holiday that commemorates the establishment of the Indian Republic in 1950. It's a grand military parade and procession of colourful floats, dancers and so on.
Vasant Panchami - celebrated on a National level mainly in the Eastern region, it is a Hindu festival dedicated to Saraswati the Goddess of Learning. It is marked by people wearing yellow coloured clothes.
Floating Festival - held in Madurai in the State of Tamil Nadu, marks the Birthday of a local 17th century rule. Its main feature is the elaborately illuminated barge carrying decorated temple deities at the Mariamman Teppakulam Pool amidst chanting hymns.
Nagaur Cattle Fair - is held in Nagaur in the State of Rajasthan. Essentially an animal fair, it provides an opportunity to participate in some of the local sports.
FEBRUARY / MARCH
Shivaratri - is celebrated on a National level. It marks the wedding anniversary of Lord Shiva and his consort Parvati. It's a day of fasting for devout Hindus. Special celebrations are held in Shiva temples throughout the country like Chidambaram, Kalahasti, Khajuraho, Varanasi and Bombay.
Holi - celebrated mainly in North India, this is a very popular festival of colours. It marks the advent of Spring. Lively and much throwing of coloured water and powders marks this 2-day festival. This festival is also associated with legends of Lord Krishna
Mardi Gras - is a 3-day festival held in Goa. The main feature is the Carnival and the gaiety associated with it.
Ram Navami - celebrated at a National level, marks the birth of Rama, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu and the hero of the epic Ramayana. It's a 9-day festival of fasting and is marked by plays and folk theaters.
Mahavira Jayanti - is a National level festival that marks the birth of Mahavira the 24th tirthankar (apostle) of the Jains and the founder of Jainism.
Good Friday / Easter - is celebrated at a National level.
Kumbha Mela - the oldest and most important of the Hindu festivals. It takes place every three years, at one of the four great holy cities - Nasik (Maharashtra), Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh), Prayag or Allahabad and Haridwar (both in Uttar Pradesh). It is attended by millions of pilgrims who take a holy dip in the holy rivers.
APRIL / MAY
Baisakhi - celebrated mostly in North India, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu, this marks the Hindu Solar New Year.
Pooram - celebrated in Trichur, in the State of Kerala, it marks the New Moon. The main feature of the festival is the spectacular sight of large number of elephants carrying ceremonial umbrellas going round the temple and the midnight fireworks display.
Id-ul-Zuha - or Bakr-id is a Muslim festival celebrated on a National level. It commemorates the martyrdom of Abraham and is marked by the sacrifice of lambs.
Id-ul-Fitr - is a Muslim festival that marks the end of the month of Ramzan, a month long period of fasting.
Meenakshi Kalyanam - celebrated in Madurai, this festival marks the marriage of goddess Meenakshi (another name of goddess Parvati) with Lord Shiva. It is a colourful 10-day temple festival wherein the deities borne by colossal chariot are taken out on a procession.
Urs - celebrated at Ajmer in the State of Rajasthan is a 6-days religious cultural and commercial extravaganza dedicated to a Sufi saint at the Dargah Sharif.
JUNE / JULY
Rath Yatra - celebrated mainly at Puri in the State of Orissa, is one of the greatest temple festivals in the honour of Lord Jagannath (Lord of the Universe), a form of Vishnu. Three colossal chariots are drawn from the Jagannath temple by thousands of pilgrims. Similar festivals, on a smaller scale, take place at Ramnagar (near Varanasi), Serampore (near Calcutta) and Jagannathpur (near Ranchi).
JULY / AUGUST
Teej - celebrated in North India particularly in Rajasthan, marks the onset of the monsoon. In Jaipur, processions of elephants, camels, dancers etc are taken out. It is a colourful festival especially for women.
Raksha Bandhan - is celebrated mostly in North and West India. It's a legendary reenactment of sisters tying colourful 'rakhis' (bracelets or talisman) on their brother's wrists.
Amarnath Yatra - is a Hindu pilgrimage journey that takes one to the Amarnath Cave in the Lidder Valley of Kashmir at full moon. Pilgrims visit the place where Lord Shiva explained the secret of salvation to his consort Parvati.
Independence Day - celebrated on 15th August every year marks the day when India got her Independence. It's marked by celebrations throughout the country. In Delhi the Prime Minister delivers his annual address to the nation at the historic Red Fort.
Janmashtami - celebrated nation wide marks the birth of Lord Krishna. It is a day of fasting, temple celebrations, plays and folk theatres and colourful floats depicting the life and times of Lord Krishna.
Onam - is a harvest festival of the State of Kerala. The main feature being the spectacular snake boat races.
Ganesh Chaturthi - celebrated mainly in the states Maharashtra and Orissa, is dedicated to the elephant-headed God Ganesh. Giant models of the deity are taken out in a procession and immersed in the sea or rivers. It is a colourful festival and worth visiting on the Day of Immersion at Mumbai.
SEPTEMBER / OCTOBERq
Dussehra - is a nation wide 10-day festival that is celebrated in different ways in different parts of the country. In the north and particularly in Delhi it is marked by plays known as Ram Lila that recalls the life of Rama and the episodes of the Ramayana. On the 10th day effigies of Ravana the king of Lanka are burnt amidst fireworks. In Kullu in the State of Himachal Pradesh, the festival is marked by a colourful fair. In Bengal and many parts of Eastern India it is known as Durga Puja and on the 10th day idols of Goddess Durga are immersed in the sea or the rivers. In South India it is celebrated as Navaratri (festival of 9-nights).
Gandhi Jayanti - is a National holiday that marks the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation.
Durga Pooja - Durga, the warrior Goddess is worshipped in colourful Puja pandals and the images are taken out in grand procession to the sea or rivers where they are immersed amidst chanting and singing
Diwali - is a nation wide festival that comes after 20 days of Dussehra. It is one of the most lively and colourful festivals in India. In some parts of the country, it marks the start of the Hindu New Year. In Eastern India, the goddess Kali is particularly worshipped; elsewhere, it is Lakshmi, the goddess of prosperity, who is venerated. Everywhere there are magnificent illuminations and fireworks.
Guru purab - is a Sikh festival that commemorates the anniversaries of the ten gurus, spiritual teachers or preceptors of Sikhism.
Muharram - is a Muslim festival that commemorates Imam Hussain's martyrdom. Tiger dancers lead processions of colourful replicas of the martyr's tomb. It is a nation wide celebration particularly colourful in Lucknow, the capital of the State of Uttar Pradesh.
Sonepur Cattle Fair - celebrated in the State of Bihar, this is one of the largest cattle fairs in the world. It's a month long fair held on the banks of the Ganga at the town of Sonepur.
Pushkar Mela - is an annual Cattle Fair held at Pushkar in the State of Rajasthan. It's a colourful fair attended by people from miles around. Camel races, acrobatics and folkdance and music are some of its highlights.
Christmas - is a nation wide celebrated festival. It is most exuberantly celebrated in Goa, Bombay and South India.
Note - besides the above festivals there are hundreds of festivals and fairs, which are of regional significance, celebrated with equal pomp and colour. The most authentic of these are the following:
(1) The Temple Festivals in South India, a list of which if often available at the Government of India Tourist Offices
(2) The Monastery festivals at Ladakh in Kashmir
(3) The many regional festivals of Rajasthan
SPECIAL FESTIVALS IN RAJASTHAN
Festival Place Dates Dates
Nagaur Fair &
Ramdeoji Cattle Fair
Nagaur 28-31 jan 15-18 Feb
Desert Festival Jaisalmer 4-6 Feb
Baneshwar (Dungarpur) 1-6 Feb
Jaipur 6 March
01. Apr 23 March
Karauli (Sawal Madhopur)
06. Apr 26 March
30 Mar-5 April
30 Aug-28 Sept 19 Aug-18 Sept
31 Aug-1 Sept 20 -21 Aug
Pushkar Fair Pushkar (Ajmer)
15 -16 Nov
22 Nov-2 Dec
U can check following links to see the detail of festivels of our country.
Name of Festival
New Year's Day Wednesday, Jan.01
Guru Govind Singh's Birth Day Thursday, Jan.09
Bhogi (S.India) Monday, Jan.13
Makradi Sanana, Makar Sanskranti, Pongal (S.India) Tuesday, Jan.14
Mattu Pongal (S.India) Wednesday, Jan.15
Netajiís Birthday Thursday, Jan.23
Republic Day X Sunday, Jan.26
Govt. of India Holiday
Basant Panchmi / Sri Panchmi Thursday, Feb.06
Iduíz Zuha (Bakrid) X Wednesday, Feb.12
Govt. of India Holiday
Guru Ravidas Birthday Sunday, Feb.16
Shivaji Jayanti Wednesday, Feb.19
Birthday of Swami Dayanand Saraswati Wednesday, Feb.26
Maha Shivaratri Saturday, March 01
Birthday Sri. Ram Krishna Wednesday, March 05
Ash Wednesday Wednesday, March 05
Muharram X Friday, March 14 Govt. of India Holiday
Holika Dahan Tuesday, March 18
Dola Yatra Tuesday, March 18
Holi Wednesday, March 19 FHRAI Holiday
Jamshedi Naoroj (Parsi) Friday, March 21
Indian New Year's Day Saturday, March 22
Telugu Near Year's Day Wednesday, April 02
Chaitra Sukladi (Gudi, Padava, Ugadi, Cheti, Chand) Wednesday, April 02
Gangaur Friday, April 04
Ramnavami Friday, April 11 FHRAI Holiday
Vaisaki Monday, April 14
Meshadi Monday, April 14
Tamil New Years Day Monday, April 14
Dr. Ambedkars Birthday Monday, April 14
Mahavir Jayanti X Tuesday, April 15 Govt. of India Holiday
Vishu Tuesday, April 15
Vaisakhadi Tuesday, April 15
Good FridayX Friday, April 18 Govt. of India Holiday
Easter (Holy) Saturday Saturday, April 19
Birthday of Rabindranath Friday, May 09
Pooram Sunday, May 11
Meenakshi Kalyanam Monday, May 12
Milad-Un-Nabi or Id-E-Milad X Wednesday, May 14 Govt. of India Holiday
Buddha Purnima Friday, May 16 Govt. of India,FHRAI
Ascension Day (Holy) Thursday Thursday, May 29
Jamatri Sasthi Friday, June 06
Fatiha Yazdahum Thursday, June 12
Rath Yatra Tuesday, July 01
Teej (Madusrava Trithiya) Friday, Aug.01
Nag Panchmi Saturday, Aug.02
Raksha Bandhan Tuesday, Aug.12
Amarnath Yatra Tuesday, Aug.12
Gayatri Japam Wednesday, Aug.13
Independence Day Friday, Aug.15 Govt. of India,FHRAI
Shri Krishna Jayanti Tuesday, Aug.19
Janmashtami Tuesday, Aug.19 FHRAI Holiday
Gokulashtami Wednesday, Aug.20
Parsi New Years Day Thursday, Aug.21
Ganesh Chaturthi Sunday, Aug.31
Vinayak Chaturthi Sunday, Aug.31
Onam Monday, Sept.08
Hazrat Aliís Birthday Wednesday, Sept.10
Biswakarma Puja Wednesday, Sept.17
Mahalaya Amavasya Thursday, Sept.25
Maharaja Agrasenís Jayanti Friday, Sept.26
Jewish New Years Day Saturday, Sept.27
Mahatma Gandhiís Birthday Thursday, Oct.02 Govt. of India,FHRAI
Durga Puja (Maha Saptami) Thursday, Oct.02
Durga Puja (Maha Ashtami) Friday, Oct.03
Durga Puja (Maha Navami) Saturday, Oct.04
Ayudha Puja Saturday, Oct.04
Vijaya Dasami, Dussera Saturday, Oct.04
Vijaya Dasami, Dussera (Bengal) Sunday, Oct.05
Kojagori Lakshmi Puja Thursday, Oct.09
Maharishi Balmikiís Birthday Friday, Oct.10
Shab-I-Barat Sunday, Oct.12
Kali Puja Friday, Oct.24
Lakshmi Puja Saturday, Oct.25
Depavali (Diwali) Saturday, Oct.25 Govt. of India,FHRAI
Govardhan Puja Saturday, Oct.25
Kartika Sukladi Sunday, Oct.26
Bhaiduj / Bhratri Dvitiya Sunday, Oct.26
Chhat (Bihar) Thursday, Oct.30
Jagadhatri Puja Sunday, Nov.02
Guru Nanakís Birth Day Saturday, Nov.08 Govt. of India Holiday
Pushkar Fair Saturday, Nov.08
Jamut-Ul-Vida Friday, Nov.21
Shab-I-Qadr Saturday, Nov.22
IduíI Fitr Wednesday, Nov.26 Govt. of India Holiday
Guru Teg Bahadur Martyrdom Day Friday, Nov.28
Christmas Eve Wednesday, Dec.24
Christmas Day Thursday, Dec.25 Govt. of India Holiday
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