Factories Act is applicable to a premises where manufacturing process is carried on in which ten or more persons are employed.manufacturing process means the process of making an article or effecting a change in an article through various methods like polishing or cleaning or repairing or oiling etc to make it for use or sale. Having regard to the fact that a manufacturing process may involve risks like operating machines or hazardous processes and substances,, the Factories Act prescribes various provisions extensively for safety, health and other regulatory provisions relating to lighting ventilation, maintaining certain degree of humidity and temperature etc. maintaining .A shop or commercial establishment in contrast to a factory does not indulge in any manufacturing process but engages in trading of goods or services or in commercial operations like selling services etc. and their activities are regulated by the Shops and Establishments Act which thus prescribe,among others,rules for opening and closing hours of the establishment , working hours rest intervals, weekly offs , leave and general safety of employees.
2nd February 2013 From India, Mumbai