The terms Entrepreneur and Manager are considered one and the same. But the two terms have different meanings.
The following are some of the differences between a manager and an entrepreneur.
∑ The main reason for an entrepreneur to start a business enterprise is because he comprehends the venture for his individual satisfaction and has personal stake in it where as a manager provides his services in an enterprise established by someone.
∑ An entrepreneur and a manager differ in their standing, an entrepreneur is the owner of the organization and he bears all the risk and uncertainties involved in running an organization where as a manager is an employee and does not accept any risk.
∑ An entrepreneur and a manager differ in their objectives. Entrepreneurís objective is to innovate and create and he acts as a change agent where as a managerís objective is to supervise and create routines. He implements the entrepreneurís plans and ideas.
∑ An entrepreneur is faced with more income uncertainties as his income is contingent on the performance of the firm where as a managerís compensation is less dependent on the performance of the organization.
∑ An entrepreneur is not induced to involve in fraudulent behavior where as a manger does. A manager may cheat by not working hard because his income is not tied up to the performance of the organization.
∑ Entrepreneur is required to have certain qualifications and qualities like high accomplishment motive, innovative thinking, forethought, risk-bearing ability etc. Conversely itís mandatory for a manager to be educated in the fields of management theories and practices.
∑ An entrepreneur deals with faults and failures as a part of learning experience where as a manager make every effort to avoid mistakes and he postpones failure.
ďAn entrepreneur could be a manager but a manager cannot be an entrepreneurĒ. An entrepreneur is intensely dedicated to develop business through constant innovation. He may employ a manager in order to perform some of his functions such as setting objectives, policies, rules etc. A manager cannot replace an entrepreneur in spite of performing the allotted duties because a manager has to work as per the guidelines laid down by the entrepreneur.
On the downside, typical manager brings professionalism into working of an organization. They bring fresh perspectives, ideas and approach to trouble shooting which can be invaluable.
Lately there has been convergence of the entrepreneur and the manager in certain sectors like software. An employee is being given highly valuable stock options, which make a typical Ďmanagerí a part owner.